The Changing American Culture Essay, Research PaperThe Ever-changing American CultureAs Americans, we used to worry small about war, holding adequate to eat, travel, freedom, and our most basic mundane activities. The tragic events of September 11, 2001 have forever changed the American manner of life. We have now become more concerned with our physical wellness because of the few instances of splenic fever and the possibility of more biological warfare. We besides worry about atomic warfare and the effects it could hold on our wellness and environment.
Americans have surely become more loyal and involved with their households since September 11. Most of us watch the intelligence diligently to larn of any licking the United States has accomplished in Afghanistan. Many of us are avoiding the air hoses and are non passing really much money. This has helped force the economic system further on the downward incline.
The stock exchange hit undersides on September 21 in the 8100 scope and is now back over 9900, which is right at the cusp of being a bull market ( Pellegrini ) . Oil monetary values have been dropping quickly and are now around 17 dollars a barrel, which will assist to hike our decelerating economic system. Unemployment rates will unluckily likely remain the same. & # 8220 ; Manpower, Inc.
said Monday that its study of United States companies & # 8217 ; engaging purposes for the first three months of 2002 hardly registered a pulsation, a failing non seen since the recessive early months of 1991. Unemployment Numberss will go on to mount up through the winter and spring even as and if a recovery takes clasp ( Pellegrini ) . & # 8221 ; Our committedness together to hike the state & # 8217 ; s economic system will guarantee a bright hereafter. America & # 8217 ; s hereafter seems to be based on our new thoughts formed since September 11, but yet we still carry on the jobs of the yesteryear. There is still many Americans populating in poorness. There is still illegal drugs that infest our state with dependence and offense that encircles the drug trade. There are many kids non acquiring a good instruction and many of whom who are fearful of force at our schools.
It is up to us as Americans to confront these jobs head on now more than of all time before.The state & # 8217 ; s most of import jobs to undertake and alteration are our illegal drug job, the deficiency of good instruction for those of all ages, and to stop the terrorist state of affairs. The United States & # 8220 ; War on Drugs & # 8221 ; has done small to halt the beginnings of the job and has merely persecuted the user. The state & # 8217 ; s kids are frequently seeking these illegal drugs at early ages despite drug instruction. These kids besides happen to miss in about every topic when compared to other states around the Earth.
Many of the free states of the universe are covering with terrorist act and we all hope for a solution that will forestall any farther violent Acts of the Apostless committed against guiltless people.The state of affairs in Afghanistan really began in 1979 when the Soviet Union invaded their state. The United States funded money to the & # 8220 ; mujahidin, & # 8221 ; or holy warriors, in the name of halting communism. From this support, Afghanistan was able to get the better of the Soviet Union in 1989.
Yet the state became really unstable after the war. Political power was fluctuating frequently and leaders came in and out of power quickly. Farmers resorted to turning many drugs such as poppies and marihuanas and sold them around the Earth.
Cities were annihilated. Over five million Afghanis fled to other states in hunt of a better life. When the Afghanis turned to the United States for aid in reconstructing our state, we refused. This caused great choler amongst the Afghani people directed toward the United States. This besides lead to Mullah Mohammod Omar, the current leader of Afghanistan, to organize a land of work forces to & # 8220 ; reconstruct & # 8221 ; his state.
They are now known as the Taliban. Omar & # 8217 ; s personal description is, & # 8220 ; A simple set of dedicated young persons determined to set up the Torahs of God on Earth and prepared to give everything in chase of that goal. & # 8221 ; The Taliban have many extremist believes including the thought of the ne’er stoping holy war or, & # 8220 ; jihad. & # 8221 ; Since the original forming of the Taliban, they have taken over 90 per centum of Afghanistan with some aid from Pakistan. Now that figure is likely much lower due the war attempts at that place.
Osama bin Laden himself gave the Taleban over three million dollars in 1996 to take over Afghanistan & # 8217 ; s capital ( McGeary 14 ) .Another beginning of the Middle Eastern peoples hatred for the United States stems from our engagement with Israel. The United States has had a strong influence on Middle Eastern political relations, which normally involve endorsing Israel. The United States supports Israel economically by giving them $ 840 million yearly.
