The intent of this research is to plan and develop schemes of title athleticss in Kurdistan Province-Iran. Here, the descriptive methodological analysis would be applied based upon the instance survey. The Statistical population includes the physical instruction professors, the directors of Physical Education sections, educated managers and M.A pupils in the province.The statistical sample encompasses 32 persons selected wholly due to limited Statistical population. To roll up the informations, we used library resources, literature and background reappraisal, interviews and unfastened every bit good as closed questionnaires. Having developed the closed questionnaire, we had the cogency confirmed by the professors and their dependability was confirmed utilizing Cronbach alpha Coefficient ( a=0/88 ) . For research findings analysis intent, Friedman trial and group treatment were taken into history. After placing the most of import strengths, failings, chances and menaces in the field of title athletics and ranking them in the bing order, we selected most of import 1s through group treatment. Based upon the internal factors evaluation matrix ( 2/29 ) and external factors evaluation matrix ( 2/44 ) , it was shown that the strategic place of the state is in WT country. Finally, sing the research findings, specifically, the strategic position of the state, we would develop the necessary schemes for the title athletics development in the state through group treatment with the state governments and elites.
Cardinal words: Strategy, title athletics, SWOT analysis
The most conspicuous characteristics of developed states is their focal point on direction cognition as a chief beginning of societal and economic development.Due to unpredictable events go oning in recent decennaries, one shall reason that these occurrences would stop up with new demands and requirements.Thus, those demands won`t be satisfied unless one come up with flexible steps in this regard.Hence, in the last 3 decennaries, administrative directions have specifically focused on strategic planning ( 1 ) .Strategic planning is defined as a procedure through which organisations can analyse and acknowledge their external and internal environments.In add-on, strategic planning can, in bend, create schemes to assist achieve pre-determined ends ( 2 ) .Fry and Stoner ( 1995 ) and David ( 1998 ) defined strategic planning as managerial tools designed to help organisations to accommodate themselves with the unannounced alterations in a competitory manner ( 3 ) ( 4 ) .The surveies show that the organisations which take strategic planning into history enjoy better public presentation than their opposite numbers ( 5 ) .Also, sing the public presentation of some athletics entities has revealed that organisations which pursue an affectional direction based on strategic planning to happen their missions and ends are well successful in different athletic and title fields.For case, holding considered strategic planning.China and Australia would successfully advance to higher degrees such that China ranked first in Beijing Olympic games in 2008, whereas it ranked 4th in Atlanta games in 1996.Similarly, Australia would rank 4th in Sidney and Athens Olympic games, while its rank was seventh in Atlanta Olympic games ( 6 ) .There are assorted theoretical accounts as for strategic planning of which SWOT matrix is of practical importance.The matrix of strength, failing, chance and menace countries is considered one of the most important tools help the direction compare the informations so that they can develop 4 types of schemes viz. as SO, OW, ST and WT strategies.Comparing the chief internal and external factors is regarded as the most complicated undertaking of SWOT matrix development.Implementing SO schemes, an organisation tries to do usage of external chances taking advantage of internal strengths.All directors prefer to see internal strengths so as to considerably exploit external processs and events.Generally, to accomplish the afro-mentioned mark, the organisation applies WO, STand WT schemes which, in bend, assist them put to death SO strategies.The intent behind OW schemes is to assist an organisation better its internal failings utilizing the bing chances in the external environment.Implementing ST schemes, an organisation tries to minimise the present menaces in the external environment through its strengths.Also, Sing WT schemes, organisations take defensive place so that they can minimise the internal failings and prevent menaces ensuing from external environment.An organisation confronting internal weaknees and menaces from external environment is in extremely weak place.In fact, it tries to cut down the internal failings and external menaces to bit by bit achieve optimum places in which it can, finally, use ST, OW and even SO schemes. Developing vision and missions is a chief focal point of many strategic be aftering models.A vision is defined as a coveted mentality which is extremely favored in organizations.Peter F.Drucker argues that raising a inquiry like “ Where do we desire to make? ” is an equivalent for a statement like ” What is our vision? “ .A mission implies a intent which is different from an organisation to another one.Peter Drucker, once more, states that a inquiry like ” What is our operation? “ is equal to a sentence as ” What is our mission? ” . ( 7 ) ( 2 ) ( 8 ) .In a strategic program devised for Wales title development in Caerphily-Walse.Mission and vision characterized as:
1 ) Mission: An enterprise to populate up to individuals`needs and outlooks in Caerphily and promote justness through athletics.
