The reflective piece “black out” recountsthe experience of an educated young man who is being bombarded by his motherwho not only is uneducated but is delusional as it relates to social status andthe requirements of social mobility. The writer deftly employs dialectvariations to illustrate how education and socialization can affect a person’slanguage. Dialect variation refers to change in the form of the language overgeography, time and culture. This is seen throughout the passage. Examples orlanguage variation in the passage are ; in the poem , “Said to be free, touchya suh, inna yuh min! and is also present in the dialog of the passage.         The language variation the passage isbetween Standard English and the Jamaican creole.

This is brought forth by bothJohn and the Narrator of the poem by the use of code switching. Code switchingis switching form one language to another and done by switching between StandardEnglish and Jamaican creole, formal and informal language. In the poem thelanguage variation is used to carry across the narrator’s point as a doubleantondra as it highlights the fact that you any really free, you just thing youare and the chains which were once one the body are now on the mind. Also inthe dialog, john code switches to satisfy his mother.        Attitudes to language refer to how anindividual views to language whether it is in a positive or negative light. Anegative attitude towards language show in the passage is in the dialog whenJohn’s mother commented on his use of standard when talking to her, “Lisen miman! Fus ting, stop chat like dat, suh fancy fancy up. Yuh  nuh more betta dan me.” This response byJohn’s mother shows that she things John is showing superior to her because he can speak in standard English andchooses now to speak the language of the common folk, Jamaican Creole 

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