Robert Penn Warren Essay, Research Paper

Robert Penn Warren, born in Guthrie, Kentucky in 1905, was one of the 20th century & # 8217 ; s most high American authors. He was a distinguished novelist and poet, literary critic, litterateur, short narrative author, and coeditor of legion text editions. He besides a founding editor of The Southern Review, a diary of literary unfavorable judgment and political idea. The primary influences on Robert Warren & # 8217 ; s calling as a poet were likely his Kentucky boyhood, and his relationships with his male parent and his maternal gramps. As a male child, Warren spent many hours on his gramps & # 8217 ; s farm, absorbing narratives of the Civil War and the local baccy wars between agriculturists and jobbers, the topic of his first novel, Night Riders. His gramps, Thomas Gabriel Penn, had been a calvary officer in the Civil War and was well-read in both military history and poesy, which he sometimes recited for Robert.Robert & # 8217 ; s male parent was a banker who had one time had aspirations to go a attorney and a poet. Because of economic problems, and his duty for a household of stepbrothers and sisters when his male parent died, Robert Franklin Warren forsook his literary aspirations and devoted himself to more moneymaking businesses.Robert Warren did non ever have aspirations to go a author, in fact, one of his earlier dreams was to go an adventurer on the high seas. This phantasy might hold so come approximately, for his male parent intended to acquire him an assignment to Annapolis, had it non been for a childhood accident in which he lost sight in one of his eyes.Warren was an outstanding pupil but there were besides many books at place, and he savored reading. His male parent at one clip aspired to be a poet. His gramps Penn, with whom he spent much clip when he was immature, was an exceeding narrator and greatly influenced immature Red. But both of these work forces whom he loved had in some sense failed to accomplish. By contrast, Warren was determined to accomplish, to be successful.During his college old ages at Vanderbilt, the sense of being physically maimed, every bit good as the fright sympathetic sightlessness in his staying good oculus became about unbearable.At Vanderbilt University he met Allen Tate, John Crowe Ransom, Donald Davidson, and others interested in poesy. As portion of The Fugitives, a private group that met off campus, he delved profoundly into poesy, and his first verse forms were published in their ephemeral quarterly. Warren had a singular capacity for friendly relationship, and he was in touch with these work forces all of their lives. For old ages Tate was & # 8220 ; first critic & # 8221 ; of his poesy. After graduating from Vanderbilt in 1925, he took a Master & # 8217 ; s Degree from the University of California at Berkley. After sing Yale University, he moved to Oxford as a Rhodes bookman, where he wrote his first book: John Brown: The Making of a Martyr in 1929. & # 8220 ; Red & # 8221 ; Warren, as he was known to his friends, married Emma Brescia in 1930, a matrimony which ended in divo

rce 20 years later. In the last several years of that period, Warren was penned with depression and a lack of new material. His period of dissolution did not end until his second marriage to Eleanor Clark in 1952.Warren received many honors including a Pulitzer Prize for the fiction All the King’s Men, 1946: This novel illustrating a powerful Southern governor resembling the Louisiana politician Huey P. Long. . He also produced his complex World Enough and Time, based on the Kentucky hanging of Jeremiah Beauchamp for murder in 1826. The research he done for this book was done at the Library of Congress during the time he was Poetry Consultant there. In this research, he uncovered the sorbid tale of Lilburne Lewis, Thomas Jefferson’s nephew, who chopped a young slave girl to pieces with a meat ax. Robert struggled to convert the account of the murder into a long dramatic poem, which was to emerge at last in 1953 as Brother to Dragons: A Tale in verse and Voices, one of the most distinctive long poems in American literature.Warren’s marriage to Eleanor and the births of their two children, Rosanna and Gabriel, brought new life into his writing. After the Pulitzer Prize-winning Promises: Poems 1954-1956, dedicated to his children, Warren produced several more novels and a steady stream of poetry. He also wrote his other Pulitzer Prize-winning collection of poems, Now and Then: Poems, in 1978. He is still known to be the only writer to win a Pulitzer in both categories. He also received the prestigious National Medal Now and Then and the Bollingen Prize for Poetry, a MacArthur Prize “genius” grant, and was named the country’s first Poet Laureate in 1986.Warren’s long record of achievement in American poetry can hardly be equaled in either quantity or quality. In his earlier years, during which, he was an admirer of innovators such as T.S. Elliot and by the revival of interest in seventeenth century poetry. In these years, he produced the best adaptations of the Metaphysical style of any of his contemporaries.One perceptive critic said that, “Warren’s own life, his own story, would become partly at least that of an exile telling stories about his homeland.” In talking about his work Warren noted: “I am a creature of this world but I am also a yearner. I would call this temperament rather than theology-I haven’t got any gospel. That is, I feel an immanence of meaning in things, but I have no meaning to put there that is interesting or beautiful.” He continued to deal with timeless themes, and his late poetry is considered among his best. Late in life Warren said: “I’m a naturalist. I don’t believe in God. But I want to find meaning in life. I refuse to believe it’s merely a dreary sequence of events. So I write stories and poetry. My work is my testimony . . . I want to give myself in sacrifice of some sort. To participate in the common body of human life . . . my poetry lets me do that, but that sounds so trite to say.”

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