1. Deceptive Language
-“This means that there is a degree of linguistic communication whose intent is to depict an event. There is besides a degree of linguistic communication whose intent is to measure an event. Even more. there is a degree of linguistic communication whose intent is to deduce what is unknown on the footing of what is known. ” ( 243:1 ) 2. Misleading Pictures

-“The image paperss and celebrates the specialnesss of the universe’s infinite assortment. Language makes them comprehendible. ” ( 247:1 ) 3. Media
-“Because clip is so cherished on telecasting. because the nature of the medium favours dynamic ocular images. and because the force per unit areas of a commercial construction require the intelligence to keep its audience above all else. there is seldom any effort to explicate issues in deepness or topographic point events in their proper context. ” ( 250:4 )

Section II: Analysis of rhetorical technique
1. Compare and Contrast
“For ‘showing of’ and ‘talking about’ are two really different sorts of procedures: single images give us the universe as object ; linguistic communication. the universe as thought. ” ( 247:1 ) -To show the differences between the maps of linguistic communication and image. 2. Exemplification

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“Manny Freebus is 5’8” and weighs 235 lbs.
Manny Freebus is grossly fat.
Manny Freebus eat excessively much. ” ( 243:1 )
-Use an illustration to demo the differences between depicting. judgment. and inferring statements. 3. Metaphor
-“The inquiry so arises: what do viewing audiences hold to cognize about linguistic communication and images in order to be decently armed to support themselves against the seductions of eloquence…” ( 242:1 ) -Strengthen the tone so readers can
understand the earnestness of the deceptive issue and the importance to be watchful while having information from others.

Section III: Vocabulary
1. Nonlinguistic: non of or associating to linguistic communication or linguistics. “… and here we will include in the treatment non merely the images but all the nonlinguistic symbols that make up a telecasting intelligence show. ” ( 249:2 ) 2. Verisimilitude: the visual aspect of being true or existent.

“Viewers are still vulnerable to misinformation since they will non cognize ( at least in the instance of documentary ) what parts are fiction and what parts are non. ” ( 242:1 ) 3. Re-creation: the action or procedure of making something once more. “All intelligence shows. in a sense. are re-creations in that what we hear and see on them are efforts to stand for existent events. and are non the events themselves. ‘” ( 242:1 )

Section IV: Grammar focal point point
1. Parallelism
-Parallelism is the usage of similar forms of words ( or grammatical signifiers ) to show similar or related thoughts or thoughts of equal importance. Using parallel helps a author high spot or stress information or do a powerful point. -Rule: Individual words should be balanced with individual words. phrases with phrases. clauses with clauses. “If you have a sense of what is of import. you will likely judge most intelligence narratives to be fluff. or nonsensical. or irrelevancies…” ( 246:1 )

Section V: Discussion inquiries
1. Why Postman and Powers say intelligence shows are “re-creations” ? 2. After reading this. will you truly get down to watch intelligence shows carefully and analytically? 3. Both Rich and Postman and Powers use sub-topics in their essays. What are the advantages of utilizing sub-topics?

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