Sigmund Freud Essay, Research Paper
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A Subject: 033: Science: Psychology
A Title: Sigmund Freud
documents = Runing Head: Sigmund Freud: Psycho-Analysis
Sigmund Freud: Psycho-Analysis
Troy State University
Sigmund Freud & # 8217 ; s positions continue to act upon the modern-day patterns of many
psychologists today. Many theories of psychological science have been influenced by Freud & # 8217 ; s
psychoanalytic method. Many of his basic constructs are still used by many theoreticians.
Kno Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiburg, a rural town near Ostrau in
northeasterly Moravia. The town of Freiburg subsequently became Pribor and was finally
absorbed into the modern province of Czechoslovakia. Freud & # 8217 ; s father Jakob Freud was a
Jewi In 1878 he changed his name from Sigismund to Sigmund. He obtained his
doctor’s degree in medical specialty in March of 1881, and worked as a research helper at the
Institute of Physiology under Ernst Brucke, with neurology as his chief focal point. In 1882
Freud did On April 25, 1886, Freud opened up his first neurologist office in Vienna. In
September of the same twelvemonth he married Martha Bernays. The matrimony between the
two produced six kids and was really successful. In 1887 Martha gave birth to
Freud & # 8217 ; s fi vitamin E studied the significance of certain upsets. In that same twelvemonth Freud was
appointed an associate professor of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of
Vienna. ( Jones, 1970 ) .
Freud decimated much clip in his work. He held curative Sessionss with patients
up to 12 hours a twenty-four hours and continued his plants till the late hours in the forenoon. He
gave legion talks, foremost in the United States in 1909 at the University of Wo In
Freud & # 8217 ; s book A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis he makes a basic
premise. & # 8220 ; We Know two sorts of things about what we call our mind ( or mental
life ) : foremost, its bodily organ and sense of action, the encephalon ( or nervous system ) and, on
ost of import throughout life. Under the influence of the existent universe a part of the Id
has undergone development. Freud suggests because of birth there is now get downing
to develop an intermediate between the Id and the external universe. Freud named this
The chief features of the Ego are that it has voluntary motion at its
bid. It has the undertaking of self saving. It besides preforms the undertaking of going
aware of stimulation, & # 8220 ; by hive awaying up hive awaying up experiences about them ( in memory ) , ed
from consciousness. Denial is another defence mechanism that distorts what an
single thinks or feels. Reaction formation is a defence against a threatening
impulse and so to show the opposite urge. Projection is taking 1s ain Acts of the Apostless
of unacc up positive traits for certain failings. There is a sum of 11 Ego
defence mechanisms. These mechanisms are at that place so the Ego will non be
overwhelmed by anxiousness. The Ego gives up its connexion in the external universe in the
province of slumber. Accor The Ego has to postulate with now a 3rd power known as the
Super Ego. The relationship between the Ego and the Super Ego is traced back to
the persons parental influences harmonizing to Freud. & # 8220 ; This parental influence of
class includes in its op The 2nd half of Freud & # 8217 ; s book A General Introduction to
Psycho-Analysis trades with inherent aptitudes and dream analysis. Freud believes that the
power of the Id expresses the true intent of the person. This consists of the
single & # 8217 ; s demands. Howev s besides known as the love inherent aptitude, or the libido. The
biological maps of the two basic inherent aptitudes operate against each other or unite
with each other. ( Laplanche, 1987 ) & A ; ( Freud, 1924 ) .
Freud besides suggests that every bit long as an instinc
T operates internally it will stay soundless
and is merely noticed when it is forced outward as an inherent aptitude of devastation. An illustration
of this is the decease inherent aptitude. Freud states that aggressive inherent aptitudes There is no inquiry
that the libido steams to the Ego from assorted variety meats and parts of the organic structure. For
illustration through sexual stimulation. The erotogenic zones are known as the most
prominent, and Freud even suggests that the whole organic structure is an erotog Freud besides
suggests that there are certain phases to the development of personality. First is the
unwritten phase. The unwritten phase goes from birth to the terminal of the first twelvemonth. It produces the
sucking physiological reaction in agencies to bring forth pleasance. In this partic sh him by emasculation. This
is known as the Oedipus composite. The female phallic phase is known as the Electra
composite where she discovers the absence of a phallus and develops phallus enviousness. The
4th phase is the latency phase. During this phase the major Freud besides believes that
dreams in an unconscious province have hidden significance. In The beginnings of
depth psychology: Letterss to Wilhelm Fliess, bill of exchange and notes, Freud discusses a dream
by a patient known merely as & # 8220 ; E & # 8221 ; :
& # 8220 ; I suppose that this is a wish dream, & # 8221 ; said E. & # 8220 ; I dreamed that, merely as I
arrived at my house with a lady, I was arrested by a police officer, who
requested me to acquire into a passenger car. I demanded more clip to set my
personal businesss in order, and so on. It was in the forenoon after I had spent the
dark with this lady. & # 8221 ; – & # 8220 ; Were you horrified? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; No. & # 8221 ; & # 8221 ; Do you cognize
what you were charged with? & # 8221 ; – & # 8220 ; Yes. With holding killed a kid. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Has
that any connexion with world? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; I was one time responsible for the
abortion of a kid ensuing from an matter. I dislike believing about it. & # 8221 ; –
& # 8220 ; Well, had nil happened on the forenoon before the dream? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Yes,
I woke up and had intercourse. & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; But you took safeguards? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Yes.
By withdrawing. & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Then you were afraid that you might hold made a
kid, and the dream shows you the fulfilment of your wish that nil
should go on, that you nipped the kid in the bud. You made usage of
the feeling of anxiousness that arises after a sexual intercourse of that sort as stuff
For your dream. & # 8221 ; ( Bonaparte, 1950 ) .
Freud suggests that the dream is utilizing patient E & # 8217 ; s frustrated sexual energy to drive a
phantasy of penalty for his matter. Freud besides believes that many inside informations in the
dreams by patients have certain significances, for illustration the memory of a clock
rep In decision, Dr. Sigmund Freud has evidently opened a immense door manner to the
behaviour of the human being. The scientific discipline of psychological science is still really immature and there
is no stating what will be detecting in the hereafter about the human mind. Many of T
Bonaparte, M. , Freud, A. , & A ; Kris, E. ( Eds. ) ( 1954 ) . The beginnings of depth psychology:
Letterss to Wilhelm Fliess, bill of exchange and notes: 1887-1902. ( E. Mosbacher & A ; J. Stachey,
Trans. ) . New York: Basic Books. ( Original work published 1950 ) .
Corey, G. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, ( Fifth Edition ) .
California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, 1996.
Freud, Sigmund. A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis. New York: Pocket
Jones, E. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. New York: Basic Books, 1957.
Laplanche. New foundations for Psychoanalysis. Oxford: Blackwell,1989. ( Original
work published in 1987. )
McGrath, W.J. Freud & # 8217 ; s find of depth psychology: The political relations of craze. Ithaca,
N.Y. Cornell University Press, 1986.
Ricoeur, P. Freud and doctrine ( D. Savage, Trans. ) New York: Yale University
Rudnytsky, P.L. Freud and Oedipus. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.
Schur, M. Freud: Life and deceasing. New York: International Universities Press, 1972.
Sulloway, F.J. Freud, life scientist of the head: Beyond the psychological fable. New
York: Basic Books, 1979.