The Temple of Apollo is the fourth largest Greek
temple in the world located in Didyma, an ancient Greek sanctuary thats found on
the coast of Ionia. Originally it started off as a small temple which was later
rebuilt in the 6th century and rebuilt again over 30 years after due to it
being destroyed during the conquest of Alexander the Great. The Parthenon on the
other hand, was built before this in the 5th century and is a
traditional mainland temple located in the Acropolis of Athens. This is a rocky
outcrop above the city of Athens that now contains the remains of several
ancient buildings. The building was dedicated to the god Athena and was used as
a treasury however its primary function was to house the colossal gold statue
of Athena constructed by Phidias.     

The Parthenon is a peripteral temple that follows
the doric order, it has a regular rectangular floor plan that has low steps that
go around each of the 4 sides of the building, and a colonnade of Doric style columns
that extend around the edges of the entire structure. Aswell as the Doric style
the Parthenon also contains some elements of the ionic style, it features a
continuous sculpted frieze which is inspired by the Ionic order, it also has
four Ionic columns supporting the roof of the opisthodomos. In contrast with the
Parthenon the Temple of Apollo was a Hellenistic temple that combined both the
styles of the corinthian and ionic orders. This causes the collums of the
Temple of Apollo to contain two opposed volutes and to have a more ornamental and
decorative pattern running up it. In terms of organisation it has a double
colonnade surrounding it with a pranos that contains 3 rows of four columns
each. Unlike the Parthenon the Temple of Apollo does not contain an
opisthodimus and the pronaos does not lead into the cella.

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Even though the styles are different within the two
temples their overall forms are relatively similar, they both have large
rectangular plans with collinades surrounding the internal spaces. The overall size
of the Parthenon is far smaller however with the base being around 2,150 square
metres which is less than half the size of the temple of Apollo which has a
base of roughly 5500 square metres. 

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