The causes of armed conflict, terrorism, extremism and intolerance have not been discussed ad infinitum: while this debate continues, advancement in technology, communication, weaponry and the harmful ideological inculturation of young adults is evident across the globe and act in aid of the proliferation of disunity. Nationalism and ethnocentric structural violence  are on the rise and the world masses are incrementally becoming desensitized to acts of terrorism with victims in the hundreds. Rwanda’s unignorable history of violent ethnic division and peace reclamation through the Judicial system and the Gachacha courts has seen the Sovereign nation declare her first pillar of foreign policy as the promotion of peace, security and stability, thusly she is actively concerned about the state of security of Africa as a whole and the possible solutions to the topic at hand in line with Aspiration 4 of the African Union Agenda 2063 (especially points; 32, 33, 36 and 39)Rwanda boasts the rank of the 9th safest city in the world (as ranked by the World Economic Forum). Her strategies to maintaining peace supersede micro level socio economic and political factors but in essence target key areas of concern in a nation that is still recovering from the 1994 Genocide. Among these are her relations with neighbouring countries; in this respect Rwanda faces the threat of insurgent rebel groups at some of her border regions. These may seek to radicalise her youth through ethnocentric and nationalistic motivations: cross border terrorism remains a key concern of the government that is active in its solution based strategies to prevent this situation. In fact, according to the Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC), “The U.S. department of State has assessed Kigali as being a low-threat location for terrorist activity…”, (2017). Finally, the global phenomenon of cyber terrorism resultant of unmonitored harmful innovation in malware, has its far reaching effects felt in Rwanda with recent incidents of cyber attacks on businesses that have led to fiscal losses. In this regard, Rwanda is actively setting up anti cyber crime units that will strengthen the system of cyber crime detection in the country.REFERENCESOverseas Security Advisory Council – Bureau of Diplomatic Security U.S. Department of State. (2017, April 21). Rwanda 2017 Crime & Safety Report. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from

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