Adolescent Pregnancy 3 Essay, Research Paper
Adolescent gestation has become such an issue confronting America that President Clinton has addressed the issue. Statisticss show that every two proceedingss a adolescent gives birth in the United States ( Guernsey 6 ) . This means that at least three 1000 teenage misss become pregnant mundane and about one millione teenagers become pregnant every twelvemonth ( www.teenpregnancy.org ) . Four in 10 adolescent misss become pregnant at least one time before they reach the age of 20. Because of this high figure, the United States has the highest adolescent gestation rate in all of the industrialised universe. In New York province entirely, 61,700 adolescents become pregant each twelvemonth, ranking New York figure 40 two in the U.S. However merely 22,197 of those adolescents go on to hold the babe, go forthing New York figure 14 in adolescents holding a babe every twelvemonth ( www.teenpregnancy.org ) . In the U.S. more than 500,000 teens maintain their babes, 100,000 put them up for a doption, and 450,000 choose to hold an abortion ( Gutman 7 ) .
Sadly, pregnant adolescents in society today are excessively frequently labeled as slatterns. While the bulk of gilrs become pregnant by accident, a little figure become pregnant on intent. These misss feel that they will be loved, or have person to love, or that a losing nothingness in their ife will be filled. Worst of all some misss plan to go pregnant to mend a relationship or to keep on to a fellow. The fact is, if two people are in a unstable, fighting relationship, holding babe will merely convey on more emphasis and convulsion. For the other misss who become pregnant by accident this is due to carelessness, deficiency of knowledege, the it can t go on to me attitude, or merely truly by accident. For many misss, they are under the false pretence thatthey can non go pregnant the first clip they have sex. Not merely is this false, but one out of 20 misss become pregnant the first clip they have sex, and ninty per centum of all adolescent pregancies occur within the first twelvemonth of holding sex ( Guernsey 19-20 ) .
Pregnancy is a really serious state of affairs for adolescents, because immature teenage organic structures are non developed plenty so the organic structures of adult females who are over 20. Due to this, the decease rate is 60 per centum higher among pregnant adolescents under the age of 15 than among older misss and adult females ( Gutman 24 ) . Babies born to adolescents are twice every bit likely to decease before their first birthdays than are the babes that are born to adult females in thier mid-twentiess, besides adolescent babes run a hihger hazard of being born premature or being born with mental and physical disabilities ( Gutman 25 ) . Some adolescents are afraid to state person about their state of affairs, so they do non acquire pre-natal attention which harms both the female parent and the babe.
When a adolescent finds out that she is pregnant, she has three picks: give it up for acceptance, maintain it, or have an abortion. A big figure of these teens choose to hold an abortion. Twenty five per centum of all abortions are among the adolescent age population ( Bender and Leone 58 ) . For many misss this is an easy manner out of a hard state of affairs and they feel that know one will cognize that they do non desire to cognize. For some those feelings stay true, but for others a deep sense of depression falls over them for killing something that they made. For other misss that choose non to maintain the babe but are against abortion, they give the babe up for acceptance. For many misss acceptance is a nerve-racking and bosom breakage experience, after transporting a babe for nine months and so passing it over to aliens, I don t see how it wouldn t be a bosom breakage clip. There are bureaus that allow female parents to maintain in touch with the household, but most misss know that they will ne’er see at that place baby once more. For other misss, they may do all the agreements for acceptance and so after giving birth may alter their heads completly and take on their motherly function.
For the teens that keep the babe, they encounter a really ambitious state of affairs. They have to acquire proper wellness attention for illustration. Many misss are forced to drop out of school and acquire occupations or the male parent of the babe drops out of school to back up his household, if he stays with the female parent. Less than one tierce of teens who have babes finish school before the age of 18 ( www.teenpregnancy.org ) . Once a adolescent has a babe they have to concentrate on person other than themselves, which me
autonomic nervous systems they can non make what they want when they want any longer. Their lives revolve around their babe and its demands. Many single adolescent female parents end up hapless or on public assistance. Every twelvemonth the federal authorities spends about 40 billion dollars to assist teenage female parents ( Flinn & Hauser 15 ) . However for some adolescents watching their babe grow or the bond that they portion is a wages for their difficult work.
An frequently over looked portion of teenage gestation is the function of the male parent. About 1.1 million males father babes every twelvemonth ( Ayer 27 ) . Approximately 10 per centum of male parents marry the female parent of their babe. Some male parents care for their babe and pay child support but do non remain with the female parent, or unhappily some male parents refuse resposibility and do non give support in any manner. A fatherlike function is really of import in kid elevation, so some communities and schools are now get downing plans for teenage male parents and educating male childs about adolescent gestation. Many adolescent male parents may at first experience out of topographic point, scared, and non educated plenty to go a male parent. They may experience that a whole fiscal load is now being placed on them, or that they will non be able to supply for their household. This leads to many male parents jumping out on their duty. Plans are now being designed to give male parents emotional support so that they will be able to manage going a teenage male parent, and to recognize that there are benefits and duties of paternity. As the article states the benefits to kids, households, and society of the committedness of male parents are unchallenged. Therefore, it is worth the clip and attempt of schools and community organisations to implement plans for immature male parents that will enable them to develop into responsible grownups, run into thier duties, and make a coevals of well-nutured and efficaciously educated kids ( www.ed.gov.html ) .
For the unfortunate adolescent that has no support at that place a adolescent gestation houses that house both female parent and kid. Many clinics such as Planned Parenthood give free or low cost attention to female parent and kid and offer services to assist ease the teens clip of confusion. Community-wide adolescent gestation bar attempts are besides underway ( Dryfoos 214 ) . The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregancy was organized in 1996 and is focused on cut downing the rate of adolescent pregnany in the United States, to better the well being of kids and to seek to cut down child poorness.
In decision, adolescent gestation is an issue that should be taken earnestly. With the turning rate of adolescents acquiring pregnant every twelvemonth more stairss should be taken to seek to extinguish adolescent gestation. Possibly these stairss should be educating kids while their younger or a better sense of birth control for teens or showning images of abortions, like they did in my high school. This may be barbarous, but how many people who see the images will desire to acquire this done after they see what it does.Teenagers are utilizing abortions as a manner of birth control, they feel that if they become pregnant there is ever an abortion. Abortions can non be like that. If more teens are serioulsy educated so perchance less teens will be careless and the rate of pregnany will diminish. It might sound pathetic, but possibly parents should truly give the birds and the bees talk, because if kids hear it from their parents they may take sex more earnestly. Some kids have sex to experience cool or merely to suit in. It can non be like that and kids need to be taught that.Teen gestation is a serious hazard for both the female parent and the kid. Many adolescents do non cognize about these hazards and they need to cognize before it is to late and they are stuck in a situtaion that they can non acquire out of. The plans for adolescent male parents are fantastic because they truly tell the male childs how it is. Many male childs do non cognize the hazard of gestation and everything that it entails, these prograns will assist to work with them and perchance frighten them or at least give them a little more cognition. Having a babe will alter a teens whole life and the stairss that are being taken will hopefully work to assist adolescent female parents and male parents and aid to take down the birth rate in teens. There is many books out that show instances of adolescent gestation, they should be read to acquire to cognize the effects that a babe has on a teens life. With the statistics and facts givin, I truly learned so much on adolescent pregancy and hopefully others will to.