This paper will analyse the elements of the Gospel of John. Specifically. it will cover with the specific primary texts in the Gospel that trade with the Holy Spirit. and afterwards. will cover with the secondary literature on this subject. The basic statement here is that the intent of the Sprit is to head the church and to steer the faithful to truth. avoiding unorthodoxy and split. The Holy Spirit is the 3rd individual of the Holy Trinity: while the male parent is the uncreated epistasis. he. outside of clip. begets the Son. and the Holy Sprit returns from the male parent and remainders in the Son.
The Father is the rule of creative activity. the Son its Logos. its ground and interconnection. and it is sacralized through the church by the action of the Spirit. These are three individuals to be found in a individual God. a God with one nature. I. “And John bare record. stating. I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove. and it abode upon him. ” This is the first reference of the Spirit in John’s Gospel. He seems to sign the baptism of Christ. demoing really rapidly in the first chapter that Christ is so God. and the Tripartite nature of the Godhead is being revealed to the universe for the first clip.
The Spirit here acts as an independent entity ( i. e. it is non a “part of” either the Father or the Son ) . Jesus is to be bathed in the Spirit so as to demo that He is the New Covenant: as the spirit ( as yet unknown ) descended upon the Ark in the Old Covenant. and rested upon Mary at the Annunciation. the Spirit once more shows the deity of the New Covenant. Christ. by falling at his baptism. In Christ’s conversation with Nikodemus. Christ speak of being born once more.
Making mention to the sacrament of baptism. Christ says that “unless a adult male be born of H2O and of the Spirit. he can non come in the land of God. ” Just as Christ revealed Himself as the Son of God through the descent of the Spirit. so excessively Christians must demo themselves to the universe as adoptive boies of God through baptism. The spirit is present in both. with Christ as the archetypal baptism. “It is the spirit that quickeneth ; the flesh profiteth nil: the words that I speak unto you. [ they ] are spirit. and [ they ] are life.
” So says Jesus in John 6: 63. Jesus is talking here both of the Holy Spirit. and the religious life of adult male. The Spirit is contrasted with the flesh. itself holding two significances: foremost. the life of the universe. the universe of power. of self-importance of wickedness. and therefore. decease. But it besides refers to the passions and thrusts of persons. the passions for lust greed and hatred that are the symptoms of life in a morbid universe. Hence. the “Spirit. ” when it is used in Scriptre. can intend one of two things: the psyche of adult male. or the Spirit of God.
These two are related in that the Spirit could non rest in something that did non hold the ontological construction to have it. In other words. adult male. in some manner. has to be created in such a manner so as to have the Spirit of the male parent. and this is the psyche. the immaterial rule of adult male. the signifier of the organic structure. to utilize Aristotelean linguistic communication. In John 7. Jesus says: In the last twenty-four hours. that great [ twenty-four hours ] of the banquet. Jesus stood and cried. stating. If any adult male thirst. allow him come unto me. and drink.
He that believeth on me. as the Bible hath said. out of his belly shall flux rivers of life H2O. ( But this spake he of the Spirit. which they that believe on him should have: for the Holy Ghost was non yet [ given ] ; because that Jesus was non yet glorified. ) This is a complex transition covering with the Holy Spirit. First. Christ is placing himself with the God of the Old Testament. for he says “as the Bible has said” in mention to Himself. Of class. he’s speaking about the Old Covenant.
But. as is so common in the Gospel of John. Christ is doing a differentiation between the life of the universe and the life of the Spirit. The life of the universe can ne’er supply satisfaction: existent H2O. or nutrient. or any natural desire of adult male is merely of a impermanent satisfaction. Merely the spirit of God can give ageless satisfaction. The fact that Christ is mentioning top “water” here is of import. First. H2O is a primary constituent of man’s physiology. Second. H2O can give life. it can cleanse. it can assist things turn. but it can besides submerge if non used decently.
“Water. ” while non merely a natural constituent of adult male. but an of import desire. is merely a figure. The figure is of import. but it is merely the “matter. ” The “form” is the Holy Spirit itself. In other words. the lone proper usage of H2O. ritualistically talking. is when it is used for baptism. but a baptism is non such unless the H2O be saturated with the Holy Spirit. When a adult male is baptized. he is now a watercourse of life H2O: he becomes an image. an icon. of the Son. in bend the image of the male parent.
