Over the last few decades the act of binge drinking in teens has increased a notable amount. As this dilemma continues to grow within society, the dangers of this lethal drug continue to be a questionable substance for many teens and adults. Likewise, it is said to be that, “drinking is more closely related to lack of success than to achievement” (Dunayer 2014), meanwhile the dangers of binge drinking and alcoholism in adolescence, could also potentially lead to longstanding health problems.
Being knowledgeable and educated about the dangerous effects of alcohol in the human body can potentially prevent the physical and long term effects, as well as overall better one’s mental health if alcohol consumption is abstained in the teenage years. Alcohol affects all parts of the body including the brain and liver which are the most affected organs due to alcohol consumption during teenage years. Focusing mainly on the brain, taking part in drinking in the adolescent years can have a major effect on one’s health. Teens have a difficult time and cannot endure alcohol the same way adults can due to the fact that the brain development is still occurring until one’s mid 20’s and earlier 30’s, for some individuals. As intoxication is how the liver detoxifies the alcohol after being consumed, once it is no longer able to keep up with the alcohol that is being consumed, the alcohol then circulates throughout the bloodstream and brain and eventually leads to the individual becoming intoxicated. Parts of the brain that can be affected by alcohol consumption include the hippocampus and the prefrontal lobe.
The hippocampus is mainly responsible for memory as “Studies of adolescents show that heavy and extended alcohol use is associated with a 10% reduction in the size of the hippocampus.” (n.d.
). Meanwhile, tas the prefrontal lobe is the main site for planning, judgement and decision making the effects of alcohol consumption can have a great affect on this portion of the brain. Ultimately, the focus of these areas of the brain that become altered when those that are in their youth and consume alcohol even though alcohol consumption is perceived as an addictive drug, there are a variety of other drugs that teens could be doing. In addition, the long term effects of alcohol outweigh the short term effects.
Some of these effects include; problem solving skills, basic academic accomplishments in school, and good mental health, which could all have the possibility of being affected with the consumption of alcohol in the teen years.”Young people who begin drinking before age 15 are four times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than those who begin drinking at age 21.”.(n.d.) Studies have shown that alcohol in copious amounts can weaken the immune system over a period of time, this ultimately makes it easier for viral and bacteria to adhere in the body. In some acute cases, alcohol can cause severe damage to the brain this is known as, Alcohol-related Brain Damage (ARBD). ARBD is a known brain disorder that is the result of heavy amount of consumption of alcohol over a time period of several years.
This disorder can potentially share similar symptoms of dementia, but is not a clear form of it. People with ARBD have the ability to redeem themselves, with good support and abstaining from alcohol people with this disorder can potentially recover whether it be partially or fully. In like manner, there is a great possibility that one’s condition will become better and not worsen. Furthermore, being a cautious drinker is crucial as the long term effects of alcohol propose a possibility to becoming detrimental to one’s health. Along with physical obstacles that the body undergoes during alcohol consumption it can also have mental effects on one’s health.
Due to being known as a depressant, alcohol has the ability to decrease the central nervous system functions. Thus, making it difficult for messages in one’s mind to reach the brain as this results it eventually alters a person’s senses (touch, smell, sight, hear). The ability and power that alcohol obtains in order to be able to control an individual shows how, the dependence of the substance at a young age is able to lead to a series of different outcomes such as depression, anger, and even suicide as people sometimes use alcohol as an award system. This then leads them into the direction of alcoholism as an ignorant mentality to the damage the substance is able to create is obtained.
In conclusion, as alcohol is seen in many teens eyes as a fun way to let loose; it can also lead to many harmful and detrimental problems in the long run. In addition, as the physical and mental health problems alcohol causes can be detrimental, they ultimately outweigh the benefits of alcohol. Thus, Making it a revolting substance to consume while in your adolescent years.