Shylock Essay, Research PaperUnderstanding the beliefs of a different civilization is frequently hard. From birth, people are surrounded with cultural values and traditions that are shortly accepted as normal.
It may frequently be disputing to grok another civilization s beliefs without instantly judging their civilization as a whole, hence being prejudiced. Set in the late nineteenth century, Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, the battle of the Ibo of Nigeria is explained as we learn about their alone civilization. Women play a function that in our society today would be considered flagitious. They are thought of as lame and are ordered around as if they were nonmeaningful slaves. Throughout the novel, Achebe demonstrates the deficiency of regard for adult females and mistreatment of them, but manages to portray adult females, as female parents, in the highest respect.
The chief character, Okonkwo, is one of the many to mistreat his married womans. He has legion married womans who are frequently mistreated from the beginning of the book. Okonkwo gets ferocious when one of his married womans asks a simple inquiry about the length of Ikemefuna s stay ( a immature chap given to Okonkwo s folk ) corrupting her and shouting. Later in the book, Okonkwo beats his youngest married woman when she fails to cook diner and alternatively visits with her friend during the Week Of Peace. He beat her to a great extent. In his choler he had forgotten that it was the Week of Peace It was unheard of to crush person during the sacred hebdomad. ( p. 29-30 ) Soon after, he beats his 2nd married woman for naming him one of those & # 8220 ; guns that ne’er shot.
& # 8221 ; Wife whipping is accepted in the Ibo society, but Okonkwo is forcing the envelope when it comes to his intervention of adult females. A large portion of his violent actions are triggered by his paranoia of being seen every bit weak as his male parent one time was. The remainder is largely due to his short pique.Okonkwo positions adult females as weak and incapacitated existences. Other than the regard given for being a female parent, adult females, in the Ibo civilization, receive about no esteem.Okonkwo expects different things from work forces and adult females. He expects for work forces to go extremely well-thought-of, rich, and obeyed.
However, he views a adult female s best possible to be an obedient female parent. Achebe shows us Okonkwo s beliefs through what he says and in the long-run manner that he raises his kids. The discrepancies in his manner of raising his kids harmonizing to their sex demo his stereotyped thoughts. He says that, She [ Ezinma ] should hold been a male child. ( p. 64 ) . She had the proper spirit, but her gender ruined all possibilities of success, at least in the eyes of Okonkwo. He pushes his boy, Nwoye, to go less feminine and more brave and strong.
Okonkwo s positions on sex all add to the bigger image of why he acts the manner he does. He basically detests anything the slightest spot feminine, merely because he doesn T privation to be seen as his male parent was. Okonkwo viewed his male parent as a girlish idler. Okonkwo did everything he could to get away that position.
Fortunately, in Ibo civilization, a adult male s personal success is non based at all on that of his male parent s, as it was in many other early civilizations.In the Ibo society, work forces hold the place of power in the place and the community. The writer illustrates this by demoing how adult females of the society were expected to function their hubbies. In the Ibo society, each dark the married womans of the work forces prepare their part of the nutrient that is to be brought to their hubbies by their kids. Okonkwo was sitting on a goatskin already eating his first married woman s repast He uncovered his 2nd married woman s dish and began to eat from it. Obiageli took the first dish and returned to her female parent s hut. And so Nkechi came in, conveying the 3rd dish. Nkechi was the girl of Okonkwo s 3rd married woman.
( p. 44-45 ) Within the household, the work forces were the suppliers. Although the adult females participated in some agriculture, the work forces were responsible for the rule harvest, yams.Although adult females in general are portrayed as weaker and less of import than work forces, female parents have a special position in the civilization. In the same manner that being able green goods good yam harvests was a mark of one s manfulness – a adult female was defined by her ability to bring forth kids, peculiarly boies. At the nuptials of Obierika’s girl, the male parent of the bride expresses this importance as he states, We are giving you our girl today. She will be a good married woman to you.
She will bear you nine boies like the female parent of our town. ( p. 117 ) In the giving of the bride he feels it necessary to state the suer s household that their boy will hold many kids.
A adult female s individuality was tied closely to her kids. Womans were normally referred to in the book as the girl of or the female parent of, alternatively of being given a name. To bring forth a male kid was much more favourable than giving birth to a girl. The adult females in the civilization who are looked down upon for non being able to bring forth many kids feel the consequence and experience the deficiency of regard that is given to them. Nwoye s mother celebrated the birth of her three boies with banqueting and music.
Ekwefi was the lone individual in the happy company who went about with a cloud on her forehead. ( p. 79 ) Ekwefi was merely able to bring forth one kid who was able to populate past the age of three, so she feels ashamed for non being able to hold the figure of kids needed to gain the regard of her people. As if it was non bad plenty, her merely populating kid was a girl.Additionally, a female parent was valued for her nurturing abilities. It s true that a child belongs to it s father. But when a male parent beats his kid, it seeks understanding in its female parent s hut. A adult male belongs to his homeland when things are good and life is sweet.
But when there is sorrow and resentment he finds safety in his fatherland. ( p. 134 ) In the Ibo society, the female parent is the individual who brings comfort.
She has great regard from her kids because she knows them and they know that when they are in problem with their male parent, they can turn to her for love. She besides knows that when they are in problem subsequently in life they will come to her where she is buried, the fatherland, to seek comfort from her household and community. The female parent represented place, love, comfort and security.The ultimate portraiture of this valuing of maternity is shown in the regard the Ibo people have for Ani, the Earth goddess.
Ani is the female parent of all life. She provides the Ibo people with yams, household, and kids. She decides whether or non the rain will last the appropriate sum of clip so that the yams with grow successfully or whether it will rain for a long clip and destruct their harvests. The Earth and the land were an indispensable portion of Ibo civilization.
Ani besides has great power over both the work forces and the adult females of the Ibo society. The Ibo people show great regard for Ani during The Week of Peace by non making any work and by non bring downing hurting on anyone. If person died during this hebdomad, they were placed in the Forest of the Evil because they had non respected Ani and hence were evil. The penalty given to Okonkwo by the priest is that he has now sacrificed the whole towns good being, that Ani might destruct non merely his household but besides the town. The community was really displeased by Okonkwo s whipping of his married woman because they respected the female parent of the Earth greatly.Despite the small regard given to adult females, the Ibo understand the importance of female parents.
To derive regard as a adult female in Ibo society, you had to be a female parent. Whether you were a female parent of kids or the land, you were shown regard. Even the work forces of this society could non undervalue the illustriousness of adult females s power to make life. In the Ibo civilization, adult females and work forces have many differences.
It is of import to understand the differences between them and non to estrange or maltreat the other group, as were adult females in this novel. Often it is easy to force strong positions of bias upon the minority, or weaker group. Showing this apprehension is important to hold a functional, non-prejudiced civilization.