The first source,
“Children’s Eating Attitudes and Behavior: A Study of the Modelling and
Control Theories of Parental Influence” studies the effects that parents
have on their children in regards to their eating habits. According to (Brown
& Ogden, 2004), if parents can be encouraged to recognize that their own
eating behavior is the most important source of information for their children
then maybe parents can be encouraged to adopt a ‘do as I say not as I do’
approach to their children’s food intake. The results of the study found that the parents and
the children both shared a similar diet that according to the researchers,
consisted of many unhealthy snack foods such as crisps, chocolate and biscuits
(Brown & Ogden, 2004). The researchers also noticed that whilst control
over diet, however, influenced the child’s food intake and not their attitudes,
using food to control behavior was found to have the reverse effect (Brown
& Ogden, 2004). One
psychological concept that this study focuses on is parental control. According
to (Brown & Ogden, 2004), some research has explored the impact of
controlling food intake by rewarding the consumption of ‘healthy food’ as in
‘if you eat your vegetables I will be pleased with you’.

Using credible
sources helps to ensure that the claims made in the Action Plan are truthful
and accurate. This
source is credible because it is a peer-reviewed research journal published by
a university press that is known worldwide. The source is relevant to the problem of childhood
obesity because the study looks not only at the eating habits and motivations
of children, but also the eating habits of their parents, along with the
control they have over their children’s diets. The study conforms to the ethical guidelines of psychology
by following the informed consent rule when recruiting participants. A
letter was sent to the head teachers of the schools, explaining the nature of
the project and requesting participation from one of their year groups (Brown
& Ogden, 2004). The researchers were very transparent in what the study was
about, thus gaining approval of the school to continue recruiting participants.
Information was then sent to parents requesting consent for their children to
participate and asking if they would take part (Brown & Ogden, 2004). This study does not
contain any personal details regarding the participants names, the name of the
school or its staff, so they have maintained privacy and confidentiality.

The second source,
“Targeting Parents Exclusively in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity:
Long-Term Results” takes a deeper look into the long-term effects that
parents can have over their children’s eating habits as the children grow up. The goal of this
research is to determine if a health-centered approach rather than
weight-centered approach (Golan & Crow, 2004) is more appropriate to help
combat childhood obesity in the home long-term. The results of the study found that overall, the reduction
in percent overweight was greater at all follow-up points in children of the
parent-only group compared to those in the children only group (Golan &
Crow, 2004). The
psychological concepts that this study looks at is the comparison of parental
modeling to parental control to see which has a greater affect. It is necessary
to alter the home environment rather than be preoccupied with the child’s
weight, because such a preoccupation may damage the child’s self-esteem as well
as the relationship between the parent of the child (Golan & Crow, 2004).

This source is
credible because both authors have published recently and also there was no
outside funding/support to provide any type of bias. This source is relevant to the problem of childhood
obesity because it shows that a home environment focused on healthy eating and
increased physical activity has a much more positive impact than a home
environment focused solely on a how much a child weighs. This study follows the guidelines of informed consent. The
Ethics Committee for Human Experimentation of Tel Aviv University approved the
research protocol, and all parents provided written informed consent (Golan
& Crow, 2004). The
research tells us that fifty of the 60 children initially randomly recruited
were located after 7 years (Golan & Crow, 2004). This implies that the
children were aware that they did not have to consent to the study even after
the first and second follow up visits were conducted.

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