Black Athena is the plants of Martin Bernal and describes the Afro-asiatic roots of classical civilisation in ancient Greece. Martin examines the perceptual experience of ancient Greece in relation to its African and Asiatic neighbors particularly in West Europe. This occurred in the eighteenth century onwards and exhibits the denial by the western academe and the influence of the Grecian civilization on civilisation. In his work Bernin does non back up the Grecian civilisation as being founded by the Aryan colonists whose hint is Europe.
He gives proves as to the statements of the celebrated great Greek minds like Plato. Socrates and Aristotle that Phoenician civilisation originally colonized Greece. In this footing he comes up with a theory based on the methodological analysis of these historiographers and this theory states that Greece was colonized by northern encroachers with their bing settlement established in Phoenicia. ( Moore. 2001 ) He uses several illustrations to explicate that states of Africa like Egypt and those on the West are being admired by outstanding European leaders because of their historical backgrounds.
The current Grecian linguistic communication spoken in classical Grecian universe has its roots in the proto Greek linguistic communication and influence from other Anatolian linguistic communications that were spoken nearby. The civilization in Greece is believed to hold been developed as a consequence of comparing of integrity of elements. Bernam puts great accent on the elements of Africa that shaped the Greek history. He compares the 19th and twentieth century Eurocentrism with the development of the western appropriation civilization and its development.
He argues that the western universe influenced the Modern Greek linguistic communication terming the contact between the indo European linguistic communications and the culturally influenced Egyptian and Semitic linguistic communications as really cardinal in the finding of the modern Greek civilization and linguistic communication. He gives illustrations of some words being used in the modern linguistic communication of Greece to hold been from these beginnings. He estimates the debut of the Greek alphabet to hold been between the period 1800 and 1400 BC. ( Moore. 2001 ) Bernal came to the decision that the relationship between antediluvian Greek and Egyptian influence should non be taken lightly.
His background hints to the involvements he had on Egypt since childhood and the inspirations by his male parent. He is farther encouraged to take this way by the find of the plants of Cyrus Gordon and Astour. Afrocentrism which is now the most felt theoretical account in the North American primary and secondary schools has been noted to be the most important and ambitious developments in higher instruction systems and course of studies. It’s a theoretical account which encompasses both multi cultural and Afro Hellenic orientations.
This merely means that it’s grounded in cultural and cultural diverseness and the facet that it is attributed to Africa. In contrast with the black Athena which attributes the development of modern Greece to the western universe. the Afrocentric theoretical account attributes it to be an abstract. rational civilisation which is grounded in the traditional orientations of western civilisation. Bernal’s find of the black Athena is the modern thought of how the Grecian universe came into being but has been criticized as non with definite grounds as afrocentric motion.
His was of a different order that racialist and anti Semitic bookmans merely showed the historical facts from the Bronze Age onwards doing the civilization of Greece to be a merchandise of lone Egyptians and Levantines. He argues that for the complete concealment of the beginning of the Grecian civilization we need to see the North of Athens and the medditerenian island of Crete. civilisations which took topographic point in the 3rd millenary. Bernal’s instance is different from the afrocentric theoretical accounts because it rests upon on fable and myth. It relies upon the narratives told by the ancient Greeks like Aristotle and Aristotle.
He interprets these narratives as the memories of the Egyptian and Phoenician developments. There is a critic about this nevertheless because we need to inquire ourselves ‘of what benefit is myths and fables? ’ ( Bernal. 1987 ) Bernal attributes archeology. myth and lingual adoptions as grounds to the development in Greece. The history and development of Greece is of much importance to the civilization adopted today in Greece. Without the historical base Bernal suggests that following of the Grecian history and civilisation would be really complicated.
Bernal claims that about 30 % of Greek is of Semitic beginning. 20 % from Egyptian beginning and the remainder from the ancient Greek beginning. Critics nevertheless have suggested that his presentations is merely based on the resemblance simply and non the rules of lingual version. Bernal takes the similarity of a few words and attempts to generalise. The afro centric orientation is based on the western universe and argues that lingual development in Greek civilisation has been natural like the development of any other linguistic communication. ( Bernal. 1987 )
The contention that the Egyptians were the greatest civilisation in history is critically opposed by the Afrocentrists. Afrocentrists view the Egyptians as merely inkinesss who can non lend anything to the civilisations which took topographic point particularly in Greece. Bernal regarded the developments of Greeks like the scientific and mathematical orientations as really of import motions. It’s nevertheless criticized by the afrocentrics as a entire neglect of the facts of chronology. Conclusion The black Athena and the afrocentric motions have had an influence to the history and civilisations of the current Greek histories.
In our survey of the two theoretical accounts we need to understand the fact that the current ancient civilisation is as a consequence of merger of the two theoretical accounts. Bernal in his book Black Athena: The afroasiantic roots of Classical civilisation addresses the issues which have made the Grecian universe today be the manner it is. Mention: Bernal. M. ( 1987 ) Black Athena: Afroasiantic roots of Classical Civilization. Rutgers University imperativeness. Moore. D. ( 2001 ) Black Athena writes back. Duke University imperativeness.