Medical marihuana is a controversial topic. This literature reappraisal is broken up into four subdivisions and will concentrate on the general curative utilizations of medical marihuana. the methods to utilize medical marihuana. medical marihuana usage for multiple induration patients. and medical marihuana usage for AIDS/cancer patients. The ground for the first subdivision. curative utilizations of medical marihuana. is because it allows the readers to understand the general good curative usage of medical marihuana. The different methods to administrate medical marihuanas are listed as another class because there are different picks that a patient has to efficaciously utilize marihuana for medical usage. With that being said. there are three methods listed in this reappraisal. with one being the most commonly usage but is the most harmful manner to utilize marihuana and the other two being the alternate picks for patients. The 3rd subdivision. medical marihuana usage for multiple induration patients. trades with how medical marihuana plants in certain patients but non in all of the multiple induration patients. The last subdivision. medical marihuana utilizations for AIDS/cancer patients. is about the effectual good usage for the patients.
The lone database that was used was the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature ( CINAHL ) because it was the first database that I tried for wellness related information. This database had adequate information that I did non necessitate to look at other databases. The day of the months of the articles that were used in this literature reappraisal scope from 2000 to 2011. Section One: Curative Uses
The undermentioned three articles will concentrate on the curative utilizations of marihuana for medical usage. In the first article. Seamon MJ. Fass JA. Maniscalco-Feichtl M. and Abu-Shraie NA are the writers who are affiliated with the College of Pharmacy at Nova Southeastern University of Fort Lauderdale. Florida. They published their work in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. Mathre ML is the writer of the 2nd article. She is the president of an organisation called “Patients Out of Time. ” from the University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville. Virginia. She published her work in the diary. Drug & A ; Alcohol Professional. Finally. the last article. the writers are Russo E. Mathre ML. Byrne A. Velin R. Bach PJ. Sanchez-Ramos J. and Kirlin KA. These writers are affiliated with the Montana Neurobehavioral Specialists in Missoula. Montana. They published their article in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics.
The first article. “Clinical Review. Medical Marijuana and The Developing Role of The Pharmacist. ” is a reappraisal on the legalisation and the usage of marihuana for medical grounds. There are still conflicts of legalising marihuana in the United States. Some provinces have approved the usage of medical marihuana. but on the other manus. other provinces will let patients to claim a defence and turn out that they need marihuanas for medical intents. Furthermore. patients who experience one of the five general indicants listed in the article for the medical usage of marihuana does non hold to see a druggist because patients are able to turn their ain works to handle themselves. lawfully in some provinces. This article is a good over position of the Torahs of medical marihuana and the guidelines that by and large suggest who are able to utilize marihuana for medical intents. It went directly to the point without utilizing footings where readers who are non familiar with legal or medical footings can understand. This article overall had good information on the issues of curative and legal state of affairss of medical marihuana. This can be apprehensible because I think the article was meant to be clear to the general populace. which is another ground for this article being listed foremost.
Even though there are negative sentiments about the usage of medical marihuana. there are besides good curative utilizations to marijuana and these are explained in the 2nd article. “Cannabis Series – The Whole Narrative: Part 7: Differentiating Between Medical Use and Recreational/Social Use. Abuse and Addiction. ” The writer fears that the negative ideas of marihuana are holding wellness attention professional assume that the usage of marihuana is merely an dependence. Therefore. the apprehension of the good usage of medical marihuanas. should let the professionals to hold a ground to research the usage. I think this article is great because it is non seeking to conceal the negative sentiments on marihuana. although. it is difficult to disregard the dangers of marihuana. but it enlightens the reader with positive curative utilizations of marihuana. The writer was chiefly composing to take the information towards wellness attention personals. but anyone can read it.
