Numerous and new factors highly
inter-linked have profoundly changed non-kinetic strategy and made strategy
theory partially useless. First of all, we need to keep aware that the
globalization of our economy has made institutions increasingly hybrid as
states become more interdepend. Resulting in a decline of state’s power and the
growth of private sector, this generated a loss of monopoly on combat forces
which leave nation-states in highly decentralized forms of warfare. Even if we
saw a utility in strategy theory for non-kinetic strategy, changes have made
theory partly inapplicable theses developing strategies.

Secondly, these changes, we have
just evoked, have made theory partly inapplicable to non-kinetic strategies by
bringing in new users and transforming the structure. Unlike weapons of the
past, non-kinetic are not restricted to particular actors, therefore are more
accessible. This is due to the empowerment of the private sector, for instance,
regarding the space industry, private corporations have gained enough capital
to invest and maybe dominate this domain. But it is also due to the increased
availability of technical skills and tools, in sectors such as cyber, through
online marketplaces, for example, making the cyber environment accessible to
non-experts. This generates the inclusion of the private sector and independent
individuals or groups (for example, Al Qaida, or a simple hacker) in the policy
discussion. Thus, those new users considerably change the structure of

While until the past century, the
traditional structure was interstates conflict, we are now undergoing a major
decline in the number of interstate conflict and the rise of conflict within
states. This is due to the weakening state with globalization creating a shift
from hierarchical patterns of government to broader and more polyarchical
networks. The decline of political power has transform war from a rational
pursuit of states into an irrational, unstructured activity, fought not by
armies but by groups with varying motivations. In fact, these new structures
make strategic theory useless for non-kinetic strategies. For instance,
Clausewitz’s Trinity has become incoherent with the actual structure of
conflict, as it is contiguous with the state. In fact, Clausewitzian Trinity of
War promotes three aspects; citizens accompanied with their passion, commander
with their skills, and government with their reason. Though, in the
contemporary world, this principle is challenged, because of because of new
users breaking the structure of the Trinity, people often being the only
remaining component of it. We can illustrate this with the case of Edward
Snowden, who exposed thousands of classified NSA documents to denounce his own
government and its massive surveillance. In fact, he is the only constituent of
the Trinity as he managed the skills, the passion and the reason itself. As the
new context in which these emerging strategies are evolving, nonetheless, their
distinctive nature is also one of the reasons strategy theory is inapplicable
in some cases.

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