The Communist Manifesto is a document written by Karl Marx andFriedrich Engels (1848) in attempt to clarify the philosophy of communism. The introductionto this political tract opens up by giving the reader significant backgroundknowledge about The Communist Manifesto(1848). It lays out the insight on what Marx and Engels was hoping toaccomplish during this time as capitalism was not their idea of things. Asstated “it had only modest impact at the time of its publication in 1848” (Edles,pg.
56). Years later, this political tract now holds great significance in the economicrevolution. Since then, this introduction mentions the relevance and influencethat Marx’s ideas has had over the course of a century (Edles, pg. 57-58).Marx (1848) opens the chapter with the proclamation that bringsabout the idea that socialism was going to replace the capitalist institutions(Marx and Engels 1848). He stated that “the history of all hitherto existingsociety is the history of class struggles” (Marx and Engels, p.
59). Marx(1848) describes this as the “oppressor” and the “oppressed” in opposition witheach other. The Manifesto moves from depicting feudalism to discussing capitalismas a way in which the “bourgeois” (upper class) exploit the “proletariat”(working class).
The second section discusses the relationships betweencommunist and the proletariat. It was argued that they were publicizing a truerepresentation of their interest (Marx and Engels 1848). Marx and Engels (1848)aimed to clarify the intentions of communism in hopes to abolish hired work andprivate properties which are the basic principles of the capitalist system (Marxand Engels 1848).
In the text, they mentioned practical demands such asprogressive tax, free public education and more (Marx and Engles, p. 68). Marx (1848)begins to signify the relationship between communists and opposition movements,which sets apart from socialism. Reflection/Application. When it comes tothe change of the type of economy Marx proposed, I would agree with him thatthe replacement of the capitalist institutions to socialism would eventuallyhappen. This came about as Marx believed that workers, under the capitalistsociety, sold their labor, becoming a commodity. This labor force power createda surplus value for the capitalist but not for the worker. Knowing this, I canadhere to how Marx concluded that this was creating conflict between the workingclass and the ownership class.
From learning the different forms of government,I know that capitalism has a “built in” inequality. Due to this, Marx arguedthat the working class eventually would take power from the ruling class, whichwould reconstruct society. The idea wasthat in the capitalist countries where levels of production was high, theoverthrowing of capitalism in favor of a socialist society would improve majorityof the people. In my opinion, this logic of thinking had some great ideasbehind it.
This would allow public ownership of natural resources and property ratherthan individuals claiming it all for their private use. I would say that the gentlemen’smotives behind this change was for all people in society to contribute to theproduction of services and goods and that those goods will be shared. Both Marxand Engels knew that this wasn’t something that could change immediately, sofrom the beginning they knew that there would still be leftovers of a bourgeoissociety.Iam sure that living in a mixed economy here in the United States will bedifferent if it was 100% socialism. Here I am used to a system that protectsprivate property while allowing a level of economic freedom in the use ofcapital. Constructively the idea that this type of market allows for the governmentto interfere in economic activities in order to achieve social aims is what mygeneration has ever known. This means that a mixed economy isn’t so bad afterall, as it has characteristics of both capitalism and socialism.