2 ) Vision: Paving the manner for every citizen to make athleticss regardless of their motives.Everybody should be granted an equal chance to take portion in rthletic events ( 9 ) .Needless to state, although in recent years.it has attracted a particular attending in Iran, strategic planning hasn`t been earnestly adopted by the authorities.Possibly an option, here, is to develop strategic programs for different states so that their accomplishments, in bend, shall advance our country.Kurdistan state is, among other metropoliss, deprived of a comprehensive and long-range program sing title sport.So the present research tries to see the internal and external environment of Kurdistan-based physical instruction section in footings of title sport.Then, it aims to happen an reply to this inquiry: What are desirable schemes for title athletics development in Kurdistan?
The present research is of descriptive and instance survey type.The statistical population is he physical instruction professors at Kurdistan state, educated managers, athletics direction pupils and the several governments in physical instruction department.The sample was 32 inividuals whom we chose due to limited statistical population.To collect informations, we applied library beginnings, literature reappraisal and background and interview every bit good as pen and closed questionnaires.At foremost, we would interview the several governments in perso in order to find the most of import strengthes, failings, chances and menaces with respect to championship athletics in the province.Some governments weren`t easy available, so we sent them unfastened questionnaires including 4 general inquiries which reflected failings, strengths, chances and menaces in footings of title athletics in the province.Having gathered informations through interviews, unfastened questionnaires and literature reappraisal and background, we conducted a closed questionnaire resembling Likert`s 5-item scale.The questionnaire encompassed 4 subdivisions which the respondents were supposed to value them in footings of both under current and desirable conditions.Having confirmed the questionnaire cogency by the experient professors and its dependability through Cronbach alpha ( 0.88 ) , we handed out them among our statistical population.When gathered, informations was analyzed utilizing SPSS package and Friedman.Ultimately, the failings, strengthes, chances and menaces were specified sing title athletics in the state.
To develop a vision, mission, ends and the coveted schemes for the title athletics in the state, we would set up meetings with the several physical instruction elites and experts.The Kurdistan-based physical instruction department`s vision in footings of title athletics:
-Qualitative portion: To pave the manner for all persons to play athletics regardless of their physical, mental, fiscal, societal, cultural and economic qualities.
-Quantative portion: To advance title athletics in Kurdistan such that it develops as one of the 5 high profile states in sport field:
a ) Motivating the young person to make athleticss
B ) Keeping organized and consistent competitions so as to place the most gifted jocks
degree Celsius ) Dispatching the province`s athletes to national competitions
vitamin D ) Supporting title-holders and medallists
vitamin E ) Enhancing title athletics with an accent on the athletic moralss
The general intent of Kurdistan-based physical instruction section in footings of title athletics is to develop title athletics to take portion in domestic and foreign competitions.In add-on, its long-range ends sing title athletics are as follows:
a ) Increasing both male and female managers figure from 1977 to 300 through a five-year program
B ) Increasing both female and male referees figure from 1093 to 2000 through the 5-year program
degree Celsius ) Hosting title competitions more than of all time ( 15 % )
vitamin D ) Increasing the athletes`s engagement in title athleticss ( 15 % )
vitamin E ) Rising private athletics nines figure from 260 to 500
degree Fahrenheit ) Increasing per capita for the athletics infinites in the state from o.23 s/m to o.5 s/m
g ) Wining 5 international decorations and 10 Asiatic title decorations
Having specified the vision, mission, ends, failings, strengthes, chances and menaces in footings of strategic place of title athletics in the SWOT matrix, we provided internal ( table 1 ) and external ( table 2 ) factors assessment matrixes.To provide the internal factors assessment matrix, we would develop a list of the most of import internal factors ( strengths-weaknesses ) in the matrix taking the several elites and experts`viewpoints and the exising spread between the current and desirable state of affairss into consideration.Then, several elites were asked to give weights and ranks for the related factors.It should be noted that sing the internal and external factors assessment matrix, a weight reflects a individual factor success, while a rank reveals the current schemes effectivity in footings of a reaction directed toward the several factor.Hence, the figure “ 4 ” implies higher reaction ; figure ” 3 ” reflects upper-intermediate reaction ; figure ” 2 ” entails lower-intermediate reaction and eventually figure ” 1 ” shows a weak one ( 7 ) .Ultimately, the entire class was 2.29 screening that the state weaknesses exceeded its strengthes.The same conducted to measure the external factors.The concluding class was 2.44 disclosure that the province`threats surpassed its opportunities.Positioning the concluding classs of both internal and external matrixes into SWOT matrix, we found out that strategic topographic point pf title spport in the state was in the WT country ( figure 1 ) .Having found the strategic topographic point of the state in SWOT matrix and seting it with that of David`s theoretical account ( figure 2 ) every bit good as fixing a strength, failing, opportuniyy and menace matrix, we began to develop the schemes.
