MAJOR
EQUIPMENTS

1) CONTROL PANEL  USE DIGITAL AND
SEPARATE CONTROL PANEL

              
FIGURE 1

 

·        
Use
digital control panel because it automatically calculate the mAs.

·        
Use a
separate control panel to prevent x-ray being released in the wrong room
because in case of an emergency mistake is easily done due to the chaotic
situation.

·        
Radiographers
also can work faster because they can make projection without waiting another room
use the control panel to settle their projection

·        
The
control panel should also have a telecom to facilitate the instructions to the
patient when the door is closed.

 

 

2)GENERATOR USE FALLING-LOAD GENERATOR

·        
Use
Falling-Load Generator because it usually are specially designed high-frequency
generators. They begin the exposure with high amperage and then allowing it to
fall during exposure. It also permit greater use of the acceptable tube limits.

·        
A falling
load generator also utilizes the tube’s loading potential to a much greater
extent than the constant-potential generator.

 

2

3) ANODE USE ROTATING ANODE X-RAY TUBE

                                Figure 2

·        
In
the case of a rotating anode tube, the heat of the incoming cathode beam is
scatter evenly across the entire surface of the anode as it rotates. This
enables radiographers use rotating anode to perform longer scans and at higher
doses

·        
If
radiographer intend to perform longer scans like run-offs or cross laterals, or
scans requiring higher dose for larger patients, radiographer will be sending a
lot more electricity into the cathode and a lot more heat to the anode. In this
situation, the superior heat dispersal of the rotating anode will serve well.

 

4) COLLIMATOR

·        
Must use
collimator to permits an infinite number of field sizes. It also providing a
light source for radiographer  as an aid
in properly placing the tube and central ray.

·        
with the
collimator image quality can be improved and patients dose can be minimized

                                           
i.           
Must have
shutters to regulate the field size. Bottom shutters reduce penumbra along
periphery of beam because of their greater distance from the focal spot. Upper
shutters of collimater help in reducing the amount of off-focus radiation
reaching the image receptor by absorbing this radiation before it exits the
tube.

                                         
ii.           
Collimator
must have laser line to center the tube with the center of bucky

3

5) PROTECTIVE HOUSING

·        
Composed
of cast steel and is capable of absorbing most of the unwanted photons.

·        
Lined
with lead for additional absorption at the cathode end.

·        
Have
window to permit unrestricted exit for the useful photons from the envelope
window.

 

6) RADIOGRAPIC TUBESTAND OVERHEAD TUBESTAND

                                 Figure 3

·        
Must
provide high performance, versatility and durability when performing various
types of examinations

·        
Must
freestanding, overhead tube version must have horizontal and vertical movements

·        
Have an
electromagnetic locking and dual rope counterbalancing system for precise
exposure positioning, maximum stability and safety for both the radiographer
and the patient.

·        
Have
“easy-glide” design. With minimal effort, radiographers can easily position the
tubestand .

 

 

 

4

7) TABLE BUCKY

·        
Heavy-duty, compact, space-saving design provides exceptional
versatility and allows for installations in small x-ray rooms

·        
The
tabletop material  low absorption reduces
exposure dose rate while the small skin-film distance permits precise low
magnification film studies.

·        
Have
standard side rails support a wide variety of accessories.

·        
The large
table, easy-to-clean tabletop and supports up to 500 lbs (230 kg) while precision
bearing system ensures effortless patient positioning.

                               
i.           
can
support overweight patients

                             
ii.           
faster
cleaning after checking on bleeding, vomiting or accidentally releasing filth
patient

                           
iii.           
facilitating
the radiographer to positioning the patient

 

8) ERECT BUCKY

·        
Must made
out ferrous metal or non ferrous alloy to reduces the effect of scattered
radiation from reaching the receptor ( filteration)

·        
Vibrate
grid inside the bucky to avoid the presence of grid lines on the image.

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