Raphael FloresProf. WagenhofferEnglish 10101/11/18Rough Draft Essay 1 The world relies on high powers to address international affairs with truthful facts in order to advise the people how our lives are being impacted. Being able to pay attention and understand what is happening to the world around us is how we stay updated on crucial events. But also how these events are addressed is very important in order to give its maximum impact to the audience all around the globe. In 2013, former President Barack Obama addressed his response to the nation about the chemical attacks on innocent civilians in Syria. The structure of his speech showed a great variety of pathos, logos, and ethos that really wrealed the audience in. By applying a mixture of rhetorical analysis, Obama is able to develop his response and establish a deeper impact to the people about the chemical attacks in Syria. Starting off with the use of pathos, Obama begins his speech by using vivid imagery, such as “hospitals overflowing with victims”, “well over 1,000 people were murdered. Several hundred of them were children” and “young girls and boys gassed to death by their own government”. Through this pictorial rhetoric, Obama gives a strong visual impression to make the issue more tangible than it had originally been shown in the news. With this form of speaking, he immediately establishes the purpose for his argument. Further in Obama’s speech he injects the strength and positivity back into the nation by switching his narrative from 1,000 people being murdered, to America being able to overcome tragedies such as this one. For example, Obama states “I’ve long believed that our power is rooted not just in our military might, but in our example as a government of the people, by the people, and for the people”. Rather than simply saying the power is in the people, he instead uses a form of epistrophe to give emphasis that not only is the military capable of solving this issue, but that there is no greater amount of power than when the people of the United States of America come together as a nation and help others in need. The last use of pathos Obama uses in his speech is a way to get to the audience on a personal level. For instance,Obama asks, “what message will we send if a dictator can gas hundreds of children and pay no price?”, “If we won’t enforce accountability in the face of this heinous act, what does it say about our resolve to stand up to others…?” By asking various questions to Congress and the nation as a whole, he implements one factor the people will need to ask themselves if the government cannot effectively take action. Will the people be able to trust in a higher power to be responsible and act on the best interest for the country in order to keep them safe? Obama sends this emotional message to make the people understand that we will do what we say and that we as Americans will stand by the values that define us. The words Obama uses are powerful enough to touch any American. In this way, he uses pathos in his speech to stimulate the audiences emotions. After connecting to the audience on an emotional level, Obama used logos to express the issue that the use of these chemical weapons can have tragic effects globally in a couple ways. He states, ” It endangers our friends and our partners along Syria’s borders, including Israel, Jordan, Turkey, Lebanon, and Iraq… It could lead to an escalating use of chemical weapons.” This thoroughly informs the people that this attack will not just affect Syria itself, but it will cause a growth in terrorist groups that can potentially threaten other allied countries with the start of a war. He proclaimed that failure to get involved with Syria can generate the use of more chemical weapons by dictators. It can mean the difference between keeping other countries safe and at peace or the start of a war that can potentially kill millions of innocent people. The Presidents reasoning for logos was highly effective in influencing the audience that intervening in Syria would be crucial to our security nationally and personally. Throughout Obama’s speech he uses pathos to touch the hearts of the people and also logos to inform the people what actions were taking place and why. To highlight his power as commander in chief he shows the form of ethos to strengthen his credibility.

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