Israel besides obtains much military support from the United States, financess transcending $ 3 billion and entree to our arms ( Beyer 19 ) . Arabic people are besides infuriated with American civilization being thrust upon them, while they themselves can non populate our life of freedom and luxuries. Many of these people may wish to populate our manner of life, yet there are many who want to populate the traditions of their past and want no American engagement.The chief inquiry on most American & # 8217 ; s heads is what happens after Osama bin Laden and the al-Qa’ida are destroyed. The al-Qa’ida has & # 8220 ; provided preparation and inspiration to about 11,000 work forces & # 8211 ; harmonizing to United Stated intelligence estimations & # 8211 ; who passed through it & # 8217 ; s Afghan camps & # 8221 ; ( Cloud ) . Most intelligent analysts agree that the web of terrorist could work without its leaders. Irene Stoller, former manager of France & # 8217 ; s anti-terror division provinces, & # 8220 ; This motion, these groups, are far excessively dispersed out, diffuse and fluid for a individual operation to strike hard them out. bin Laden and his lieutenants may look from the outside like super-managers of international Islamist panic, but the existent planning and executing is carried out at lower degrees.
( Cloud ) . Many experts believe after the war, many terrorists will go place to their native lands or travel to free states and regroup with other like-minded people. Cloud provinces,Osama bin Laden & # 8217 ; s interior circle, the most senior figure worrying the United States research workers is Mustafa Ahmed, a.k.a. Shaikh Saiid, the bin Laden concern director and September 11 paymaster who was in the United Arab Emirates until shortly before the onslaughts.
Ahmed has the accomplishments and connexions to set together support for another terrorist operation & # 8211 ; and he doesn & # 8217 ; t need bin Laden & # 8217 ; s money. Research workers have learned over the past few hebdomads that al-Qaeda & # 8217 ; s money comes from many varied beginnings beyond bin Laden, including treasure mineworkers who help raise financess for the group in Tanzania ; contraband bargainers in the Muslim-heavy boundary line part where Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay meet ; and workers at charities throughout the MidEast & # 8230 ; . The long term solution requires undertaking of underlying political, economic, and societal roots of terrorist act & # 8211 ; unsolved demands for Palestinian rights, perversion of Islam by extremist churchmans, corruptness and poorness in many Arab provinces and grudges over United States policy in the part.Although the United States continue to conflict the terrorists in Afghanistan, the terrorists continue to assail us here the United States. For over a month, federal research workers have tried to the follow the trail of splenic fever victims in hope of happening a beginning. So far this strain of splenic fever has killed five people and infected 13 others.
This strain of splenic fever, known as Ames, originated from the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases in Fort Detrick, Maryland. Research workers now believe that, & # 8220 ; Ames may hold slipped through an informal web of scientists to Iraq, which sought the strain from a British bio-defense institute in 1988 but whose application was rejected because of concerns that it would be used to fabricate biological arms ( Fainaru ) . Federal research workers have besides proved that the strain Ames, which appeared in Florida, is besides the same that was discovered in Connecticut, Washington, and New York.
Yet detecting the strain is Ames has done small to expose who is utilizing the strain in such a violent manner. Ames has been recognized for its opposition to vaccinums and is a natural strain from a morbid cow. Slowly, research workers are following the motion of Ames to detect who sent the splenic fever mailings, but it will be hard because many samples and mutants of this strain have been sent out across the state and could hold fallen into the incorrect custodies. Particularly Iraqi hands that have wanted the pathogen for a considerable sum of clip ( Fainaru ) .As Americans, it is most of import to experience safe here populating in the United States and protect our freedoms.
In order to go on to get by with the terrorist state of affairss, we must confront the world. First it is of import for bin-Laden and al-Qaeda & # 8217 ; s combatants to be hunted down and stopped before they can make another point of safe oasis in a state that will protect them. Second, one time the war is completed in Afghanistan, the United States should supply medical specialty, nutrient, and reconstructing money to Afghanistan so we don & # 8217 ; t turn our dorsum on them like we did earlier. The most of import thought though is that & # 8220 ; Relative poorness did non make and does non pardon international terrorist act.
But it can construct a web of understanding for those who take up the bomb and gun. Somehow the West, with its committedness to rationalism, belief in the hereafter, assurance in the soothing effects of prosperity, has to larn how to speak to those with a different mental cap, & # 8221 ; ( Elliot ) .We besides should retrieve that the terrorist onslaught of September 11 may hold murdered more civilians than of all time in our history, but it did non destruct our spirit. It is of import for all of us to go on on with our day-to-day lives and retrieve those lost. We should accept the tightening of security and Torahs at topographic points and understand they are for our protection. We should contend terrorist act with apprehension ( Alter ) . As Americans, we should go on to contend these new jobs confronting us and to seek and undertake the old jobs every bit good. Our kids are our most of import hereafter and we need to protect them and educate them better than of all time before.
