The Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990 is an essential piece of legislation. This law seeks to keep track of incidents that take place on college campuses and university grounds for up to three years. The campus compiles the data, which is then delivered to the Secretary. This takes place annually in October. “The Department of Education is committed to assisting schools in providing students nationwide a safe environment in which to learn and to keep students, parents and employees well informed about campus security” (Campus, 2017). The data obtained in the report is a reflection of the focus of the campuses. The campuses focuses on criminal offenses that take place on the grounds.
These criminal offenses would include such crimes as robbery, burglary, arson, sexual assault, drug and alcohol use, automobile theft, and manslaughter. This law is essential, but it took tragedy to occur before this was created. In 1986, Jeanne Cleary attended Lehigh University in Pennsylvania. She was raped, beaten, and robbed by another student whose name was Josoph M. Henry.
The parents of Cleary wanted to make a difference and did not want another incident like this happening as a result of a shortage in campus security so they did what any other family would do, they pushed for change and received it when Congress implemented the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990.If a school receives Title IV funding, it must comply with the Clery Act unless the incident occurs outside of the physical property associated with the institution. Students who only complete online courses or study abroad are typically not protected by the Cleary Act. If any incidents occur on a property owned or controlled by the school, it must be reported. Professional counselors are exempt from the Cleary Act because of client confidentiality. Pastors are exempt as well.
They can be given permission to disclose some information as long as they don’t disclose the identity of the victim under the voluntary report. “Clery Act fines were originally $25,000 per violation but have increased periodically from $27,500 to $35,000 and then $53,907, according to Campus Security Consultant S. Daniel Carter” (Winn, 2017). The fines have now increased to $54,789.
Fines increase based on the number of violations. According to Winn (2017), “the largest ever Clery Act fine of $2.4 million was given to Penn State University last year in the wake of the Jerry Sandusky child sexual abuse scandal.” Updates were made to the Clery Act in 2013 to include: stalking, hate crimes, violence to a partner, and intimidation. The Clery Act is another important federal law governing higher education. ReferencesBowles, J. H., Tsantir, S.
, & Powers, M. (n.d.). Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act: Applicability to Education Abroad Programs PDF.
NAFSA. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t=web=j=https://www.nafsa.org/uploadedFiles/NAFSA_Home/Resource_Library_Assets/Networks/AREA1/jeanne_clery_disclosure.pdf=0ahUKEwid9p65pPLYAhUE7IMKHZD0CqIQFggnMAA=AOvVaw3ZyITjqG0fJj5YgGV0iMnjCampus Security.
(2017, January 23). Retrieved from https://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/campus.htmlCarton, L.
(2017, Apr 05). The clery act: An inside look at josoph henry. University Wire. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.ace.
edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1884540591?accountid=31683Clery Center. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://clerycenter.
org/policy-resources/title-ix-related-acts/Winn, Z. (2017, June 15). Clery Act Fines Increase Per Violation.
Retrieved from https://www.campussafetymagazine.com/clery/clery_act_fines_increase_violations_colleges/