A 20th-century literary and artistic motion that attempts to show the workings of the subconscious by antic imagination and incongruous apposition of capable affair.

Surrealism, motion in ocular art and literature, booming in Europe between World Wars I and II. Surrealism grew chiefly out of the earlier Dada motion, which before World War I produced plants of anti-art that intentionally defied ground ; but Surrealism ‘s accent was non on negation but on positive look. The motion represented a reaction against what its members saw as the devastation wrought by the “ rationalism ” that had guided European civilization and political relations in the yesteryear and that had culminated in the horrors of World War I. Harmonizing to the major spokesman of the motion, the poet and critic Andr & # 1081 ; Breton, who published “ The Surrealist Manifesto ” in 1924, Surrealism was a agency of reuniting witting and unconscious kingdoms of experience so wholly that the universe of dream and phantasy would be joined to the mundane rational universe in “ an absolute world, a surreality. ” Pulling to a great extent on theories adapted from Sigmund Freud, Breton saw the unconscious as the wellhead of the imaginativeness. He defined mastermind in footings of handiness to this usually untapped kingdom, which, he believed, could be attained by poets and painters likewise.

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The major Surrealist painters were Jean Arp, Max Ernst, Andr & # 1081 ; Masson, Ren & # 1081 ; Magritte, Yves Tanguy, Salvador Dal & # 1085 ; , Pierre Roy, Paul Delvaux, and Joan Mir & # 1091 ; . With its accent on content and free signifier, Surr

ealism provided a major option to the modern-day, extremely formalized Cubist motion and was mostly responsible for perpetuating in modern painting the traditional accent on content.

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Quand l’homme a voulu imiter La Marche, il a chromium & # 1081 ; & # 1081 ; la roue qui Ne ressemble pas & # 1072 ; une jambe. Il a fait ainsi du surr & # 1081 ; alisme sans le savoir.

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SURR & # 1049 ; ALISME. n. m. Automatisme psychique pur par lequel on Se propose d’exprimer [ … ] le fonctionnement R & # 1081 ; el de la pens & # 1081 ; e. Dict & # 1081 ; e de la pens & # 1081 ; e, en l’absence de tout contr & # 1092 ; le exerc & # 1081 ; par la raison, en dehors de toute Pr & # 1081 ; business esth & # 1081 ; tique ou morale.

ENCYCL. Philos. Le surr & # 1081 ; alisme repose sur La croyance & # 1072 ; la r & # 1081 ; alit & # 1081 ; sup & # 1081 ; rieure de certaines formes d’associations n & # 1081 ; glig & # 1081 ; es jusqu ‘ & # 1072 ; lui, & # 1072 ; la toutepuissance du R & # 1082 ; ve, au jeu vitamin D & # 1081 ; sint & # 1081 ; reticuloendothelial system & # 1081 ; de la pens & # 1081 ; vitamin E.

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