The 3rd article. “Chronic Cannabis Use in The Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program: An Examination of Benefits and Adverse Effects of Legal Clinical Cannabis. ” was a survey to analyze the curative benefits and the effects of marihuana on patients who has been utilizing marihuana for medical intents for a long period of clip. This article goes into item on who was tested for this survey and it besides listed the different consequences that patients had utilizing medical marihuana. This article was great because it was in deepness and it clearly analyzed the surveies. This article is listed lasted because the other articles are general overviews. while this is the survey that was performed on patients. Section Two: Methods to Use Medical Marijuana
Smoke is the most normally used method of marihuana ingestion stated in the first article in this subdivision. The 2nd and 3rd will concentrate on other effectual methods for patients who use marihuana for medical intents. Tashkin DP. is the writer of the first article. He is affiliated with the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at the University of California School of Medicine in Los Angeles. This article was published in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. Chapkis W and Webb RJ wrote the following article. The two writers are affiliated with the Association Professor of Sociology and Women’s Studies at the University of Southern Maine. Their article was published in the Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. Next. Gieringer D. St. Laurent J. and Goodrich S are the writers of the 3rd article. They are affiliated the California NORML in San Francisco. California and they published their work in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics.
The first article. “Effects of Smoked Marijuana on the Lung and Its Immune Defenses: Deductions for Medicinal Use in HIV-Infected Patients. ” list the detrimental effects on the lungs due to smoking marihuana. However. the most unsafe effects that smoking marihuanas can take to are lung infection and respiratory malignant neoplastic disease. This article was added foremost in this subdivision to demo that this is the most widely used method for medical marihuana. Therefore. it is better to read this article foremost before reading the other two articles to maintain in head that even though smoke is the most often use method. there are other alternate methods that will non hold damaging effects on the lungs. The writer is pitching to inform the complications to AIDS patients who smoke marihuana. but others can read this article. excessively.
“Mother’s Milk and The Muffin Man: Grassroots Inventions in Medical Marijuana Delivery Systems. ” is the 2nd article which states that there are other methods to utilize marihuana for medical grounds. The Wo/Men’s Alliance for Medical Marijuana is an organisation with members of wellness attention collectives. who provides the nonsmoking attack of marihuana merchandises for patients. These merchandises can be taken orally or externally. which in bend is fundamentally used as medical specialty. Since they are responsible for the production. distribution. and disposal of these merchandises their asking monetary value is low-cost. The article was great to read because they are non seeking to publicize their merchandises to patients. They are giving informational options with the pick for patients to take which method to utilize their medical marihuana. alternatively of the harmful effects of smoke. This article is chiefly aiming towards patients who are on a budget. but anyone can read this article. For this ground. this article was placed before the last article because the reading is apprehensible and easy to follow.
The engineering to zap marihuana for medical usage is in the last article called. “Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC with Effective Suppression of Pyrolytic Compounds. ” This article is a survey that tests the effectivity in zaping marihuana. Zaping the marihuana was intended for patients to inhale so they can avoid the hazard in smoking. This article shows how this method is done to handle the patients therapeutically. Even though this article goes into great item on how to heat the marihuana for medical usage. the reading is non for everyone. The writers explained the procedure of this process in medical footings that are non apprehensible for others who are non familiar with the footings. Overall. this article is a great article and is clear to medical personals. but it is listed last because the reading was non meant for everyone. Section Three: Medical Marijuana Use for Multiple Sclerosis Patients
The following four articles concentrates on the usage of marihuana for medical grounds on patients with multiple induration. Williamson EM and Evans FJ are the writers of the first article and they are affiliated with the Centre for Pharmacognosy at the School of Pharmacy in the University of London. England. Their work was published in the diary. Drugs. In the 2nd article. the writers are Fox P. Bain PG. Glickman S. Carroll C. and Zajicek J. These writers are affiliated with the Peninsula Medical School in Plymouth. UK. This article was published in the diary. Neurology. Honarmand K. Tierney MC. O’Connor P. and Feinstein A are the writers who wrote the 3rd article. They are affiliated with the University of Toronto and this article was besides published in the diary. Neurology. The last article in this subdivision is by Killestein J. Uitdehaag BMJ. and Polman CH. These writers are affiliated with the VU Medical Center at the Department of Neurology in Amsterdam. Netherlands. This article. like the first article. was published in the diary. Drugs.
