1. Life in the age of machines
Life in the age of machines
Background of the Industrial Revolution
* Meaning of “Revolution”
* Political Sense: means the overthrow a authorities by force * E. g. the Gallic Revolution. people in Paris overthrew the absolute male monarch. Louis XVI and started a republic * Socio-economic Sense: means great betterments in people’s life conditions or ways of making things * What was Industrial Revolution?

* Begin in Europe in mid-18th century
* Improvements were made in countries including industry. energy. conveyance. communications. medical specialty. scientific discipline * Change people’s life
* Besides called the Age of Machine
2. Cause of the Industrial Revolution
a. Scientific developments
* Western scientific discipline greatly developed in Renaissance and the Age of Reason * Important innovations and developments were made * This laid the foundation for the Industrial Revolution B. Abolition of trade bounds

* Privileges of the aristocracy ended with the diminution of feudal system * Markets were no longer monopolized
* This encourage changes in production methods to run into the lifting demand for goods c. Rise of population
* Population continued to increase in the eighteenth century * Labour was plentiful. so this helped develop industry and trade * Rise of population besides brought a lifting demand for goods * This encourage changes in production methods d. Development of universe trade

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* New trade paths to the East were discovered in fifteenth century Europeans states started set up settlements in eighteenth century * Acquired natural stuffs from their settlements and abroad markets
* Trade grows and demand rose

e. Accumulation of capital
* Developments in trade allowed merchandisers roll up big sums of capital * They have more money to invested natural stuffs. machines and mills

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