Rome Essay, Research Paper

Between the first and 4th centuries Christianity bit by bit became the predominating faith of Rome. The load of how to react to this new faith was placed upon the Roman authorities. Many male monarchs or emperors of the Romans responded to Christianity in a different manner. Over this big sum of clip Christianity fought its manner into the Black Marias and psyches of the Roman people. Through the first general persecution of Christians by Decius in 250 A.D. to the transition of the emperor to Christianity by Constantine, it was merely a affair of clip before Christianity came to the head.

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In Rome from 17 A. D. to 69 A. D. the Julio-Claudian dynasty began. It began under the regulation of Tiberius from ( 17-37 ) . During Tiberius reign Pontius Pilate condemned Jesus of Nazareth to Death in the Roman state of Judea created from the Judaic Kingdom Judah. Jesus of Nazareth, the boy of God harmonizing to Christianity, was alive during a troubled period when Roman regulation aroused feelings of choler. This feeling of choler in Judaea was an idle scene for the ministering of Jesus ( Holmes 68 ) . The Christians were believed to hold been cabaling against the Roman Government and were hence persecuted by governors and local governments, but no major persecution took topographic point.

From 37-41 A. D. Caligula ( Gaius ) became swayer of Rome. During his younger old ages Caligula had been secluded at the island of Capri and hence had non been trained suitably to go the male monarch of Rome. He was wholly unprepared for such a challenge. As his reign began he foremost brought back all of the Augustian ideals that made former swayer Augustus so popular. He promised to work with the Senate and the elections would return to the people. He besides promised that there would be no unpopular revenue enhancements. However, after lasting a near-death unwellness Caligula revoked his promises for Rome and became power-crazy. At times he would throw excessive parties that would consume Rome s financess. This led him to taxing everything to seek and raise more money for Rome. This power led him to believe that he was a God and he killed anything that attempted to excel him ( Joy 132 ) . He ended all senatorial powers and ground forcess believing that the Senate was deriving more power than he was. He had two temples built for him due to his position of himself as a divinity. His declaration of himself as a God caused major recoil in Judea and finally led to his assasination in 40 A. D. ( Holmes 133 ) Caligula s reign as emperor was the first marks of Roman faith being questioned. His belief of himself as a divinity corrupted the Roman authorities and the faith.

Nero was the Roman Emperor from 54-68 A. D. He blamed the Christians in Rome for a ferocious fire that started at Circus Maximus and lasted for nine yearss. He used the Christians as whipping boy for his privation to reconstruct Rome. He viciously persecuted many Christians after this fire ( Gibbons 230 ) . Many Christians were torn to pieces by Canis familiariss while others were lit on fire to illume up his parties at dark. This was the first of barbarous persecution of Christians.

Christianity began as a Judaic religious order that was popular among non-jewish people who felt attracted to the Judaic faith ( Joy 139 ) . Differences in beliefs caused the Christians non to take part in the Major Jewish rebellion of 66-70 against Roman governments. Shortly afterwards, Christianity began to distribute due to their ejection from the Jewish community. Slaves and adult females were rapidly attracted

to Christianity because of its position of equality.

Christianity was get downing to do impacts on the Roman society. It was at this point being recognized as a rapidly turning faith. But, due to the unrebellious nature of Christianity, Christians were forced to take part in worship of the Roman province Supreme beings and the emperor cults in the military cantonments and in administrative maps ( Joy 142 ) . This caused the Christian faith to take a backseat to Roman Imperialism during the flavian dynasty and the epoch of five good emperors. During these periods Rome was in a province of prosperity and successful conflicts against environing countries. The five good emperors ; Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius ruled in Rome from 96-180 A.D. They were able to win cooperation and support from the Senate. All of these emperors were successful in their reign. They brought Rome into an age of imperialism.

The 3rd century marked a period of political instability, military crisis, economic crisis, and societal turbulence ( Whatmough 322 ) . In 249 Decius was appointed emperor of Rome after get the better ofing and killing King Phillip at a conflict in Lower Danube. Trying to reconstruct the stableness of Rome, and the virtuousnesss of old Rome, he commanded all citizens of the imperium show their trueness to province Gods and his Godhead reign through public forfeit ( Blois 227 ) . Decius so set up sacrificial committees that were to enter all records of those citizens who performed forfeits. The citizens that refused to take part were considered a menace to spiritual integrity in the Roman Empire. Those who did non collaborate were capable to collar, imprisonment, and executing. In the constitution of these regulations Decius began Rome s foremost general persecution of Christians. At this point in clip there were Christians at all societal category degrees. Decius persecution had a annihilating impact on the Christian community. Many Christians recanted and performed the forfeits, many others bought false paperss and to avoid persecution, others fled. ( Joy 154 ) Those who did decline to execute the forfeits were imprisoned, tortured, and finally executed. Decius was besides combating against the Goths in lower Danube during this persecution of Christians. In the summer of 251 Decius was killed in a conflict against the Goths. This ended the general persecution of Christians in that period of clip.

became a Christian province. The Church and the province besides begin to work closely together due to the execution of Christianity. Many Roman emperors responded negatively to Christians and used them as whipping boies to Rome s jobs. Other swayers merely ignored Christianity and went about governing the province. As Christianity gained popularity it was merely a affair of clip before it came to power as the predominating faith of ancient Rome.

Plants Cited

Blois, De L, Spek Der Van R.J. An Introduction to the

Introduction to the Ancient World. New York, NY: Routledge.

Gibbon, Edward. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

New York: Hurst & A ; Co. publishing houses, 1964.

Holmes, Rice T. The Roman Republic and the laminitis of the

Empire. New York: Russell & A ; Russell, 1923.

Joy, Richard James. Rome and the Making of Modern Europe.

New York: The Chautaugua Century Press, 1921.

Whatmough, Joshua. The Foundations of Roman Italy.

London: Methuen & A ; Co. Ltd. , 1937

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