“Cannabinoids in Clinical Practice. ” is the first article about multiple induration patients who use medical marihuana to handle their musculus cramp or hurting. Besides. it can ease shudders but merely taken in little doses. Patients besides claim that medical marihuana helps with their depression and anxiousness. This article is a sum-up of clinical surveies that were performed with different types of natural and man-made marihuana and how efficaciously it works. This article is non for everyone to read. it is more for readers who are cognizant of medical footings. The article is for medical personals. Therefore. I did non like this article because it was difficult to follow. This article is listed foremost because the usage of marihuana for medical intents does efficaciously work on these patients. The following three articles are of multiple induration patients who use medical marihuana and it do non work for them or it has a negative consequence on them.
The 2nd article. “The Effect of Cannabis on Tremor in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. ” is a survey done on upper limb shudder patients with multiple induration. This survey is a randomised double-blind experiment. which means that neither the patients nor the research workers know which patients are having the intervention of marijuana infusion or the placebo. The consequence of this experiment proved that the marihuana infusion did non demo much betterment for patients with shudders. To me. this article was the best article in this literature reappraisal because the experiment regulations out any prejudice that could mess up the trial consequences. The experiment was cagey and the article besides stated that this was the lone published double-blind experiment to their cognition. With that being said. the article was really elaborate about how many people were tested. what age group was tested. and what gender was tested. This article is listed 2nd in this subdivision because of the organisation of the subdivision. but since this was the best article. it is listed before the other two articles.
The 3rd article is besides a survey done on multiple induration patients. but this article focuses on the cognitive effects with patients who use medical marihuana. The article is called. “Effects of Cannabis on Cognitive Function in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. ” The cognitive accomplishments of patients with multiple induration are worsened because of this unwellness. The survey that was performed was on patients who use marihuanas and patients who are nonusers to compare their consequences. The consequence of this survey shows patients who use marihuana for medical usage are take downing their cognitive accomplishments. Therefore. this survey points out that. even though marihuana may assist with hurting due to the unwellness. patients should maintain in head that there are side effects to their cognitive accomplishments. I liked this article because it was a survey of patients with multiple induration who should be cognizant of what they can anticipate to go on to them when utilizing marihuana to assist with their hurting. This article is clear to anyone.
The 4th article. “Cannabinoids in Multiple Sclerosis: Do They Have A Curative Role? ” has general information about multiple induration and marihuana. Then it links multiple induration and marijuana together by executing surveies done on patients for curative utilizations. As stated in this article. the surveies done are still non plenty to turn out that marihuana is effectual in multiple induration patients. This article was topographic point in this subdivision alternatively of the subdivision on curative utilizations because this article focuses more on multiple induration patients. This article was great because it gives the reader background information. but it was tiring to read. Even though. this article is clear and anyone can read this. it lacks the exciting factor that the 2nd and 3rd article delivers. Therefore. it is listed last in this subdivision. Section Four: Medical Marijuana Use for AIDS/Cancer Patients
The last two articles in this literature reappraisal trades with the usage of medical marihuanas on patients with AIDS/ malignant neoplastic disease. The first article is by Fride E. This writer is the Associate Professor in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and is the Head of the Laboratory of Behavioral Biology at the College of Judea and Samaria in Ariel. Israel. This article was published in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. The 2nd article is by Sidney S. The writer is affiliated with Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program in Oakland. California. The author’s work was besides published in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics.
The first article. “Cannabinoids and Cystic Fibrosis: A Novel Approach to Etiology and Therapy. ” focuses on patients with cystic fibrosis who use medical marihuana. Since cystic fibrosis patients do non hold an appetency. they are malnourished. This is called blowing in cystic fibrosis patients. Therefore. when these patients use marihuana. it encourages them to hold more of an appetency and is able to intake nutrient. This article explains how marihuana is efficaciously assisting the patients. The article is clear to an extent. There are some medical footings that are used but it can easy be looked up in a lexicon for their definition. For that ground. the reading is non excessively hard and it is still clear to anyone interested in cystic fibrosis patients utilizing medical marihuana. This article is listed foremost in this subdivision because it is an illustration of the effectivity of medical marihuana. The following article will concentrate more on a survey done with medical marihuana.
