Seneca Indian Tribe Essay, Research Paper
ALLIES AND ENEMIES
Seneca are among the most well-thought-of and feared. The Seneca are culturally similar to their Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, an Mohawk Confederates. The five folks were known as the Five States or the League of Five Nations. Sometime between 1715 and 1722 the Tuscaroras from North Carolina joined the Confederacy and changed the name to the Six Nations.
In their dealingss with white colonists the Seneca played the function of an independent power and were this manner from the really start. During the colonial period they held the balance of power between the French and English. Particulary around the Canadian boundary line. The Seneca opposed the extension of Gallic colony due souths from Canada, and were responsible for bar the English settlements from being forced on the West by the Gallic.
During the American Revolution the Seneca sided with the British.
Each town in the folk contained several long, bark covered communal houses that had both tribal and political significance. Inside each house several households lived in semi-private suites or countries and the centre countries were used as societal and political meeting topographic points. They lived in scattered small towns that were organized by a system of matrilineal kins.
A calendar rhythm of ceremonials reflected their agricultural, hunting, and assemblage. The work forces hunted, cleared Fieldss, traded and made war. The adult female gathered assorted wild works nutrients and tended gardens.
They had a great agricultural economic system. Their adult male harvest was maize, but they besides grew Cucurbita pepos, beans, baccy, maize, squash and subsequently on they grew orchard fruits like apples and Prunus persicas.
Trades were besides made. All right clayware, splint baskets, mats of maize chaff and used boodle as a medium of exchange.
FAMOUS TRIBE MEMBERS
There were many celebrated Indians from the Seneca folk.
Ely S. Parker- His Indian name was Donehogawa. He was a Seneca Indian of the Wolf kin. Parker served under President Ulysses S. Grand on the Board of Indian Commissioners. For a piece he lived in the Canadian forests under traditional Iroquoian manner. Parker served as military secretary to General Grant. Parker came under onslaught in an probe in the Bureau of Indian Affairs about corruptness. Government records say he was thrown out he had truly resigned his place. Parker was besides the writer of a book called The Character of Grant.
Red Jacket- Red Jacket was a Seneca head know for his strong personality, and political astuteness. Sagoyewatha was his Indian name. He had the ability to remain uncommitted even in crises like John Sullivan & # 8217 ; s foraies on Iroquois colonies in 1779. He greatly opposed land gross revenues to colonists, but to derive his people & # 8217 ; s support he in secret sold land to maintain regard among the white people. When the Seneca were put into the Revolutionary War in support of the British, Red Jacket proved to be a really unenthusiastic warrior. He earned himself the name Red Jacket from have oning the British & # 8217 ; s ruddy coat. During the War of 1812 he fought on the American side against the British.
Cornplanter- Cornplanter was a celebrated Seneca Indian head and solon, who during the American Revolution led his warriors against the settlers in many of import runs. He was stepbrother of the Seneca prophesier Handsome Lake. Cornplanter finally accepted the result on the war and became a great protagonist of the United States.
The Seneca Indians were an Iroquoian speech production North American Indian folk. The were traditionally populating between the Geneses River and Seneca Lake in what is now New York State.
The Seneca were in a conference called the Six Nations. The other members were Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora. The day of the month that the folk formed is unknown although it is believed to be in the early sixteenth century. Harmonizing the Iroquois legend the conference was founded by Deganawidah, a leader of high position. He had persuaded the original Five Nations to give up intertribal warfare marked by bloody feud and cannibalism.
The prophesier Hiawatha who was Deganawidah & # 8217 ; s spokesman traveled among the five folks in an effort to unite them. His continuity was successful and when the folk united it was about an invulnerable political confederation until it & # 8217 ; s prostration during the American Revolution. Warfare and foraies against tribes outside of the conference gave chances for immature Iroquois warriors the earn prestigiousness and award.
The gaining of economic and political advantages were merely of a 2nd importance to the folks. Finally though covering with the British, Gallic and the settlers the conference Lashkar-e-Taiba opposing parties fight against one another while they attacked neighbouring enemy folks for economic and territorial additions. Before the prostration of the conference in the late eighteenth century the Iroquois conference dominated land as far West as the Mississippi River.
The conference was modeled after household, kin, and community organisations. They were non merely to unify its members through symbolic dealingss but to keep peace through single folk members.
HISTORY ( con & # 8217 ; T )
The conference had a Grand Council. It was made up of 50 members, who were life- appointed males, or peace heads. They were nominated by the caput adult female of each folk. The Onondaga consisted of 14 members, the Cayuga 10, the Oneida and Mohawk each had 9 and the Seneca with 8. The council members were responsible for maintaining peace within the folks, stand foring the conference to foreigners, and be aftering tribal activities in warfare against nonmembers.
Major determinations were reached the unanimity because of unequal folk representation. Any member of the Grand Council could be thrown out by impeachment from his folk & # 8217 ; s headwoman. Many historiographers say that the democratic organisation of the Iroquois League could hold been used as a theoretical account for the shapers of the United States Constitution.
Today & # 8217 ; s members of the Seneca live at the Tonawanda, Allegany, and Cattaraugas militias in New York, and at the Six Nations Reserve near Brantford, Ontario.
The Seneca Indians. Who were they and what did they make? Who were their friends and enemies? The history of the Iroquoian folk is of great importance to the history of our state. How they participated in our wars and who they had sided for could hold determined the result and the ways of our state.
The Seneca Indians were a great folk. Through themselves and five other folks they formed the Six Nations. The Six Nations were an about never-say-die kin. They participated in the Revolutionary War and in the colonial wars. The tested to maintain the Gallic from coming down from Canada into the now United States.
The Seneca had a great agricultural and runing economic system. The work forces and adult females each had specific occupations they were to make in order to maintain things running.
The Seneca was the folk that was the most intensely studied by the white people. It is besides believed that their democratic ways were an influence on the authors of the United States Constitution.
Many of the celebrated Indians came from the Seneca folk. Some were Red Jacket, Ely S. Parker and Cornplanter. There were besides many others from their conference folks, the Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and subsequently joiners the Tuscarora.