This world is full of different ideas and beliefs on how the world was created and how we were created but none have been proven to be true. This research paper will go into depth of one of the many beliefs in this world, greek mythology, but not just greek mythology. The twelve olympian gods and goddesses, although there are plentiful of gods and goddesses in greek mythology, the twelve impact beliefs and the world the most. The Twelve include Athena, Aphrodite, Artemis, Poseidon, Zeus, Ares, Hermes, Apollo, Hera, Hestia, Demeter, and Dionysus, although there were more to be considered part such as Hades and Hephaestus. Despite how each god and each goddess have their own story and own power to the earth, each and everyone’s story intertwines with another and without ones story, another may not even exist. Every story needs a teller and every religion needs a preacher so the question his, who was the storyteller of the twelve olympians? His name is Homer, there is little known of him but evidence of his travels throughout greece. The strongest evidence of his travels is in the Greek island of Chios and just so happens to be near the city of Troy that also may or may not be fictitious. Some other claims of his existence lie within several encyclopedias in Greece. Within these encyclopedias are entries of a poet named Homer, but as timelines are reviewed it is said that Homer himself did not write these entries due to him being in Greece where there had not yet been alphabet or a written language but specialists say these entries were written by his followers that preserved his stories word for word and then passed down. There is another poet who told their tale that goes by the name Hesiod. Hesiod goes by the name of the father of written greek poetry, within his writing he said that he was chosen by the muses to appointed him to be their prophet and poet. How did the twelve olympians come to be? To know how they had come to be we must start on the creation itself, so what was the first story? There are different versions on the first story and how the earth were born but the most well known is by Gaea, also well known as mother earth herself. Gaea had emerged from Chaos and had a son whom she had named Uranus. Gaea had given birth to twelve titans but Uranus concealed them in the depths of the earth to never see light but the youngest of their children, Cronos had overthrown him and killed him but his father prophesied the same would happen to him but cronos didn’t listen and took his place as king of the gods. Cronos married his sister Rhea but every child they had he swallowed in fear that the prophecy were true but little did he know that she had hidden a child that she had named Zeus from him. Zeus came back to Mount Olympus as a cupbearer to his father which whom he had poisoned and freed all of his brothers and sisters from inside him. His siblings included Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia. And that was only the beginning of the twelve olympians. The first story was only the start of the creation of the twelve olympians, but each have a story of their own that play their own role in Mount Olympus. The twelve began with only six and from there it’s all comes together like like Spring, Summer, Winter, and Fall. The first six Olympian gods and goddesses were Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hestia, Hera, and Demeter. Zeus is not at all as Disney or any stories portrayed him to be, in fact all the other gods were scared of him and he was seen as having a lot of rage towards anyone who would criticize him in any way.. He was much like his father Cronus and very unloyal to everyone including his sister and wife, Hera. Zeus had countless affairs with many mortals, goddesses, and nymphs that ended with many children. Some of Zeus’s children included Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Persephone, Hebe, Hephaestus, Heracles, Perseus, and Dionysus, but there were much more children that he had. Not everything about Zeus was atrocious, in fact he did have some favorable qualities and purpose. Zeus was the king and father of both gods and men and kept the stars and planets in order, meaning he was the ruler of the sky and whoever ruled the sky was said to rule all. He also made laws, enforced oaths, and pronounced oracles but within different stories Zeus had different or more responsibilities. Hera was the queen of heavens and the queen of gods, she was also the sister and wife of Zeus, and child of Cronus and Rhea, but although she was the goddess of birth and marriage, She was extremely jealous and vengeful toward her unloyal husband and his many mistresses and offspring. In every story or myth that Hera would appear she would always be up to no good and was always tormenting somebody, whether it be someone who had annoyed her, crossed her, or one of her husbands mistresses or offspring. Hera had three children with her husband Zeus but all were thoroughly unpleasant in appearance or personality. Her children included Arel who was the god of war, Hephaestus who was a blacksmith god but also repulsively hideous, and last was her only daughter Eris who was the goddess of discord. Just as her Husband Zeus had many special gifts, she had one of her own. Hera had the gift and ability to prophesy the future for herself and she could bestow the gift of prophecy on others gods and even humans. Even though she could use the gift of prophecy for a favorable purpose, she chose to use it differently. Any god or human she bestowed that gift on she made sure that it was full of failure, doomed lover, sickness, or death, making her gift a curse to fear and gods and humans to hope they never received. Hestia was a sister to Zeus and Hera, and also child of Cronus and Rhea  who was known as a virgin goddess and the goddess of home, hearth, architecture, family, and domesticity.  