Table 2-The matrix of external factors assessment sing title athletics in Kurdistan state
rank ten weight
1 ) The province`s capableness as for pulling athletics touristry
2 ) Enrolling non-native jocks in the provincial squads
3 ) An increasing figure of physical instruction alumnuss
4 ) Making usage of other departments`sport infinites
5 ) Enjoying natural resources like tall mountains and fields
60A comprehensive athletics program as a strategic program
7 ) Following the footfalls of successful states in footings of placing talented jocks
1 ) Unemployment rate among physical instruction alumnuss
2 ) Lack of patronizing companies and entities
3 ) The function of political relations in athletics Fieldss
4 ) The economic jobs in the state
5 ) Abandoning nines due to some jobs as credence at university and making preparation services
6 ) Loans allocated for athletics
7 ) Educational background of medallists
8 ) Abandoning athletics due to economic jobs
Due to its confidentiality, strategic planning for title athletics has rarely been provided in the signifier of articles or other written materials.Hence, we couldn`t successfully acquire the related information refering the literature review.However, there were immense figure of paperss developed for this purpose including strategic programs for parts like Bolsover, Castlereagh, Whitehorse, Sweden, Medway, Caerphily, Norfolk, Brent and Wales.All the paperss shared a general model for straregic planning development in such a manner that, at first, desirable visions and missions had been taken into consideration. ( 10 ) ( 11 ) ( 12 ) ( 13 ) ( 14 ) ( 15 ) ( 16 ) ( 17 ) ( 9 ) ( 18 ) .The present survey, of class, was no exclusion for which vision and mission developed through treatments with the several physical instruction elites and experts in the state in ters of title sport.Then, holding analyzed the internal and external environments, we would develop long-range ends and strategies.Thanks to its considerable intimacy to other countries in the matrix, it shall be concluded that the state topographic point in the matrix isn`t, of class, the weakest one.This can be good understood comparing the SWOT matrix with David`s theoretical account ( figure 2 ) .The theoretical account compartmentalize SWOT matrix into 9 areas.According Thursday the theoretical account, the province`s title athletics topographic point is in the 5th country which enjoys an intermediate topographic point in the matrix.David places the countries 3,5 and 7 into a individual categorization and suggests that, in this instance, one should follow protection and care strategy.Using country “ 9 ” , an organisation shall take advantage of the internal strength to cover with the external threats.Also based on country “ 3 ” , it can minimise or undertake internal weakneses taking external chances into account.Area ” 5 ” ( Kurdistans`championship sport topographic point ) allows the organisation to prehend the chances and strengthes in order to cut down or get the better of failings and threats.Of 12 schemes developed for title athletics publicity in Kurdistan,9 would belong to OW and ST countries which the several physical instruction section could cover with through the bing strengthes and opportunities.In sum, it is concluded that Kurdistan enjoys a extremely considerable possible to advance and thrive.