The present research work has been carried out in Lucknow city. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. It is located in Awadh (Oudh) region and it is the largest city of Uttar Pradesh. Hindi is the main language of the city and Urdu is also widely spoken in the city. Prior the capital was controlled by the Delhi Sultanate which was then controlled by Mughal rulers. After that it was later transferred to the Nawabs of Awadh. In 1856, the British East India Company took whole control of the city. On 15 August 1947 along with the rest of India, Lucknow also became independent from British rule.General Characteristics:The city is also called as the ‘City of Nawab’. It is also known as the multicultural city and Golden city of the East because of its heritage culture. The splendour and magnificence of the Nawabi era has been glorified with the ages of different writers, poets and historians. Along with its cultural refinement, it is also associated with its legendary hospitality and leisurely moods of life in history. Lucknow is the site of Vidhan Sabha, the High Court (Allahabad’s bench) and numerous government departments and agencies also. Lucknow has the highest population of Shia Muslim.Etymology:”Lakhnau”is the local pronunciation of the “Lucknow”. According to the legend, the city is named on a character Lakshmana who was younger brother of Lord Rama as mentioned in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana. The legend states that Lakshmana had a palace or estate in this area, which was called as Lakshmanapuri which means Lakshmana’s city. However, the Dalit movement believes that city gets its name from a dalit ruler Lakhan Pasi, who was the settler of the city. By the 11th century it came to be known as Lakhanpur (or Lachhmanpur), and then Lucknow.¬† Aanother theory states that the city’s name is connected with the Hindu goddess of wealth i.e. Lakshmi. By the passing of time, the name changed to Laksmanauti, Laksmnaut, Lakhsnaut, Lakhsnau and, finally, Lakhnau.There is also a story that the town is named on Lakhna who is a milk seller. He got the spiritual blessings of a Muslim saint after which he became rich and he founded the town. Even the Ain-i-Akhbari, as a part of the suba of Avadh does not mention anything about the origin of the name of Lucknow (V. C. Sharma). During British period in 1857 Lucknow was one of the major centers of Indian rebellion. It emerged as an important city of North India and in Independent India; Lucknow became the capital of Uttar Pradesh (A.H. Sharar). ¬†Geography and Climate:The city is situated in the Gangetic plain. It stands at an elevation of 123 meters above sea level and covers an area of 2,528 square kilometres (976 sq mi). It is surrounded by many villages and rural towns like Malihabad, Kakori, Mohanlal ganj, Gosainganj, Itaunja, Amrai etc. Some districts are located on its sides like Barabanki district lays in eastern side, Unnao in the west, Raebareli on the south and Sitapur and Hardoi districts on the northern side. The city has thirteen stations such as Alambagh, Malhaur, Utretia, Dilkhusha, Gomtinagar, Badshahnagar, Manaknagar, Amausi, Aishbagh junction, Lucknow city, Mohibullapur and other two are sub-urban stations i.e. Bakshi ka talab and Kakori. All stations are within city limits and connected with each other via road. The famous river Gomti, flows from North West to south east which divides the city, into two major regions i.e. Cis-Gomti and Tans-Gomti regions.Lucknow has a humid subtropical climate. It has cool and dry winters with fog from mid November to February. It has thunderstorms with dry hot winds in summers from late March to June. The rainy season is from July to September when the city gets an average rainfall of 896.2 millimetres (35.28 in). Lucknow has only 4.66 percent of forest area, which is much less than the state which covers around 7 percent. The trees grown here are Shisham, Dhaak, Mahuamm, Babul, Neem, Peepal, Ashok, Khajur, Mango and Gular.Lucknow has varieties of mangoes, especially Dasheri which grow in the Malihabad area adjacent to the city. The main crops are wheat, paddy, sugarcane, mustard, potatoes, and vegetables such as cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, and brinjals. Similarly, sunflowers, roses, and marigolds are cultivated. Many medicinal and herbal plants are also grown here.Demographic Features: As per census 2011, the total population of the city is 2,815,601 in which 1,470,133 were men and 1,345,468 are women. This population has increased from the population of 2001 which was 2,245,509. The 25.8 percent was the estimated decadal growth rate of the year 2001-2011. The population density of the city is 1,816 people per sq. km which has also increased from 1,443 people per sq. km. in 2001. The highest proportion of its population in the Lucknow city is of Hindu i.e. 67 percent which is followed by 30 percent of Muslims and 0.3 percent of Jains and others are 2.3 percent only. Third gender population in Lucknow was scattered in many places and about population there was no specific data or counted data available.As per census 2011, the sex ratio of the city is 915 women per 1000 male which is increased from last previous years. However, still the sex ratio of the Lucknow city is less than the average sex ratio of our country which is 940 as per thousand male.The city is a hub of education but still a large number of people are illiterate. As per census report in 2011 total literacy rate of Lucknow city is 3,226,214 i.e. 79.8 percent where as male literacy rate is 1,799,177 i.e. 84.3 percent and female literacy rate is 1,427,037 i.e. 73.9 percent. The data is shown in table below and this table also illustrates about the literacy rate of Uttar Pradesh which is lower than the literacy rate of the city.

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