There are many grounds why the state & # 8217 ; s educational system is neglecting its kids. Originally, formal schooling was set up to & # 8220 ; Americanize & # 8221 ; immigrants ( Lieberman 41 ) . There has been a diminution in birth rates since the 1960s, yet lower socioeconomic group & # 8217 ; s birth rates remain the same. This means more middle-class and lower category kids are go toing public school, while though upper category kids are go toing private schools. Adults in low-income households are less activity politically and by and large are less involved in their kids & # 8217 ; s instruction ( Lieberman 9 ) . There has besides been a great addition in the population of senior citizens. Those older than 45 make up 35.9 % of the population.
Senior citizens tend to care less about back uping monies for instruction and more about wellness attention. In 1987, federal disbursement on senior citizens per individual averaged around $ 10,000, while mean disbursement per kid was merely $ 854 ( Lieberman 21 ) . Changes in the household such as individual parent places, divorces, and poorness affect the instruction of kids greatly.
In 1987, 9.4 million adult females had kids with no male parent involved in their kids & # 8217 ; s life. Of those households, 53.3 % of those male parents did non pay any sort of child support ( Lieberman 25 ) . Besides, more than one million kids under the age of 18 are straight involved in a divorce each twelvemonth. In 1996, 14 % of the American population lived in poorness, 20.5 % of which were kids under 18 ( Quiram 12 ) .
Families are non the lone 1s to fault for the deficiency of quality instruction in the United States. Eighty-five per centum of the costs of public schools are spent on wages and benefits of school territory forces, non the pupils ( Lieberman 51 ) . Teacher brotherhoods besides merely seek benefits for themselves, non for the pupils. Teachers are besides paidbased on their schooling and old ages of experience, non on the quality of their instruction ( Lieberman 57 ) .In 1990, the George Bush disposal set up the National Educational Goals that were to hold been met by the twelvemonth 2000. It stated that the high school graduation rate will increase to 90 % ; all pupils go forthing grade four, eight, and 12 will hold competence in English, mathematics, scientific discipline, foreign linguistic communications, authorities and geographics ; the state & # 8217 ; s instructors will hold entree to plans to better their instruction accomplishments ; United States pupils will be foremost in the universe in mathematics and scientific discipline accomplishment ; every grownup will be literate and have necessary accomplishments to map in today & # 8217 ; s economic system ; every school in the United States will be free of drugs, force, pieces, and intoxicant ; and every school will advance parental engagement ( Quiram 68 ) .
Yet it is true in fact that none of these ends have been wholly achieved or even tackled by our school systems. The dropout rate for 1999 was 11.2 % , which is still less than 90 % of the pupils graduating ( NCES ) . Students on the high school degree on the mean merely complete 3.8 old ages of English, 2.
5 old ages of math, .2 old ages of computing machine scientific discipline, 2.9 old ages of societal surveies, 2.
1 old ages of physical and biological scientific discipline and.3 old ages of foreign linguistic communication ( Quiram 24 ) . This is non about adequate instruction to vie with today & # 8217 ; s foreign market.
Many of the state & # 8217 ; s public schools are still in atrocious status. In 1999, one one-fourth of school reported that at least one type of onsite edifice was in less than equal status. Half of schools reported that at least one edifice characteristic was in less than equal status. About four out of 10 reported at least one unsatisfactory environmental status. Close to ten per centum of schools have registrations 25 per centum greater than the capacity of their edifices.
The mean dollar sum needed to repair each single school is about $ 2.2 million and the expansive sum of financess needed to mend these schools is $ 127 billion ( NCES ) .School safety has become a big concern since the many high school shots. Yet statistics have non been altering for the better. During the 1996-1997 school twelvemonth, 57 % of public schools reported that one or more incidents of offense or force had happened in their school. Ten per centum of all public schools experienced one or more serious violent offense.
Violent offenses are defined as slaying, colza, sexual battery, self-destruction, physical onslaught, battle with a arm, or robbery. Forty-five per centum of simple schools reported one or more violent incidents, compared with 74 % of in-between schools and 77 % of high schools. School offense is proven to go on in larger schools, 38 % of little schools reported incidents, while 89 % of big schools reported condemnable incidents. Schools in metropoliss were twice every bit likely to describe violent offense and pack activity than rural or suburban schools. During the 1998-1999 school twelvemonth, 3,523 pupils were expelled for conveying a gun to school ( NCES ) . Yet 78 % of all schools claimed they had some type of force bar plan, but it doesn & # 8217 ; t seem to be working.
