This is the first book I read about by Thomas Hardy.
It’s one of the books I can call “good reading”. Although I am not a
fan of  Thomas Hardy, I like this book
very much. It is told the struggle to become a big and important person by
going to a genocide town called Jude who lives in the rural part of Romania.
But before the genocide, there is a woman who is not at all ethical, and then there
are other obstacles. The struggle against all these obstacles is given by the
author’s own style in response to the challenges given to life. Jude’s great
and respectful struggle for education is then transformed into a gathering for
love and a challenge to the church. However, in this struggle, in which the
fate and society are oppressed, the human being is still affectionate.

Hardy invests all dominant norms in society in the
table; the social class system, marriage, religion, sexuality, especially how
organized religion can turn into a monster. Thomas Hardy, one of the
forerunners of 19th century English literature with poems and novels, is
telling a complicated life with a comprehensive text on rural life, which also
serves as a fund in other Jude’s works. This novel, covering all phases of the
life of the main character Jude Fawley, goes far beyond being a work of drawing
a classic rural life chart, because it is compelling and daring in terms of the
language and language used and the religious and social conditions of the time
it was used. Jude Fawley is an unfortunate child in a family context, living a
difficult life in Marygreen, pointing to a small universe. The separation of
the teacher, Phillotson, who is the only person who positively affects his
life, becomes a factor that increases the already existing hereditary
unhappiness. But according to Jude, Christminster is not only a center for
science and religion, but also a city of happiness. Reminiscent of a utopian
city, Christminster is a world that is far beyond his time, able to make a man
competent according to Jude. As a matter of fact, the fact that the idea of
??immigrating there is definite makes it possible for Jude to enter into the
period of enlightenment and to do intellectual work on it.

The negativities in hero’s life also occur precisely
in this period. For example, Jude does not always bring the books he wants when
he promises a character, a mixture of doctor and charlatan, who constantly
travels where he lived. Even though he does this, Jude is unbearable and starts
to study with his own efforts. Arabella, one of the three great characters on
the Roman axis and at the center of the agonies of Jude’s emotional and sexual
life, is one of the most important details in which the novel is boldly brave
… It is quite brave that it does just what it does to meet Jude, a cycle in
which everyday life is surrounded by the church and therefore religion. Sue,
who caused Jude to turn into a kind of Majnun along with Arabella, is the main
source of the character’s and his emotional conflicts. Although the blood ties
between them are back on the battlefield, they are on the “family”
and “unhappy marriages” it is an element that reminds us of the
importance of constantly emerging. It can be said that there are basically two
breaking points in this novel. The first is that Jude meets Arabella and
marries in a fast process, taking a very different life, which causes Jude to
abandon his dream of Christminster and leave behind his idealistic character. A
“pig cutting” scene during the period of their marriage is a detail
that shows the reader that a difference between the twin ceilings and a
marriage that should never have happened. Arabella’s attempt to turn this event
into a kind of ritual ceremony, the fact that the pig is respected because it
is alive-even if it looks that way-reveals the basic incompatibility between
the two.

Indeed, Jude is a naive character who is careful not
to step on even the worms while walking in his childhood, as the author has
clearly portrayed, and this scene is the first indication of the separation
between him and his wife. The other breaking point is that they leave after
wandering years with their husbands and go to Cristminster and meet their
relative Sue there. Sue was certain about the fact that her natural marriage
with Jude was complied with morality, because it was grounded on love rather
than emotional pleasure as Arabella’s. But this still ran contradict to the
then social moral principles which did not welcome the women who opposed to
traditional marriage. Rejected by contemporary society, their legal marriage
was delayed. They were disliked by the public because of their odd style of
life. To avoid meeting Arabella and other friends, they decided to move off again.
As Jude requested, they returned to Christminster. However, there the pregnant
Sue with their children was still rejected by many landlords. In order to find
a place to live, Sue had no choice but to move about in the street with her
eldest son Father Time. Then the tragedy happened: Father Time killed his
brothers and sisters and then himself. Extremely astounded and grapes by the
sadness of her children’s death, Sue, the once independent and fearless woman,
finally broke down. She was affected by the mind of self-abasement before the
law and the convention that she used to resist. Considering her first marriage
solid, at last Sue returned to

indulging herself in agony as his wife this time out of her own will. She
sacrificed herself in her remarriage with Phillotson that was not satisfactory
but conventionally accepted. Sue’s attempt to put her advanced ideas into
effect proved to be a failure, which suggested that the gap between new women’s
ideal world and the reality was large and deep. Sue’s ideal world was full of
liberty, where people could exhibit their individual character in full swing,
without being influenced by others. They are given the right to enjoy freedom
in religion, political matters, love, and marriage.Based on more material
things related to Arabella, Jude reveals his emotional tendencies in relation
to Sue. Especially, Sue’s character based on ambiguities causes the death of
Jude’s Cristminster-based utopian life, when Phillotson’s teacher becomes
engaged. The rhetoric of the marriage institution of the characters of Jude’s
marriage and non-marriage relations with Jude, Arabella and Sue, which has not
been welcomed in the religious-based social life of the time, and which caused
the beginning of an excommunication process, he played a big part in his fate.

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