The Spanish-American War: Essay, Research Paper
During the last old ages of the 19th century, the United States would happen itself involved in what John Jay, the American secretary of province, subsequently referred to as a & # 8220 ; glorious small war ; begun with highest motivations, carried on with brilliant intelligence and spirit, favored by that luck which loves the brave. & # 8221 ; From an American point of view, because there were few negative consequences, and so many significantly positive effects, John Jay was right in naming the Spanish-American War a & # 8220 ; glorious small war. & # 8221 ; The licking of the Spanish forces marked the terminal of their regulation in the Americas and besides marked the rise of the United States as a planetary military power. The Spanish-American War affected the United States in a figure of other ways. It helped rush the building of the Panama Canal and besides resulted in the U.S. & # 8217 ; s acquisition of foreign districts. There were besides many other minor positive results to the war as opposed to the few negative effects that resulted.The Spanish-American War was the brief struggle that the United States waged against Spain in 1898. The war had grown out of the Cuban battle for independency, and whose other causes included American imperialism and the sinking of the U.S war vessel Maine. The existent belligerencies in the war lasted four months, from April 25 to August 12, 1898. Most of the combat occurred in or near the Spanish colonial ownerships of Cuba and the Philippines, about midway around the universe signifier each other. In both battlefields, the decisive military event was the complete devastation of a Spanish naval squadron by a immensely superior U.S. fleet. These triumphs, after brief opposition, brought about the resignation of the Spanish to U.S. military forces as indicated by a peace pact signed between the two states on December 10, 1898, in Paris, France. In the terminal, the Americans had minimum casualties, while the Spanish suffered huge human deaths and harm to their naval resources ( Encyclopedia Britannica ) .The Spanish-American War marked the terminal of Spain & # 8217 ; s colonial imperium and the terminal of its regulation in the Americas. Since the early nineteenth century, Americans had watched the series of revolutions that ended Spanish authorization throughout South America, Central America, and Mexico. Many people in the United States, nevertheless, were irritated by the fact that the Spanish flag continued to wing in Cuba and Puerto Rico. Spain & # 8217 ; s barbarous ways of seting down Cuban demands for some signifier of personal autonomy aroused feelings of understanding and choler among Americans ( Chidsey ) . Support for the cause of Cuban independency had deep historical roots in the United States, and this cause became the declared aim of the war ( www.zpub.com ) . When the U.S. navy destroyed the get awaying Spanish ships, the war was on the side over. The Spanish subsequently surrendered after dialogues bespeaking the terminal of the belligerencies in the Caribbean. The Treaty of Paris, which officially signaled the terminal of the war, among other things provided for Spain & # 8217 ; s backdown from Cuba. The Spanish-American War, an of import turning point in the history of the United States, was besides highly important to the Spanish. Spain & # 8217 ; s get the better of resolutely turned the state & # 8217 ; s attending off from its abroad colonial escapades, and inward upon its domestic demands. This was a procedure that led to both a cultural and literary Renaissance every bit good as two decennaries of much-needed economic development in Spain. The war, finally, marked the terminal of the Spanish Empire in the Americas.Perhaps the greatest result of the war was that it marked the rise of the United States as a planetary military power. The war gave the United States a opportunity to demo and turn out its naval powers. Consequently, it did by get the better ofing the Spanish fleet in the Philippines every bit good as the fleet stationed in Cuba, which they besides efficaciously blo
ckaded. Despite poor planning, the strategic and decisive victory over the Spanish gave the Americans an international recognition as a great power. The significant American ground victories at Las Gu?simas and San Juan Hill showed that the U.S. also had a strong and effective army. With these consistent land and ‘at-sea’ victories, it did not take long for the American forces to force the Spanish to surrender, and also establish themselves as a strong military power. “The United States was finally emerging as a world power in the late 1890’s, and was becoming aware of its potential strength, but was unsure of how to use it effectively.” In the end, the Americans came out from the war as a world power with a new stake in international politics that would lead to play a determining role in the affairs of Europe, as the world would soon see in World War I (Encyclopedia Britannica).The American victory in the Spanish-American War helped speed up the construction of the Panama Canal. The United States had been desperately trying to connect both oceans in an effort to make transoceanic travel and military mobility quicker. The war illustrated, to U.S. military planners, the importance of a two-ocean navy; and furthermore influenced their desire to finish the Panama Canal. Now that the Americans had ’secured’ the Caribbean, builders were now able to construct the much desired and anticipated Canal. It was seen as vital to linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans for U.S. commerce and military activities, and was later completed in 1914 (http://members.tripod.com/Brian_Bloget/V_Corps_1898.html). The eagerness of Americans to build the Panama Canal was due in great part to the victory in the Spanish-American War.The last major positive outcome for the United States that came from the Spanish American War was that it resulted in the U.S. acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. These acquisitions add to the fact that the United States was becoming an influential and feared nation, if not one already. The end of the war marked the dawn of the United States being a world power that would seek to expand and protect its interests in Asia. Shortly before the treaty negotiations, indicating the official end to the war, the annexation of Hawaii, which had been on hold for months, was quietly accomplished. The United States emerged from the war, not only as a military and world power, but also with widespread overseas possessions (Cosmas).In the end, U.S. goals were overwhelmingly achieved. They succeeded in securing Cuban independence, removing Spanish forces from the Americas, establishing themselves as a world and military power, and also accomplished much more, with minimal losses. Other positive outcomes from the war include a positive change in the army, a surge in the economy, and as well as a strong international political influence. Senator Thurston of Nebraska said before the war: “War with Spain would increase the business and earnings of every American railroad, it would increase the output of every American factory, it would stimulate every branch of industry and domestic commerce.” All of these predictions, indeed, turned out to be results of the Spanish-American War. The United States, both as a nation and as a people, prospered tremendously from this war.Bibliography”Spanish-American War.” Encyclopedia Britannica: Volume 18, pp. 375-379. New York, New York: 1975.Internet. Yahoo. http://members.tripod.com/Brian_Bloget/V_Corps_1898.html. Accessed: Tuesday, February 15, 2000.Cosmas, Graham A. An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War: the View from Wisconsin. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1971.Internet. Lycos. www.zpub.com. Accessed: February 18, 2000.Chidsey, Donald Barr. The Spanish-American War: A Behind the Scenes Account of the War in Cuba. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1971.