Moringa comes from a Tamil word, murungai, that means “twisted
pod”, alluding to young fruit. It is a plant from Moringaceae famili with height around
8-10 meters tall. It has woody dirty white stem with thin skin and rough
surface branching simpodial, the direction of erect or oblique branches, tend
to grow straight and elongated. In addition, it also has Compound leaf, long
stemmed, arranged in rotation,and the colour of its foliage is light green. The shape of the
leaves is small round shape like an egg. Moringa leaves
have different names in each area. Moringa is quite common in Indonesia. In
Indonesia, “Moringa” known as Daun Kelor or Kelor Leaves. It has a lot of advantages,
especially in health sector. A lot of scientist have proved and recognized
Moringa as a potential herbal medicine. Some people already use this kind for
their main medical treatment, because it manufactured various nutrient that can
cure a lot types of disease.
Beside leaves, moringa
also has flowers. This kind of flowers are fragrant and has asexual reproductory system, surrounded by
five unequal thin yellowish white petals with green flower buds in the middle .The
flowers are about 1.0-1.5 cm long and 2.0 cm. They grow on slender, hairy
stalks in spreading or drooping flower clusters which have a length of 10–25
cm. Flowering begins within the first six months after planting. In seasonally
cool regions, flowering only occurs once a year between April and June. In more
constant seasonal temperatures and with constant rainfall, flowering can happen
twice or even all year round.
have The fruit is a long, triangular shape, 20-60 cm long; young fruit is green
– after the old brown, round shape – blackish brown, fruiting after the age of
12-18 months. The roots are white, enlarged like turnips. While
the fruit has an elongated triangle shape called a span. The fruit is a
hanging, three sided brown capsule of 20–45 cm size which holds dark brown,
circular seeds with a diameter around 1 cm.
leaves have different names in each area. Moringa is quite common in Indonesia.
In Indonesia, “Moringa” known as Daun Kelor or Kelor Leaves. It has a lot of
advantages, especially in health sector. A lot of scientist have proved and
recognized Moringa as a potential herbal medicine. Some people already use this
kind for their main medical treatment, because it manufactured various nutrient
that can cure a lot types of disease.
on the benefits of the plants start from leaves, bark, fruit until seed, since
the early 1980s has begun. There is a report on the results of research, study
and development related to the use of moringa plants for reforestation and
desertification holders in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya by the German team, at
the periodical Institute for Scientific Cooperation, Tubingen, 1993. The report
is devoted to areas including Ethiopia , Somalia, and Sudan, since it has long
been a tradition of its inhabitants to plant moringa trees, it can be a part of
everyday life as a vegetable, raw material for medicines, as well as for trade.
Behind its popularity, Moringa leaves have benefits in health sector that
may not be known to many people. Moringa leaves have a good content like most
other pharmacy plants. Moringa leaves stored compounds that can be used as
nutritional body supplement.
herb made from kelor leaf has high polyphenol content which is useful as
antioxidant. As we know, antioxidants are very good for the body as a substance
to detoxify the human body even able to strengthen the human immune system.
Drinking herb made
from Moringa leaves can also make human skin more healthy if it taken regularly.
There are huge numbers
of Moringa’s leaf benefits. First, it can
supply more energy. Consuming tea from Moringa leaf can strengthen body parts
to stay active throughout the day. The body will automatically feel energized. Second,
Moringa can prevent obesity. Having an ideal weight becomes a dream for
both men and women. To get the ideal body in a healthy way, you can regularly
eat the leaves of Moringa both in the form of tea and vegetables. A study of
moringa leaves shows this plant can help solve the digestive problems,because
it can stimulates the body’s metabolism that burns calories faster. Moringa also can increase
the function of excretion such as; Kidney and liver, when routinely
eating kelor tea. Next, provide nutrition. Moringa leaf tea is good for maintaining
healthy eyes and brain. If the brain is well nourished, then someone will be
quick in making the right decisions even when in a difficult situation. After that, Moringa can helps digestion process. Eating Moringa
leaves is good for solving stomach problems. For example difficult bowel
movements or constipation.The Other function of moringa is make our hair
healthy. Nutrition contained in Moringa leaf tea can help improve hair growth
so it looks more shiny and healthy. Last but not least, Moringa leaf also have a role in healing for some
disease. This herb medicine can be used
as an anti cancer. In the journal Food and Chemical Technology, it shows that Moringa leaf extract
has the ability to support early cell death and prevent the reproduction of
cancer cells. The study concluded that Moringa leaf could be a potential for
natural cancer prevention. Next, Heart disease. In 2009,Research on laboratory showed
that Moringa leaves can be a source of antioxidants and prevent heart damage.
In the study, dosing 200 milligrams per kilogram of body weight every day for
30 days could make the lipids oxidized lower so that cardiac tissue is
protected from structural damage. But further research is still needed to prove
whether it applies to humans or not.This foliage of the magical plant
also can be an assistance of arthritis. In the journal of Chinese
Integrative Medicine published in February 2011, Moringa leaves can help reduce
inflammation and pain such as arthritis. In studies conducted on animals, leaf
extract can reduce the sensitivity to painful stimuli in cases of rheumatism. A
study also revealed a combination of leaf extract and root can reduce pain.In addition, this leaf has high zinc content
can help overcome diabetes.So that this kind of plant can be used for anti
diabetic too because Zinc is a mineral
needed to produce insulin.