construction of smaller buildings


building can be considered enormous, but the interiors are shaped in smaller
areas because of the use of the property. This allows the rooms to operate
autonomously. This means saving energy for cooling or heating.

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This is not
the case for the single premises of the property, which are also high ceilings
as a result of the energy loss, since in order to warm the ground floor you
have to warm up in the rest of the rooms. Also, large spaces often survive undesirably
and the extra costs they spend could be more constructive.



Quality of


property assists in the quality of life as it creates jobs for the personnel of
the whole project as well as for the external collaborators who provide
services to the building.


Some of the
Services that gives job opportunities to the people


·       24-hour

·       24-hour

·       24-hour

·       Valet
parking service

·       1,000
dedicated car parking spaces for office tenants

·       A
mix of high-end restaurants and casual cafés

·       Business
Centre facility 

·       Five-star
Sheraton Hotel

·       Fitness

·       Car
rental service 

·       Commercial


Those facilities offer
confidence and luxury time for the reason that everything that a tourist or
people in general needs is there. From quality time with the family or with
friends to the cafés, bars, restaurants to entertaining or business time with
the hotel and shops.

The whole design of the
building and the area, give the impression and feeling to people of something
beautiful and calm.




Environmental Design Principles


was the main idea that was incorporated from the starting point. In its plan,
the Bahrain world trade Centre exploits the area to amplify the energy that can
be caught from the ocean breeze. One of a kind to this building, and meeting
people’s high expectations of incorporating sustainable power source
arrangements with manageable engineering, the plan accommodates these three 29m
diameter wind-turbines to be placed horizontally between the two towers.


The research,
the dialogues with the turbine makers earlier, the feasibility study and design
stages took months. The technical confirmation incorporated the consolidation
of environmentally responsive outline components such as the wind examination
of turbines execution and also SARM (Safety, Analysis and Risk Management)
examination approval.


turbines create energy that reaches the amount of 11 and 15 percent of the
total electrical utilisation of the building.


As a
result, this innovating achievement was the world’s first combination of
turbines inside a commercial building structure is considered as a triumph.




The Bahrain
world trade Centre building has other environmentally responsive outline
components, which decrease carbon discharges in the atmosphere compared with
most of the structures in the district. That made Bahrain to be recognised as
the leader in the adoption of environmentally responsible practices among the


environmental aspects of the project create a new way of building with
sustainability and what can be achieve in the future and more generally, the
exhaustion of non-renewable energy sources.

As a result,
Bahrain has built up the first of its kind inside the market, and added to
their capital esteem programs that will be developed around this point of
convergence on Manama’s coast.




Beside the
breeze turbines, it includes various other design features that are of interest
and reduction of carbon discharges when compared with different structures in
the Middle East. Some of those features are:




1. Buffer
spaces between the external environment and air-conditioned spaces to reduce
sol air temperature and reducing conductive solar gain;

2. Deep
gravel roofs in some locations that provide kinetic insulation;

3. Significant
proportion of projectile shading to external glass facades;


Balconies to the sloping elevations with overhangs to provide shading;

5. Where
shading is not provided to glazing, a high quality solar glass is used with low
shading co-efficient to minimise solar gains;

6. Low
leakage, windows;


Enhanced thermal insulation for opaque fabric elements;

8. Dense
concrete core and floor slabs presented to the internal environment in a manner
that will level loads and reduce peak demand with associated reductions in air
and chilled water transport systems;


Variable volume chilled water pumping that will operate with significantly less
pump power at part loads than conventional constant volume pumping;

10. Low
pressure loss distribution for primary air and water transport systems that
reduces fan and pump power requirements;

11. Total
heat energy recovery heat wheels of fresh air intake and exhausts to recover
“coolth” from the vitiated air and recover it to the fresh make up air;

12. Energy
efficient, high efficacy, high frequency fluorescent lighting

13. Dual
drainage systems that segregate foul and waste water and allow grey water
recycling to be added at a later date;


Connection to the district cooling system that will allow an order of magnitude
improvement on carbon emissions since in Bahrain efficient water cooled
chillier are not allowed due to water shortage, whereas the district cooling
solution will involve sea water cooling / heat rejection and much improved
levels of energy conversion efficiency;


Reflection pools at building entrances to provide local evaporative cooling;


Extensive landscaping to reduce site albedo, generate C02 and provide shading
to on grade car parks;

17. Solar
powered road and amenity lighting.



Since the
energy building is based on electricity supply and turbine energy (conventional
fuels), we understand that the building contributes to the reduction of
ozone-depleting chemicals for this sector. Also the materials and the
environmental design of the building help reduce the energy you need for the
building’s needs as there are no big energy losses. Also, building maintenance
materials should be carefully selected since they also emit chemicals that have
an impact on the environment.




Economic Background of the Wind-Turbines into buildings Idea
And the Benefit of gaining experience from such project to the world

(Architectural engineering company) showed the world that Bahrain is focused on
choices that reduce the demand on fossil fuel reserves products. Bahrain holds
and will move urban and building design in dessert-climates to a whole new
sustainable course. The difficulty of incorporating huge scale wind turbines in
a building structure isn’t to be underestimated, and it is expected after the
completion of such project that the information and experience gathered would
be able to be spread to design groups worldwide.


In the same
way as other architects around the globe, the Atkins design team in the Middle
East has considered plan arrangements that fuse sustainability and have
explored the idea of using integrated wind turbines on a few past design ideas.

The wind in the Arabian Gulf with its prevailing ocean wind trademark is
helpful for collecting wind energy.


Research by
Atkins has revealed that the usage of wind-turbines into structures most of the
times fails because of the high cost (up to 30% of the project’s value) related
with the adjustment of the building design, and furthermore because of high
development/research work costs for such turbines. From the start this venture
had as its essential premise of design the usage of customary technologies and
the improvement of a building design that would be supportive to getting
wind-turbines. The premium on this project for including the wind-turbines was
under 3% of the project’s value.


So with the
advantage of a good/strong wind and a design reasoning that limited turbine
building costs, Atkins, with a group of world driving technologists moved ahead
with the plan and addressed the key issues of :


1 Producing
practical solutions


2 Balancing
energy yield (advantage with investment)



generally, while achieving such innovating ideas (incorporation of
wind-turbines onto structures) then a lot of things are affected from it. Socially,
people tend to think more about sustainability by seeing the successful result
of the Bahrain World Trade Centre and with that way, a lot more can be achieved
in the following years.  






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