The Kite Runner is the debut
novel written by Khaled Hosseini. The book was Published in 2003 by Riverhead
Books, it tells the story of a young boy name Amir lived in Wazir Akbar Khan
district of Kabul. Hassan is his closest friend. The story is set against a background
of noisy events, from the fall of Afghanistan through the military intervention
of Soviet Union the rise of the Taliban regime and migration of refugees to
Pakistan and the United States.

The book put on broad theme, of
life and love, brotherhood and bravery. 
It starts before Russian invasion in Afghanistan through military coup
and would change the scenery of the beautiful Kabul forever. Though political
developments originally remain in the background, cultural issues of pre-war
Afghanistan are presented personally by the author.

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As the novel starts, character,
Amir who is the the son of a wealthy Sunni Pashtun businessman, is impending
manhood. Hassan who is his friend and servant belongs to the socially mediocre
group of Shia Hazaras, setting the stage for pressures that remain central to
the story. Amir and Hassan with their families live together in a wealthy
neighborhood of Kabul. The Hazaras work as servants to their Pashtun betters,
but are also part of the family, conflicting with the social norm.

Amir’s father, lovingly called “Baba,” treats Hassan as a
second son and Amir is uncertain between feelings of admiration and hatred for
his honorable father. Likewise, his contradictory jealousy and appreciation of
Hasan continually put their “friendship” on edge.  Hassan’s virtue was the only factor that grips
the relationship together. Khalid Hosseini describes the household’s complex
family changing aspects brightly. Some characters as completely hateful as
Amir. Hosseini takes on jealousy, hatred, and injustice, conveying the reader
to recognize with a character so dreadful that they shake to identify their own
understanding. The initial chapters make an atmosphere that promise to be a
much-needed deviation from typical stories of heroism and goodness.

Amir’s character was actually the version of author’s
younger self; some experiences seem too intense to be fictional.

In the 1970’s one winter day after the kite tournament of
the title, Amir’s weakness reaches its height when he refuses to help Hassan in
his shadiest hour. This attitude of Amir leads to the end of the “happy family”
and spreads the seeds of self-loathing that will grow in Amir as he grows a man,
generating a divide between himand his father.

While anarchy overcomes Afghanistan, the story jumps ahead numerous
years, as Amir and his father seek refuge in America. Author shares the
problems of being uprooted and the feelings of isolation experienced in leaving
one’s motherland. But, the emotional development of the characters is more
central to the plot.

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