“Marijuana Use in HIV-Positive and AIDS Patients: Consequences of an Anonymous Mail Survey. ” is the 2nd article listed in this subdivision. This article concentrates on the anon. mail study done on patients with HIV-positive and AIDS who are utilizing marihuana for medical intents. The article lists the per centum of the respondents who gave grounds on why they use marihuanas. The most common replies of the respondents were to mentally experience better and to cut down emphasis. I would non urge this article to readers because it is an anon. mail study so their replies are merely replies. non grounds that readers can happen in existent surveies performed. Patients can besides lie about their replies. I would non swear this study. Therefore. this article is listed last. Decision Section:
Overall. most of the articles in this literature reappraisal were clear without a great trade of trouble. In this literature reappraisal. there are five articles that appeared in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. I would propose readers to this diary because this diary provides surveies and general information on patients who use medical marihuana. I would urge the lone database that I used. which was CINAHL. In add-on. when making a hunt for this subject. maintain in head that the term marihuana can be used as hemp.
Chapkis. W. and RJ Webb. “Mother’s Milk and The Muffin Man: Grassroots Inventions in Medical Marijuana Delivery Systems. ” Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 4. 3/4 ( 2005 ) : 183-204. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011. Fox P. Bain PG. Glickman S. Carroll C. and Zajicek J. “The Effect of Cannabis on Tremor in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. ” Neurology 62. 7 ( 2004 ) : 1105-1109. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.
Fride. E. “Cannabinoids and Cystic Fibrosis: A Novel Approach to Etiology and Therapy. ” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 2. 1 ( 2002 ) : 59-71. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.
Gieringer. D. J St. Laurent. and S Goodrich. “Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC with Effective Suppression of Pyrolytic Compounds. ” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 4. 1 ( 2004 ) : 7-27. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011. Honarmand K. Tierney MC. O’Connor P. and Feinstein A. “Effects of Cannabis on Cognitive Function in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. ” Neurology 76. 13 ( 2011 ) : 1153-1160. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.
Killestein. J. BMJ Uitdehaag. and CH Polman. “Cannabinoids in Multiple Sclerosis: Do They Have a Curative Role? . ” Drugs 64. 1 ( 2004 ) : 1-11. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.
Mathre. ML. “Cannabis Series – The Whole Narrative: Part 7: Differentiating Between Medical Use and Recreational/Social Use. Abuse and Addiction. ” Drug & A ; Alcohol Professional 3. 3 ( 2003 ) : 5-10. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011. Russo E. Mathre ML. Byrne A. Velin R. Bach PJ. Sanchez-Ramos J. and Kirlin KA. “Chronic Cannabis Use in The Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program: An Examination of Benefits and Adverse Effects of Legal Clinical Cannabis. ” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 2. 1 ( 2002 ) : 3-57. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 19 June 2011.
Seamon MJ. Fass JA. Maniscalco-Feichtl M. and Abu-Shraie NA. “Clinical Review. Medical Marijuana and The Developing Role of The Pharmacist. ” American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy 64. 10 ( 2007 ) : 1037-1044. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.
Sidney. S. “Marijuana Use in HIV-Positive and AIDS Patients: Consequences of an Anonymous Mail Survey. ” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 1. 3/4 ( 2001 ) : 35-41. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.
Tashkin. DP. “Effects of Smoked Marijuana on the Lung and Its Immune Defenses: Deductions for Medicinal Use in HIV-Infected Patients. ” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 1. 3/4 ( 2001 ) : 87-102. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011. Williamson. EM. and FJ Evans. “Cannabinoids in Clinical Practice. ” Drugs 60. 6 ( 2000 ) : 1303-1314. CINAHL. EBSCO. Web. 18 June 2011.