The Parthenon Essay, Research Paper

The Parthenon

Grecian civilization blossomed after the Iranian Wars. General Pericles around the 450? s BC led the Reconstruction of Athens ; which became the most beautiful metropolis in all of Greece. Pericle? s greatest construction built under his bid was the Parthenon.

The Parthenon was a temple built for the frequenter goddess Athena ( goddess of wisdom and art ) . Construction started 447 BC and continued until 432 BC. The construction is located in Athens Greece, on the acropolis.

The designers Ictinus and Callicrates designed the edifice. The Athenians wanted to accomplish the visual aspect of flawlessness on the Parthenon. They did this by widening the columns at the centre, doing them appear strait when viewed from a distance ; the stairss taking to the Parthenon were lowered in the centre giving the feeling that they were strait from either side ( Farah,116 ) . Phidias was the creative person that sculpted the art for the Parthenon. He himself did non sculpt everything but advised the other sculpturers.

The temple was 102 by 226 pess, lifting 60 pess of the land. It included two suites, the? naos? the larger of the two is where a 42 pes tall sculpture of Athenia was located. The smaller room? opisthodomos? was used as a exchequer ( Web ) . Pattern of 8 by 17 Doric fluted columns surround the construction.

( Parthenon floor program )

The Parthenon is a Doric peripteral temple, which means that it consists of a rectangular floor program with a series of low stairss on all sides. Pentelic marble was used as the edifice stuff, which came from Mount Pentelicus 11 stat mis from Athens. The pentelic marble had shootings of Fe. This gave it a luminescent expression when viewed on cheery a twenty-four hours. Lintels, horizontal back uping beams that span between columns were tied by bow tie shaped Fe clinchs to procure them.

Sculptures one time decorated the ped

iments of the edifice. The eastern pediment depicted the birth of Athena and western pediment showed the conflict between Athena and the sea God Poseidon for the control of Athens ( Scully,65/Web ) . In 1687 the pediment sculptures were smashed. This was done by Venetian Admiral Morosini. Morosini was seeking to take down the pediment sculptures ( Scully,90 ) .


The metopes of the Parthenon all represent the battle between order and pandemonium. The east metope depicts conflict between the Gods and giants ( Wed ) . The west metope reveals the mystical conflict against the Amazons ( Web ) . The south metope, the conflict between the lapiths and the centaurs ( Web ) . Last on the north metope, Greeks versus Trojans ( Wed ) . In add-on there was a adorned set called a frieze that went all the manner around the cella ( cardinal enclosed infinite ) . The frieze showed people of Athinais: functionaries, priests, maidens, and immature work forces on Equus caballus back observing Athena? s birthday ( Web ) .

The statue of Athena in the naos was 42 pess tall and was constructed of gold and tusk. The flesh was ivory and the curtain gold ( the curtain was made removable incase of exigencies ) .

( theoretical account )

The Parthenon was used as a Christian church at approximately 500 AD. The Parthenon was besides used as a mosque when Turkish Muslim forces captured the metropolis in the mid-1400s. The beat-up construction and columns of the Parthenon are from the detonation of gunpowder. The Turks stored the gunpowder at that place, and in 1687 a Venetian cannon shattered the edifice.

The Parthenon was a beautiful construction when completed. It is likely one of the best illustrations of classical architecture. Most of the staying art was removed and placed in the Acropolis Museum in Athens and the British Museum in London ( Web ) . Now, what is left of the Parthenon sits in ruins for the tourer and citizens to be admired ; the great achievements and sorrows of adult male? s yesteryear.

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