Year 11 Preliminary Extension English Assessment Task – Pygmalion ( George Bernard Shaw ) and Pretty Woman ( Garry Marshall )
To what extent have contextual attitudes and values sing gender and category been maintained or altered in the two texts you have studied?
Both Pygmalion. composed by George Bernard Shaw and Pretty Woman. directed by Garry Marshall efficaciously critique the gender and category disparities of their clip. proposing that these disagreements were simply societal concepts. Through vague and indirect methods such as the usage of temper. sarcasm. character development and transmutations. Shaw and Marshall address the issues of gender and category inequality in a milder manner. therefore skillfully avoiding conflicting sentiments with the audience and the general populace. Although the two texts belong to different clip periods and genres. they are similar in their plot line and unprovoking methods of showing what used to be a extremely controversial thought. In the drama Pygmalion. Shaw uses sarcasm to oppugn the society’s positions on gender inequality through the word picture of Eliza. as an independent and intelligent immature adult female. capable of much more than was deemed appropriate for her sex.
Shaw’s doctrine of equality which ridicules the societal concept of gender disagreements is expressed through Eliza’s disgust at holding to get married a comfortable adult male. denoting that “I sold flowers. I didn’t sell myself. Now you’ve made a lady of me I’m non suit to sell anything else. ” This is an illustration of sarcasm which Shaw uses to aim the impression of baronial misss taking to get married a rich adult male. rendering them dependent upon person else. While Eliza was able to supply for herself as a flower miss. no affair how small her income. she was better than the rich man’s married woman who is reliant on her husband’s income.
In the beginning of the drama. Ms and Mrs Eynsford Hill inquire Freddy to happen a cab for them. proposing that the adult male is the 1 who provides for and protects the adult female as befitting for the gender functions of their clip. whereas Eliza is different – she finds her ain cab to travel to Higgins’s house and besides pays for her tuition with her ain income. Hence it is apparent that through the usage of sarcasm. Shaw subtly critiques the gender disparities of his clip. and utilizing the abilities his female supporter. he shows his audience that allocated gender functions are merely societal concepts. created and preserved by the traditions of society.
Through the usage of character development. Marshall takes a similar attack in Pretty Woman to review the issues of gender inequality in comparing to Pygmalion. and though the times during which they were produced were different. both texts alluded to the fact that gender disparities were but societal concepts. Alike in Pygmalion. the female gender is expected to move within certain definitions of ‘gentle and submissive’ . but both Vivian and Eliza are strong and independent. and do non run into up to society’s outlooks. Unlike Pygmalion nevertheless. Vivian is a existent cocotte whereas Eliza is a flower miss accused of being a cocotte. Although Vivian’s profession is degrading of her gender. her being a cocotte without a procurer gives her power in her relationships. as expressed through her stating “I say who. I say when” and her act of negociating the monetary value of her clip with Edward. In contrast to Pygmalion’s stoping. Vivian does develop a romantic relationship with Edward whilst Eliza remains independent of Higgins. This once more may be degrading of Vivian and her gender as it appears to do Vivian financially dependent upon her male spouse. though this impression is disproved when Vivian Tells Edward that she will “rescue him right back” . learning him life’s ethical motives while he provides for her.
This word picture of Vivian as the ‘damsel in distress’ shows Marshall’s doctrine of the princess who is rescued from the tower. delivering the prince “right back” . leting the issue of gender inequality to be questioned in the movie. While Pretty Woman may be much more elusive than Pygmalion. it is shown through the word picture of Vivian that Marshall non merely frowns upon gender inequality in his clip. but besides identifies gender disparities as a societal concept. similar to Shaw in his doctrine. George Bernard Shaw besides uses temper to turn to the societal concepts on category differences and depict through the interactions between Higgins and Eliza the futility of the category construction of his clip. This is illustrated through Higgins’s assurance in being able to turn Eliza whom he calls a “squashed chou leaf” and an “incarnate abuse to the English language” into a “duchess” or “the Queen of Sheba” .
These abuses are illustrations of the temper that is used in the drama to show the issues of category disparities to the audience. Using Higgins’s grandiloquent stake with Pickering to portray the fact that even a flower miss can be passed off as royalty. Shaw implies that given the right instruction. anyone can go ‘noble’ or ‘high-class’ . This impression is further supported with the usage of temper when Eliza attends the ball and is thought to be a “fraud” and a “Hungarian princess” therefore leting Higgins to win his stake. Shaw besides promotes his beliefs through his character. Higgins when he argues that learning the human being another manner of address is like “filling up the deepest gulf that separates category from category and psyche from soul” . Hence. George Bernard Shaw’s purpose of utilizing temper and character interaction to oppugn society’s position on category disparities becomes clear as he successfully identifies the category constructions of his clip as nil but societal concepts.
In Pygmalion every bit good as Pretty Woman. there are clear category differentiations in the society. and through the construct of a ‘transformation’ . Director Garry Marshall encourages the thought that one does non hold to be born baronial to be baronial. For case. the intervention that Vivian receives during both her visits to the dress shop on Rodeo Drive differs greatly from one another merely because of the alteration in Vivian’s garb. In response to Vivian’s transmutation. her friend Kit tells her that she “cleans up existent nice” while Vivian answers “it’s easy to clean up when you got money” . proposing that possibly one’s category is based strictly on visual aspect and with the right instruction and money. anyone can be ‘high-class’ . The procedure of Vivian’s transmutation is more physical instead than rational in contrast to Pygmalion’s Eliza who undergoes months of address preparation to do her visual aspect in the ball. nevertheless. the same impression of ‘anyone can be high-class’ is supported.
Near the terminal of Vivian’s stay with Edward. he offers to put her up in an flat so he can go on sing her. nevertheless she refuses and tells him she one time “would hold said yes” . but the clip she has spent with him led her to step out of her mentality as a cocotte as she becomes a baronial lady. Through the construct of transmutation. Marshall challenges the widely accepted position on category disparities and like Shaw. expresses through their work the futility of the category construction of their clip. George Bernard Shaw and Director Garry Marshall shared their point of view on both gender and category disparities. believing them to be mere societal concepts. oppugning the norms of their clip in their several texts – Pygmalion and Pretty Woman.
Through the usage of temper. sarcasm. character development and the construct of ‘transformation’ . both composers successfully address the issues of gender and category with their characteristic nuance. Although Pygmalion and Pretty Woman have many differences including their genre and the clip period in which they were composed. they are finally similar in the manner they critique gender and category disparities utilizing mild and unprovoking methods which allow their doctrines to be communicated to a wider audience.