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6-POUNDER FIELD GUNS

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The 6-pounder field gun was a lightweight, nomadic piece that was a favourite of the field heavy weapon in the first half of the 19th century. Rapid alterations in engineering and design had mostly superseded it by the beginning of the American Civil War, but when superior arms was non available, some 6-pounders saw action. Note: While some of the guns illustrated here may hold played small or no portion in the Civil War, they are included here because exposures of them have been published nowhere else.

6-pounder Fe field gun, Model of 1819. Entire length, 71.6 inches ; weight, 742 lbs ; entire production, about 100 by Fort Pitt Foundry ; known subsisters, 30. Known as a & # 8220 ; Walking Stick & # 8221 ; for its narrow margin, this is the first identified theoretical account with full rimbases. It pioneered simpleness of design that was non to be to the full accepted for another 40 old ages. Its 10-inch diameter reinforce, combined with the undependable dramatis personae Fe of that period, proved notoriously delicate.

6-pounder Fe field gun, Pattern of 1827. Entire length, 57 inches ; weight, 780 lbs ; entire production, 98 by Fort Pitt Foundry ; known subsisters, 7. A stubbier version of the Model of 1819.

6-pounder Fe field gun, Model of 1834. Entire length, 60.5 inches ; weight, 835 lbs ; entire production, 134 by Columbia and Fort Pitt Foundries ; known subsisters, 16. The guns of this form were the last fieldpieces made by either metalworks.

6-pounder bronze field gun, Model of 1835. Entire length, 65.6 inches ; weight, 740 lbs ; entire production, 57 by Cyrus Alger and N.P. Ames ; known subsisters, 19. This slender version of the ulterior Model of 1841 represents the return to bronze as the preferable stuff for fieldpieces.

6-pounder Fe field gun, Model of 1836. Entire length, 65.6 inches ; weight, 785 lbs ; entire production, 13 by Alger ; known subsisters, 3. Identical in design to the bronzy Model of 1835 above.

6-pounder bronze field gun, Model of 1838. Entire length, 59.3 inches ; weight, 690 lbs ; entire production, 96 by Cyrus Alger and N.P. Ames ; known subsisters, 29. A shorter version of the bronzy Model of 1835 above with the same Registry Number series go oning from it for both metalworkss.

Markers on bronze Models of 1835 and 1838 fieldpieces. Unlike the markers on earlier and later cannon, the Registry Number, weight and inspectors & # 8217 ; initials are located on the upper rear of barrel.

6-pounder bronze field gun, Model of 1840. Entire length, 59.3 inches ; weight, 812 lbs ; entire production, 27 by N.P. Ames ; known subsisters, 4. A somewhat thicker version of the bronzy Model of 1838 above with the Registry Number series go oning from it.

6-pounder bronze field gun, Model of 1841. Entire length, 65.6 inches ; weight, 880 lbs ; entire production, 817 for U.S. Army Ordnance by Alger ( 197 ) , Ames ( 540 ) , Hooper ( 8 ) , Marshall ( 23 ) , and Revere ( 2 ) plus possibly 50 more for assorted province bureaus ; known subsisters, 325. Many of these guns were reamed and rifled to 3.80-inch James rifles, Type 1, at the beginning of the Civil War.

6-pounder bronze plebe gun by Cyrus Alger. Entire length, 50.5 inches ; weight, 570 lbs. Four of these guns were produced for Virginia Military Institute in 1848, two for Arkansas Military Institute in 1851, and four for Georgia Military Institute in 1852. Of these 10s, seven are known to last. These guns were intended merely for drill and direction ; nevertheless, a deficit of fieldpieces in the Confederate states at the beginning of the Civil War resulted in their being commandeered for active responsibility.

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