The adult male becomes a Christian through baptism. this is done through religion in the Spirit under the figure of H2O. He becomes an icon of he Son. and he becomes a sermonizer of the Spirit. hence. a fluxing river that cleanses all it touches. Now the remark that the Spirit was non yet given refers to Pentecost. The Spirit works in the universe. He worked in the Old Testament. but He has non been given in order to make the vas of the concluding disclosure: the church. This was to come merely after Christ is “glorified. ” that is. Transfigured. Murdered and so resurrected.
As Christ goes to the male parent. Christ will pray to the Father than the Holy Spirit be sent to the infant church at Pentecost. institutionalizing ( so to talk ) the concluding disclosure in spirit and truth. “ [ Even ] the Spirit of truth ; whom the universe can non have. because it seeth him non. neither knoweth him: but ye know him ; for he dwelleth with you. and shall be in you. ” This is one of the most powerful statements about the Spirit in all of Scripture. It needs to be treated in item. First. the Spirit of Truth: the Spirit returns from the male parent and rests upon the Son. lauding him on Tabor. and raising Him up at his Resurrection.
He is the truth for no other ground than he is the love that unites the male parent and the boy in the embracing of love and truth. The Father is the rule of creative activity. the Being beyond being. the ultimate integrity in all things. while Jesus is the Logos. the rule of ground that identifies all things as they are and interconnects them with the male parent and with each other. The spirit is the image of this connexion: of uniqueness and multiplicity. image and paradigm. The Spirit is the sanctifier. he shows the connexion between the Father and the Son for all who believe.
But merely as of import. the Spirit here is both the truth of nature and its relation to God as Godhead. but he will come to talk the truth to the church. He will steer the church in all its actions. supplying a agencies to state the true church from the false. the true sermonizer from the pensionary. But that’s merely the job: the world’s governments. the people who they worship. are in fact pensionaries in their actions. The “world” here refers to the system of power. of imperium and the province. the economic elitism of Israel that has rejected the prophetic equalitarian economic sciences so of import to Amos and Hosea.
The universe cares about passion. greed and addition. it cares about the lower passions of ego and the Pharaseeism of “correctness. ” It cares non for truth. but merely for power. Hence. when the Spirit will demo Himself. merely a few will be able to acknowledge Him. The Spirit. inspiring the Apostles. will prophesy hurting and agony: the narrow way of self-denial and martyrdom. The false sermonizers. the wolves among the sheep. will prophesy the wide way: easy and full of physical satisfaction.
This transition holds that the true Church of Christ will ever be little. it will non acknowledge the universe ( and frailty versa ) and that this Spirit. when it takes ownership of a adult male. will re-create the leftover. the true Israelites without craft. This transition is nil more than the sermon of the Church. its hereafter and the agencies whereby it can be known. For added accent. Christ says this a few poetries subsequently: “But the Comforter. [ which is ] the Holy Ghost. whom the Father will direct in my name. he shall learn you all things. and conveying all things to your recollection. whatsoever I have said unto you.
” The transition above was the general thought: this is the specific application. The Spirit. here once more shown as coming from the Father and non the Son ( though it speaks of the Son ) . acts as the relation between the two: the Spirit is the relation of cosmopolitan and peculiar: the integrity of God and the incarnated Logos. the rule of logic and ground in nature. its ordered being. including that of world and their relation to the Godhead. The male parent will direct the “Spirit in my name. ” that is. it will prophesy the philosophy of the Son.
One grade of the true spirit is that it will ne’er divert from the instructions of Christ as found in the Scriptures. As the Three contains three individuals. it has a individual kernel. Equally far as we are concerned. there is a individual instruction. a individual philosophy. a individual nature. and therefore. there can be merely one Truth. merely one true Church. Because of the individual kernel of the Three that is expressed in three individuals. there can merely be one instruction. The Spirit can non travel where the Son is non.
The Sprit can non prophesy any philosophy that the Son has non made manifest. And once more: “But when the Comforter is come. whom I will direct unto you from the Father. [ even ] the Spirit of truth. which proceedeth from the Father. he shall attest of me: And ye besides shall bear informant. because ye have been with me from the beginning. ” Here. the thought that the Son is non the ontological beginning of the Spirit is reiterated. The Spirit. like the Son. derives from the same beginning. the Being of Being. the Father.
