For Plato. the philosopher was the 1 who escapes the cave. The cave so is a representation of the senses of worlds ; they see false objects. and hear false words. The individual who is in the cave is utilizing their senses to obtain a diagram of the universe around them. but the cave is dark and there is no light. so all they see are shadows. or contemplations of themselves ; contemplations that are of a lesser homo. The philosopher on the other manus escapes the cave. or escapes the universe of bodily necessity. and comes into the Sun to recognize that what objects are genuinely.
Plato. being an self-seeker but besides a realist describes the scene of the philosopher get awaying the cave and his brush with the Sun ( truth ) . …he is reluctantly dragged up a steep and rugged acclivity. and held fast until he is forced into the presence of the Sun himself. is he non likely to be pained and irritated? When he approaches the light his eyes will be dazzled. and he will non be able to see anything at all of what are now called realities…He will necessitate to turn accustomed to the sight of the upperworld.
And first he will see the shadows best. next the contemplations of work forces and other objects in the H2O. and so the objects themselves ; so he will stare upon the visible radiation of the Moon and the stars and the beady Eden ; and he will see the sky and the stars by dark better than the Sun or the visible radiation of the Sun by twenty-four hours? ( Plato The Cave ) The philosopher was guided by ground to get away the cave. Upon witnessing the Sun. he begins to see the truth.
Throughout the duologue in The Republic Plato utilizes the ‘cross examination’ method of Socrates. and this is particularly true in the metaphor of the cave. In Book 7 of The Republic. Socrates is holding a duologue with Glaucon. Socrates. or Plato composing the duologue. convert the adult male. through a series of inquiries that the cave is a false world. and merely when a individual sees the Sun can the truth be found. In replying the inquiry as to whether or non one should return to the cave to liberate the captives or commiseration them. so in a Platonic response the reply is yes.
Since the philosopher is the 1 who makes it out of the cave due to their enlightenment. Plato is saying that it is a necessity for the philosopher to go back into the cave to convert the other captives that a greater and brighter universe exists for them every bit good. The point of the fable in the cave is that humanity is blinded by their ain ignorance. and since it is impossible for the ignorant to accomplish an prototype such as the volume as a philosopher can accomplish so the philosopher must hold commiseration on the captive since they lack the necessary promotion to detect their ain way out of the cave.
The fable of the cave is one of ignorance versus enlightenment. Those who make it out of the cave are the philosophers and portion a rare gift of cognition that the universe expands beyond one’s preconceived impressions of world ( world in this instance being the cave ) . The people who stay in the cave are the captives of their ain deficiency of understanding. or their ain limited perceptual experience.
Therefore since the philosopher has the tools which enable mankind a vision outside of their normal and foreordained boundaries the lone manner an development of idea may happen is if the remainder of the captives are freed from their ain unknowingness. Socrates taught doctrine in a inquiry reply duologue. The dialectic art of geting at the truth was the system Socrates used. In this respect he would get at the truth by oppugning the belief of occupied talkers in a philosophic circle.
Although this thought of doctrine may come across as non-confrontational. Socrates used this method to verbally prod at the talker until they themselves found mistake in their doctrine. and through a system of negative or positive responses came to acknowledge the truth. The purpose of such confrontational inquiring was ever about truth ; Socrates believed that this was the chief end of doctrine. and philosophical treatments. and he believed that everyone involved with the history was in chase of this end every bit good.
Therefore. the responsibility of the philosopher who makes it out of the cave is to return with this cognition this about godly truth and give it as a gift to the captives much like Prometheus stole fire from the Gods to give to humanity so must the philosopher give truth to the captives.
Work Cited Plato. The Cave. Online. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. wsu. edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_1/plato. hypertext markup language & gt ;