Neither does our former president & # 8217 ; s program to reform instruction.Lieberman lists many ways to assist better instruction. He recommends that high school age kids should be able to graduate in a shorter period of clip if they desire and receive wagess for making so ( 274 ) . He believes the PTA should merely dwell of parents and pupils doing ends for instruction to discourse with instructors and the school board ( 275 ) . He believes there should be a national course of study program so that all kids are taught the same basic of import thoughts.
Teachers should be required to take province scrutinies to measure their competence. He besides believes parents should be given a better reading of their kids & # 8217 ; s classs by study cards that include: checklists, anecdotal remarks, how attending affects classs, how the class point norm was computed, what curriculum path the kid is on, and increase the frequence of coverage ( Lieberman 87 ) . The United States authorities should besides give better support to schools that need fixs and new stuffs because our kids are our most of import plus of all.The state & # 8217 ; s illegal drug industry is non merely booming among school age kids, but across the full population of the United States. The United States is the individual largest market topographic point for illegal drugs ( Zill ) . About 13 million Americans claim to occasional drug usage of cocaine, marihuana, rapture, and other drugs, but about five million people have serious drug wonts, disbursement over $ 500 a hebdomad to back up their wonts.
These two groups of users spend $ 60 billion a twelvemonth on illegal drugs ( Zill ) . In 1999, & # 8220 ; Americans spent $ 63.2 billion on illegal drugs, $ 37 billion on cocaine, $ 12 billion on diacetylmorphine, $ 10.2 on marihuana, and $ 4 billion on other illegal drugs ( Who are America & # 8217 ; s Drug Users? ) . This highly big amount of money is collected in hoard houses down south from Mexico to Columbia. All this money pays the wages of shippers, processors, and payoffs of authorities functionaries.
States like Columbia and Mexico are about dependent on the demand for drugs from the United States. The illegal drug industry stays integral because of its immense net income borders. Zill states that,Processed cocaine is available on the streets of Columbia for $ 1,500 per kg and sold on the streets of America for every bit much as $ 66,000 per kg. Heroin costs $ 2,600 per kg in Pakistan, but can be sold on the streets of America for $ 130,000 per kg. Methamphetamine are frequently even cheaper to fabricate bing about $ 300 to $ 500 per kg to bring forth in clandestrine labs in the United States and abroad and sold on United States streets for up to $ 60,000 per kg.The alleged & # 8220 ; War on Drugs & # 8221 ; ictuss of illegal drugs have small consequence on the industry. Current drug interceptions merely halt 13 % of diacetylmorphine cargos and 28 % to 40 % of cocaine cargos ( Zill ) . Between 1984 and 1999, the figure of suspects charged with a drug discourtesy in Federal tribunals increased from 11,854 to 29,306 ; 65 % of those charged had been antecedently arrested, 16 % reported being an importer, agriculturist, or maker, and 25 % reported they were street-level traders ( Federal Drug Offenders ) .
In the past decennary, federal and province jurisprudence enforcement bureaus have seized over $ 48 billion in drugs, hard currency, and assets. The authorities has non been undertaking the major beginnings of illegal drugs in the United States and merely seems to collar agriculturists, users, and Sellerss, non those in charge. The authorities should larn to aim the beginning of drugs and besides supply better instruction to immature people.The highest rates of illicit drug users are found among older teens. In 1999, 22 % of 10th graders and 26 % of 12 graders had used an illicit drug in the past month ( America & # 8217 ; s Drug Users ) . Twenty to Twenty-one per centum of immature grownups age 18 to 20 reported utilizing an illicit drug within the past month.
The highest drug utilizing cultural population is Native Americans and those describing assorted races. In 1999, 8.7 % of work forces and 4.9 % of adult female were illicit drug users ( America & # 8217 ; s Drug Users ) . The most normally used drug is marijuana, with 11.1 million users in 1999. The usage of marihuana has remained about changeless throughout the 1990s. There was besides approximately 1.
