1. Deceptive Language
-“This means that there is a degree of linguistic communication whose intent is to depict an event. There is besides a degree of linguistic communication whose intent is to measure an event. Even more. there is a degree of linguistic communication whose intent is to deduce what is unknown on the footing of what is known. ” ( 243:1 ) 2. Misleading Pictures

-“The image paperss and celebrates the specialnesss of the universe’s infinite assortment. Language makes them comprehendible. ” ( 247:1 ) 3. Media
-“Because clip is so cherished on telecasting. because the nature of the medium favours dynamic ocular images. and because the force per unit areas of a commercial construction require the intelligence to keep its audience above all else. there is seldom any effort to explicate issues in deepness or topographic point events in their proper context. ” ( 250:4 )

Section II: Analysis of rhetorical technique
1. Compare and Contrast
“For ‘showing of’ and ‘talking about’ are two really different sorts of procedures: single images give us the universe as object ; linguistic communication. the universe as thought. ” ( 247:1 ) -To show the differences between the maps of linguistic communication and image. 2. Exemplification

“Manny Freebus is 5’8” and weighs 235 lbs.
Manny Freebus is grossly fat.
Manny Freebus eat excessively much. ” ( 243:1 )
-Use an illustration to demo the differences between depicting. judgment. and inferring statements. 3. Metaphor
-“The inquiry so arises: what do viewing audiences hold to cognize about linguistic communication and images in order to be decently armed to support themselves against the seductions of eloquence…” ( 242:1 ) -Strengthen the tone so readers can
understand the earnestness of the deceptive issue and the importance to be watchful while having information from others.

Section III: Vocabulary
1. Nonlinguistic: non of or associating to linguistic communication or linguistics. “… and here we will include in the treatment non merely the images but all the nonlinguistic symbols that make up a telecasting intelligence show. ” ( 249:2 ) 2. Verisimilitude: the visual aspect of being true or existent.

“Viewers are still vulnerable to misinformation since they will non cognize ( at least in the instance of documentary ) what parts are fiction and what parts are non. ” ( 242:1 ) 3. Re-creation: the action or procedure of making something once more. “All intelligence shows. in a sense. are re-creations in that what we hear and see on them are efforts to stand for existent events. and are non the events themselves. ‘” ( 242:1 )

Section IV: Grammar focal point point
1. Parallelism
-Parallelism is the usage of similar forms of words ( or grammatical signifiers ) to show similar or related thoughts or thoughts of equal importance. Using parallel helps a author high spot or stress information or do a powerful point. -Rule: Individual words should be balanced with individual words. phrases with phrases. clauses with clauses. “If you have a sense of what is of import. you will likely judge most intelligence narratives to be fluff. or nonsensical. or irrelevancies…” ( 246:1 )

Section V: Discussion inquiries
1. Why Postman and Powers say intelligence shows are “re-creations” ? 2. After reading this. will you truly get down to watch intelligence shows carefully and analytically? 3. Both Rich and Postman and Powers use sub-topics in their essays. What are the advantages of utilizing sub-topics?

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