The first source,”Children’s Eating Attitudes and Behavior: A Study of the Modelling andControl Theories of Parental Influence” studies the effects that parentshave on their children in regards to their eating habits. According to (Brown& Ogden, 2004), if parents can be encouraged to recognize that their owneating behavior is the most important source of information for their childrenthen maybe parents can be encouraged to adopt a ‘do as I say not as I do’approach to their children’s food intake.
The results of the study found that the parents andthe children both shared a similar diet that according to the researchers,consisted of many unhealthy snack foods such as crisps, chocolate and biscuits(Brown & Ogden, 2004). The researchers also noticed that whilst controlover diet, however, influenced the child’s food intake and not their attitudes,using food to control behavior was found to have the reverse effect (Brown& Ogden, 2004). Onepsychological concept that this study focuses on is parental control. Accordingto (Brown & Ogden, 2004), some research has explored the impact ofcontrolling food intake by rewarding the consumption of ‘healthy food’ as in’if you eat your vegetables I will be pleased with you’.Using crediblesources helps to ensure that the claims made in the Action Plan are truthfuland accurate.
Thissource is credible because it is a peer-reviewed research journal published bya university press that is known worldwide. The source is relevant to the problem of childhoodobesity because the study looks not only at the eating habits and motivationsof children, but also the eating habits of their parents, along with thecontrol they have over their children’s diets. The study conforms to the ethical guidelines of psychologyby following the informed consent rule when recruiting participants.
Aletter was sent to the head teachers of the schools, explaining the nature ofthe project and requesting participation from one of their year groups (Brown& Ogden, 2004). The researchers were very transparent in what the study wasabout, thus gaining approval of the school to continue recruiting participants.Information was then sent to parents requesting consent for their children toparticipate and asking if they would take part (Brown & Ogden, 2004). This study does notcontain any personal details regarding the participants names, the name of theschool or its staff, so they have maintained privacy and confidentiality.The second source,”Targeting Parents Exclusively in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity:Long-Term Results” takes a deeper look into the long-term effects thatparents can have over their children’s eating habits as the children grow up. The goal of thisresearch is to determine if a health-centered approach rather thanweight-centered approach (Golan & Crow, 2004) is more appropriate to helpcombat childhood obesity in the home long-term. The results of the study found that overall, the reductionin percent overweight was greater at all follow-up points in children of theparent-only group compared to those in the children only group (Golan &Crow, 2004).
Thepsychological concepts that this study looks at is the comparison of parentalmodeling to parental control to see which has a greater affect. It is necessaryto alter the home environment rather than be preoccupied with the child’sweight, because such a preoccupation may damage the child’s self-esteem as wellas the relationship between the parent of the child (Golan & Crow, 2004).This source iscredible because both authors have published recently and also there was nooutside funding/support to provide any type of bias. This source is relevant to the problem of childhoodobesity because it shows that a home environment focused on healthy eating andincreased physical activity has a much more positive impact than a homeenvironment focused solely on a how much a child weighs. This study follows the guidelines of informed consent.
TheEthics Committee for Human Experimentation of Tel Aviv University approved theresearch protocol, and all parents provided written informed consent (Golan& Crow, 2004). Theresearch tells us that fifty of the 60 children initially randomly recruitedwere located after 7 years (Golan & Crow, 2004). This implies that thechildren were aware that they did not have to consent to the study even afterthe first and second follow up visits were conducted.