5 million cocaine users in 1999, stand foring 7 % of the population.The federal authorities & # 8217 ; s planned outgos on illegal drugs for the twelvemonth 2002 is an estimated $ 19.2 billion, compared to 2001 & # 8217 ; s budget of $ 18.1 billion. The authorities plans to pass $ 2,296 million on programs to cut down youth drug usage, $ 8,052 million on cut downing drug-related offense, $ 3,101 million on rehabilitation plans, $ 2,555 million on boundary line control, and $ 2,047 on cut downing the beginning of supply. This money is farther broken down into specific plans. Parents for a Drug-free Future Program will pass $ 5 million dollars on educating communities on drug maltreatment bar of immature people, and supplying scientific information to supply factual information to kids.
Eleven million dollars will besides be spent on the Drug-free Communities Program, which assists community-based groups to further local anti-drug activities. The federal authorities will pass over $ 126 million dollars on research to better drug maltreatment intervention for addicted wrongdoers in the condemnable justness system. Twenty-nine million dollars will be spent on the National Data Collection, which will make up one’s mind which drug-related services are still effectual. The most hideous statistic of all, the federal authorities will pass $ 731 million on the Andean Regional Initiative that will give & # 8220 ; counter-drug & # 8221 ; money to Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Brazil, Venezuela, and Panama ( ONDCP ) . The description by the ONDCP provinces, & # 8220 ; The counter-drug scheme in the part must include support to convey greater economic and political stableness to the part and a peaceable solution to Colombia & # 8217 ; s internal conflict. & # 8221 ; I find that most of these plan descriptions are obscure and are by and large a waste of taxpayer & # 8217 ; s moneys on plans that haven & # 8217 ; t been working. Something drastic demands to be done to alter federal authorities policy to either legalize certain drugs or to really assail the beginnings of these drugs alternatively of funding money to the beginning.Drugs, the terrorist war, and instruction have affected each and every individual American.
All of our state & # 8217 ; s jobs tie into together like a spider web. There are many jobs faced by this state, that all must be handled one issue at a clip. More money should be spent on stoping poorness in the United States. We need to detect alternate signifiers of energy incase of an oil deficit.
We need to do drastic alterations in our environmental policies to halt making so much harm to our environment. We need to hold a great love and compassion of those different than us and esteem the assortment of people in the United States. As a state, we need to all become more involved politically so we have better options for senators, governors, presidents, and representatives. We must retrieve that freedom International Relations and Security Network & # 8217 ; t something everyone around the universe gets to see, and we are most lucky for holding it. Most of all, we must go on the nationalism that was born on September 11 and ne’er bury how proud we are of our freedoms, right, and beliefs.BibliographyAlter, Jonathan. & # 8220 ; Patriotism. & # 8221 ; Newsweek Sep 2001.
21 Nov 2001.Beyer, Lisa. & # 8220 ; Roots of Rage. & # 8221 ; Time 1 Oct 2001: 19.Cloud, John. & # 8220 ; What is the Al-Qaeda Without Its Boss? & # 8221 ; Time 26 Nov 2001.
26 Nov 2001.Elliot, Michael. & # 8220 ; Don & # 8217 ; Ts Make a Matryr of Osama. & # 8221 ; Time 26 Nov 2001.
26 Nov 2001.Fainaru, Steve and Joby Warrick. & # 8220 ; Deadly anthrax strain & # 8217 ; s muddy trail. & # 8221 ; The Washington Post 25 Nov 2001. 26 Nov 2001.Federal Drug Offenders. authorities. Aug 2001.
18 Nov 2001.Lieberman, Myron. Public Education: An Autopsy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.
McGeary, Johanna. & # 8220 ; The Taliban Troubles. & # 8221 ; Time 1 Oct 2001: 14.National Center of Educational Statistics. authorities.
18 Nov 2001.National Center of Educational Statistics. authorities. 18 Nov 2001.National Center of Educational Statistics. authorities.
18 Nov 2001.Office of National Drug Control Policy. authorities. April 2001. 18 Nov 2001.Pellegrin, Frank. & # 8220 ; The Street This Week: Airplanes, Trains, Automobiles, Malls & # 8212 ; Or None of the Above? & # 8221 ; Time 19 Nov 2001.
21 Nov 2001.Quiram, Jacquelyn, Mei Ling Rein, and Nancy Jacobs, eds. Education & # 8211 ; Reflecting Our Society.
Wylie: Information Plus, 1998.& # 8220 ; Who are America & # 8217 ; s Drug Users? & # 8221 ; org. 14 Nov 2001. 18 Nov 2001.Zill, Oriana and Lowell Bergman. & # 8220 ; Make the Mathematics: Why the Illegal Drug Business is Thriving. & # 8221 ; org.
14 Nov 2001. 18 Nov 2001.