project is a written essay based on 20th and 21st century
building’s architecture and design respectively. Apart of that, I need to
express the understanding in this subject clearly in this project. As for the
20th century building and 21st century building, I have
chosen Barr Smith Library and Tama Art University Library respectively.
Barr Smith honoured the Barr Smith Library in the year 1899. The centre of
North Terrace campus, Adelaide, Australia, where Barr Smith Library was located
and the building also one of the main library of University of Adelaide. There
were 2 level- storey in Barr Smith Library including reading room and level 3
designated as a quiet collaborative area where private discussion was occurred.
ART UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
University Library is an academic library in Tokyo, Japan. The university
consist of two libraries locations, one on the Hachioji campus and the other one
on Kaminoge campus. Hidemi Kondo, is the major person of Tama Art University
Library. The library is an inspiration for students, so does its facilities of
the university. The library specially designed for relaxation space in mind,
and its has an open area for visitors to rest.
1.1 HISTORY OF BARR SMITH
Barr Smith family, a
pioneer family in South Australia who owes Barr Smith Library. Robert Barr
Smith graduated from Glasgow University in 1842 when he was 18 years old. He started
to supply merchant to the colonies of Australia before undertake on a business
career as a commission.
he moved to Melbourne and after two years he was in Adelaide, just twenty years
after the proclamation of the Colony of South Australia. In 1856, Robert happily
married to Joanna Lang Elder, sister of his business partner, Thomas Elder. By
1890, the family company Elder Smith & CO. gathered remarkable wealth, and focused in the
social and cultural development of the Colony. In 1874, the University of
Adelaide was founded and Robert Barr Smith served as a member of its Council
for 19 years.
the University Council resolved that its library should titled the name “The
Barr Smith Library”. It was the third University library in Australia (after
Melbourne and Sydney). November 1915, the month of death of Robert Barr Smith,
his family gave a permanent endowment to the University of Adelaide Library. In
January 1927, Tom Elder Barr Smith, son of late Robert Barr Smith, offered £20,000
and later the amount increased to £30,000 (RM164023.31), which would
comfortably and magnificent construction of the library that named after his
father, which will be a perfect completion within 5 years, which was officially
opened in March 1932.
1.2 HISTORY OF BARR SMITH LIBRARY’S ARCHITECTURE.
Walter Hervey Bagot was a
South Australian architect. The responsibility of the renovation was given to
Walter Bagot, whose portfolio was quite impressive. There are some of his
splendid work, National War Museum and Bonython Hall after being
a leading architect for St. Peter’s Cathedral and St. Francis Xavier’s
The building benefited
the sufficient area with the books and most readers plus a closed- access stack
to conserve space, by combining reading room together with the building. The
new building has the space for at least two hundred readers and also more than 15,000
books in the reading room. The building has constructed of red brick with stone
dressings, the Library’s freestone portico. These interior leads directly into
an enormous and luxurious reading room.
The building was designed
based on classic Renaissance, which was thought to be a highly flexible and
appropriate for Adelaide’s Mediterranean climate. As an addition to the
building, it was described beautifully with palatial, ornate, impressive,
is an architecture between the period of early 14th and early 17th
centuries in different regions. There is development of certain elements of
ancient Greek and Roman. Based on Renaissance style, the architecture emphasis
on symmetry, proportion, and geometry.
It’s also have orderly
use of semi-circular arches, hemispherical domes, aediculas, and niches as the
replacement of complex proportional systems and also irregular profiles of
medieval buildings. Renaissance architecture has some unique characteristics,
examples the plan of the building was in squares shape and also its symmetrically
based on the structure. The pictures below show the plan of the building from