Rhea ShahWallsGifted English29 January 2018 On September 5th of 1995, Hillary Rodham Clinton gave a speech at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. At this conference, she spoke of the issues of women specifically in China itself, as well as in other third world countries.  Clinton claims that her responsibility as a woman of privilege is to make a difference in the lives of women who were less empowered than her. She refers back to past conferences, such as the last World Conference on Women in Nairobi, when speaking of past achievements. Clinton speaks of the many struggles that women had to face from rape, to mistreatment, in the workplace and in the home. Claims of her normality as well as stories of her experience with struggling women all over the world appear frequently in Clinton’s speech. She also appeals to the emotions of people by talking about the pain of women with less privilege and goes on to talk about the need for women’s equality and treatment. She repeats points of mistreatment of women to show emphasis of the issues that are self evident. Clinton’s speech is successful as it brings awareness to the issue of women’s rights from Beijing itself to countries all over the world.When Clinton speaks of the struggles of women, she often refers to herself as one of the individuals in the group of people struggling against the suppression of women. She normalizes herself in order to make people reading her speech believe that she is one of them: “We share a common future, and we are here to find common ground so that we may help bring new dignity and respect to women and girls”(Clinton). By using “we share” and “common” in her speech, Clinton allows herself to look like an average person fighting for rights. She makes it so that everyone reading her speech, both at the conference and not, is able relate to her and her viewpoint. By making herself easily understood and relatable, rather than the president’s wife, Clinton seemed like a regular woman taking action, but with just slightly more influence. She is also able to make herself seem like part of the public when she speaks about moving forward and facing the problems in society: “We must move beyond recognition of problems to working together, to have the comment efforts to build that common ground we hope to see”(Clinton). By using the mutual “we” and “together”, as well as “common” she is able to make the fight for women’s rights all over the world a team, and that too, a team that she is part of. By doing so, she is able to emphasize the teamwork involved in doing something powerful on the behalf of women everywhere. Not only does Clinton use words to make sure that she is part of the whole movement, she also makes it very clear that even though she is of a higher status in her country and in the world, she is still very much a part of the movement. She addresses the worry of her being of another class and not truly experiencing the suppression by stating that her status and ability to see what is wrong as a representative of the government makes her more of a candidate for fighting for what women deserve: ” I’ve had the opportunity to learn more about the challenges facing women in my own country and around the world…Those of us who have the opportunity to be here have the responsibility to speak for those who could not… I speak for them, just as each of us speaks for women around the world”(Clinton). By using “opportunity”, “responsibility” and “speak for them”, Clinton addresses her access to a platform as a positive way to get her point across instead of a way to be separated from the rest of the women in the unrest for equality. She was able to use her status as a political figure as a way to make a movement for women’s rights while also assuring her equality to the regular public. Clinton appeals to the emotional factor of the strive for women’s equality by mentioning the realistic struggles of women. She spoke of the bare necessities of human rights and how even those are difficult to receive. She talks about how the issue of education and basic necessities such as jobs and healthcare are a struggle to: ” issues that matter most in our lives…access to education, health care, jobs…the chance to enjoy basic legal and human rights and to participate fully in the political life of our countries”(Clinton). Clinton using this as an emotional appeal is shown as she reiterates the struggle and angry need for basic human rights and how women shouldn’t have to fight for rights considering that they are actually human. She goes on to make her famous line “human rights are women’s rights and women’s rights are human right” (Clinton), which shows her expression of need for an equal balance of rights, as they shouldn’t be fought over. Clinton also mentions the issues of women and how they frequently are ignored. She speaks of the government’s oblivion to the hard work of women in the community, even though she was in a position in the government: “Yet much of the work we do is not valued — not by economists, not by historians, not by popular culture, not by government leaders”(Clinton). By talking about the issue of “not being valued” by “economists” and “government leaders” she speaks from a heated standpoint as she understands the anger of the common people, even though she is far from that. Clinton also uses the stories of her experience when talking about the things women must sacrifice for basic equality. She uses examples of women she’s met as a way to make her case. She talks about the things these women have done and sacrificed for themselves, their work, and their families: “had the opportunity to learn more about the challenges facing women…women in South Africa who helped lead the struggle to end apartheid and are now helping to build a new democracy…create a livelihood for themselves and their families…Belarus and Ukraine who are trying to keep children alive in the aftermath of Chernobyl”(Clinton). Clinton emphasizes the impact of what women are doing in other countries as a way to empower other women to do the same. She refers to “creating a livelihood” and “build a new democracy” as a way to contrast the extent to what the women were fighting for. By doing this, she is able to show that women are helping with both the domestic and political aspects of their countries. By using these stories, she is able to make people connect to them, which also connects to emotional appeals.Lastly, Clinton uses repetition to emphasize the importance of the issues that are being faced. She uses the necessity of human rights as a proof of violation when girls are killed or injured in situations of abuse. She talks about issues faced in third world countries as well as first world countries when talking about crimes committed against women, as she speaks of traditions and statistics that are what interfere with a woman’s rights: “It is a violation of human rights when women are doused with gasoline and burned to death because their marriage dowries are deemed too small…It is a violation of human rights when a leading cause of death worldwide among women ages 14 to 44 is the violence they are subjected to in their own homes…It is a violation of human rights when women are denied the right to plan their own families”(Clinton). By repeating “it is a violation of human rights”, Clinton makes it clear that such violations are a violation of human rights in general. By saying “human rights” rather than “women’s rights”, she implies that women are to be treated like humans rather than slightly separated. By using repetition she is able to get the point across without implying women are deserving of separate rights. She connects this to an emotional as well as a logical appeal, as the examples of acts of hate committed against women are emotional imagery, and the use of “the leading cause of death” allows Clinton to make a logical appeal to why women deserve rights rather than just using emotion to appeal to it. Hillary Clinton’s speech at the UN’s Fourth World Conference on Women shows her profound ability to empower women throughout the world, as she conveyed her message by using strong diction and semi-persuasive techniques to show women their worth and rights in the world. Through her speech, Clinton was able to use reason and emotion as well as experience and unity to persuade her audience of women and men alike that women’s rights are the same as human rights and that they should be provided without hesitation.

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