The truths above are reiterated for excess accent: foremost. that the sympathizer is from the Father. the Principle. that He will learn merely truth. and therefore. religious orders that do non prophesy Jesus in the Bibles are non grace filled. they do non hold the Spirit in them. The Spirit. every bit far as work forces are concerned. is the really “content” of the Truth. or true philosophy. But as Christ has said in the last chapter. the devils are already working within the infant church. and we can construe this with easiness as that they are distributing falsity under the name of “christ.
” But in this transition. the actions of the apostles ( the first bishops and leaders of the church ) are given a function. The Spirit will inspire them to prophesy and go throughout the Earth conveying Christ to the heathens who are unspoiled by the Pharisees and their “legalism. ” The Truth is an inspiring Sprit. it is at the root of the proper instruction of the Gospel. and significantly. extinguishing any unorthodoxies that are bound to develop. This transition in many ways is besides a committee for the apostles to being composing down what they have witnessed.
The Truth of the Spirit will be verified by the apostolic instruction in that the apostles have witnessed the sermon and actions of Jesus. Hence the informant of the apostles is cardinal to verifying the truth as preached by their replacements. Many will come claiming to hold Christ or the spirit or the apostolic authorization. but it is merely the informant of the apostles that serves as the benchmark for holding the Spirit. This is of huge importance. In Chapter 16. Jesus says: Nevertheless I tell you the truth ; It is expedient for you that I go off: for if I go non off. the Comforter will non come unto you ; but if I depart. I will direct him unto you.
And when he is come. he will admonish the universe of wickedness. and of righteousness. and of judgement. . . . Howbeit when he. the Spirit of truth. is come. he will steer you into all truth: for he shall non talk of himself ; but whatsoever he shall hear. [ that ] shall he talk: and he will prove you things to come. He shall laud me: for he shall have of mine. and shall prove [ it ] unto you. There is a funny connexion between Christ’s go forthing ( so to talk ) . and the Spirit’s coming. Christ will go forth the universe bodily. but the Spirit will be sent from the male parent to keep His instruction.
But the spirit is seen as a replacement to Christ in the flesh making through spirit what Christ was able to make in his sinless flesh. This may be interpreted as a agency of Christ stating to the apostles that what was preached in the flesh now must be acted out in spirit. Christ laid the basis for redemption. giving his blood and decease on the cross. but now. the spirit will move as a agency to help the new compact to prophesy the word as the apostles see fit under the fortunes. The Spirit is seen as holding a map.
First. to convey Truth to the church ( and nowhere else ) . and. every bit as of import. to reprobate the universe. Christ will non make that. but the Spirit will. The Spirit has no room for the flesh except the life of the church. which is a spiritualized flesh. the self-denial of the narrow way. Christ’s mission will be sanctified and glorified by the action of the spirit: the spirit is non a new disclosure. but will help the church in of import ways: iin philosophy. in apologetics. in religious attack and the very building of the Scriptures. which are spirit filled.
The spirit will non offer new philosophy. but will finish what Christ has started by conveying his instruction to the universe and to coevalss to come. The fulfilment of this promise will happen at Pentecost. but a foretaste of this happening can be found in John 20. where Jesus imparts the Spirit to the apostles in the upper room: “And when he had said this. he breathed on [ them ] . and saith unto them. Receive ye the Holy Ghost. Whose soever sins ye remit. they are remitted unto them ; [ and ] whose soever [ sins ] ye retain. they are retained. ” This is the concluding reference of the Spirit in John’s Gospel.
It is of import because it includes the apostolic authorization to forgive wickednesss. The Spirit will be the action that forgive wickednesss. so to talk “applying” the blood of Christ to those who seek forgiveness. The apostles will have the spirit. and the first thing that is said one time this is done is that they are to forgive wickednesss with this new power. But. as hinted above. the opinion is up to the church. the church founded on the Bibles by the apostles: the apostles can keep back the spirit if the individual in inquiry does non look decently disposed to have it.
The church is given a authorization that it can forgive wickednesss through the conveyance of the spirit. but that the church is able to give the opinion as to how. when and where this is to be used. This is the issue: Christ will non be among them any more. they will no longer be students. but Masterss of the spirit. They are now called upon to do a opinion as to the usage of this gift. and this is the function of the church in the twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours life of the community of Christ.