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Crane & # 8217 ; s Use of Ironic Symbolism in & # 8220 ; The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky & # 8221 ;

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Stephen Crane & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky, & # 8221 ; every bit good as his other Western narratives, owe much to Mark Twain & # 8217 ; s attack to the West. Harmonizing to Eric Solomon, & # 8220 ; both writers? used wit to notice on the defects of traditional fictional procedures & # 8221 ; ( 237 ) . While using lampoon of the Western literary tradition, Crane besides uses pragmatism to picture the influence of the East on the West. In & # 8220 ; The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky, & # 8221 ; Stephen Crane uses symbolism to develop his survey of the alterations effected on the West and the functions of its dwellers by the invasion of eastern society.

& # 8221 ; The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky & # 8221 ; is a parable of the East & # 8217 ; s invasion of the West through function alterations in a little western town. This invasion is absolutely illustrated in the first scene. Crane writes, & # 8220 ; The great Pullman was twirling forth with such self-respect of gesture that a glimpse from the window seemed merely to turn out that the fields of Texas were pouring eastward & # 8221 ; ( 401 ) . This, the first sentence of the narrative, & # 8220 ; repair the esthesis of a train drive through a kinaesthetic item, and that item besides supplies a subject that the remainder of the narrative will develop & # 8221 ; ( Bergon 95 ) . The Pullman train is transporting Marshal Jack Potter and his Eastern bride back to Yellow Sky. The Marshall & # 8217 ; s function in the personal businesss of his town has been affected and changed by his actual matrimony to the East. The Marshall is merely get downing to recognize the consequence his reaching on the town will hold. The train auto is the perfect symbol of the East traveling toward and enforcing itself on the West.

The 2nd scene is & # 8220 ; a universe of complete contrast to the Eastern Pullman: the scene is Western, the saloon of the Weary Gentleman Saloon & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 253 ) . The barroom

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contains all the necessary Western elements & # 8211 ; whisky, guns, barflies, and an omniscient barman. Crane places another mark of the infringing E, a going salesman, in the saloon to provide an perceiver to whom the local imposts and functions can be explained. It is through the bartender that we learn of the & # 8220 ; customary heroic poem rummies of Scratchy Wilson that disturb the dozing atmosphere & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 253 ) .

The symbolism is tightly, about stiffly organized. The train represents the East ; the barroom represents the West. The two most of import dry symbols are, nevertheless, Wilson and Potter. Jack Potter, the town marshal, has left Yellow Sky to get married his bride in secret. Potter is really self-aware of & # 8220 ; his alteration from his formal function as the lone marshal, of all time ready for a battle & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 252 ) . Potter is embarrassed in the great eastern train auto. He is non accustomed to the fancy Victorian environment, and neither is his married woman. Potter is besides worried about the act of his matrimony itself. He felt & # 8220 ; the shadow of a title weigh upon him like a dull slab. He, the town marshal of Yellow Sky, a adult male known, liked, and feared in his corner? [ had married ] without confer withing Yellow Sky for any portion of the dealing & # 8221 ; ( Crane 403 ) . Potter had defiled the thought of the & # 8220 ; Marshal, a figure fearsome and independent & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 252 ) . Po

tter besides ignored the Western tradition of partnership and confer withing one’s friends before matrimony. He has told no 1 and is softly trying to mouse his bride back into town. This bride is the accelerator of alteration that is certain to bring mayhem on the societal construction of Yellow Sky, and Potter knows it.

Potter & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; opposite, Scratchy Wilson can non confront his ain two functions & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 252 ) . Where Potter has realized and is trying to accept his new function, Scratchy will make nil of the sort. Scratchy is the town & # 8217 ; s drunken rotter. The residents of the town are

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terrified as he rages up and down the street. Scratchy is, nevertheless, about amusing in his cosmetic shirt and fancy boots. Though he isn & # 8217 ; t witting of it, these are a symbol of the East & # 8217 ; s invasion on Scratchy. His shirt was & # 8220 ; made chiefly by some Judaic adult females on the east side of New York? and his boots had ruddy tops with aureate imprints, of the sort beloved by small sleighing male childs on the hillsides of New England & # 8221 ; ( 407 ) .

Despite his amusing visual aspect, Scratchy is still the panic of the town. He is & # 8220 ; a admiration with a gun, & # 8221 ; & # 8220 ; the last one of the old pack that used to hang out along the river, & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; out for problem & # 8221 ; ( Crane 405 ) . Solomon describes him as & # 8220 ; a life clich & # 233 ; of the Old West, a speedy draw, a lifelessly shooting, a unsmooth with a bosom of gold: in every manner out-dated ( 254 ) . His orgies are & # 8220 ; formulaic, and the expression depends upon Marshal Potter to convey the ceremonial of shouting and hiting to a arrest by prosecuting in a ritual battle with Scratchy & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 253 ) .

When Scratchy eventually finds Marshal Potter it is a far different state of affairs so expected. Scratchy is ready for the flood tide of the Western novel: the affaire d’honneur. Alternatively he finds the flood tide of the narrative & # 8217 ; s function struggle as & # 8220 ; the relic of the Old West runs into the new businessperson and his married woman & # 8221 ; ( Solomon 252 ) . Potter has ignored his function as Marshal and is unarmed. Scratchy & # 8217 ; s feign universe is shattered: & # 8220 ; There ain & # 8217 ; t a adult male in Texas of all time seen you without no gun. Don & # 8217 ; Ts take me for no kid & # 8221 ; ( Crane 409 ) . Stunned by the intelligence of the matrimony, Scratchy is speedy to allow that & # 8220 ; I s & # 8217 ; present it & # 8217 ; s all away now & # 8221 ; ( Crane 409 ) . The intelligence of matrimony resigns Scratchy to his former function of town rotter ; he shuffles away. Scratchy is the first to run into Potter & # 8217 ; s Eastern bride, and this accelerator wreaks mayhem on his universe.

Therefore, & # 8220 ; The Bride comes to Yellow Sky & # 8221 ; is a survey of altering functions in the West. Jack Potter, the Marshal, reluctantly accepts his new function and attempts to suit in, while

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Scratchy Wilson can non confront his. Stephen Crane & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky & # 8221 ; uses symbolism to exemplify the consequence of Eastern Society on the West.

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Bergon, Frank. Stephen Crane & # 8217 ; s Artistry. New York: CUP, 1975.

Crane, Stephen. & # 8220 ; The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky. & # 8221 ; Perrine & # 8217 ; s Literature: Structure,

Sound, and Sense. Ed. Thomas Arp. 7th erectile dysfunction. Fort Worth: Harcourt, 1998.

Gibson, Donald. The Fiction of Stephen Crane. Carbondale: SIUP, 1968.

Solomon, Eric. Stephen Crane: From Parody to Realism.

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