Hestia is not known to have a certain personality since the greeks saw home to be too sacred to talk or gossip about but there were many sacred traditions done to honor her. A few traditions the greek did to honor her include walking a newborn baby by the home fire before the baby was received into the family, the greek established a town and community of fire and hearth to honor hestia with an eternal flame and every time a new town were built or moved families brought burning coal to place in the new community. Hestia was one of three virgin goddesses and the eldest of her siblings, Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, and Demeter. Zeus had the skies, Hades the underworld and Poseidon the sea. Poseidon had always loved the sea and was ecstatic that he had the honor of ruling over it. Poseidon was the god of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses but he was also known as a fertility god and was worshipped in connection to navigation. Upon ruling over the sea Poseidon built an entire underwater city and a palace made of pearl and coral for himself. He married a water nymph but had many affairs, some myths say that he has had over one hundred children. Sadly also just as his brother Zeus, Poseidon was also an unloyal man filled with greed and rage that would cause massive storms and hurricanes that could wipe out towns and cities,  that would never forgive and always wanted more than he already had. In one attempt of trying to gain control over more Poseidon had tried to gain the city of Attica, or now known as Athens, only to lose in a competition with Athena. After his terrible loss he decided to take a trip up to Mount Olympus and stay a while to make sure he did not lose anymore territory to the other gods but during his visit he saw his beautiful sister Demeter and tried to pursue her but she did not want anything to do with him. Eventually Poseidon had Demeter cornered and she finally told him that if he could give her the most beautiful treasure on earth then she will be his. Poseidon made her a horse, but not just any horse, a horse more beautiful than Aphrodite herself. After making the beautiful creature he had become so fascinated with it that he forgot about Demeter and made an entire herd of horses which whom he rode off with in the wind. Demeter was another sister of Zeus, and also a spawn of Cronus and Rhea. Demeter was the Goddess of many things, she was the goddess of harvest, fertility of earth, agriculture, sacred law, and the cycle of life and death. Demeter is overall known as a good goddess and has a festival in her honor at the beginning of  harvest, she also has temples built for people to worship her. Demeter had a daughter who was taken from her by her brother Hades and in that time the earth grew barren while the seasons stopped and all life began to stop growing and die because of her grieving. Zeus had eventually sent his son Hermes to the underworld retrieve her daughter from Hades to prevent the extinction of all life on earth. Her daughter had to return to the underworld through autumn and fall because hades had fed her the seeds of a special pomegranate that bounded her to live with him in the underworld through autumn and winter. Through the time her daughter is gone Demeter grieves making everything on earth to grow cold and to stop growing, but as her daughter returns all life returns and the weather becomes warm.Hades was the god of the dead, the wealth,  and ruled the underworld, in some myths Hades was not considered part of the twelve while in other myths and legends he was due to the fact that he was a son of Cronus and Rhea and the brother of the first Olympian gods. He also helped his brother Zeus in dethroning and killing their cruel father. Hades did not travel outside of the underworld much because he was a god who is not worshipped and was also not welcomed by both gods and men and has never been favored although he did not choose to rule the underworld. Hades is not in many legends but the legends of him and Zeus’s army defeating the titans and his father. Hades also stole Persephone from her mother, Demeter, to be his queen in the underworld but Zeus had found him and Persephone after Demeter refusing to care for the harvest on earth. Hades could not say no to Zeus so he fed Persephone seeds of a pomegranate which bounded her to live with him in the underworld through autumn and winter. Hera and Zeus had few children together and most were dreadful and unaccepted by the other gods. The only child of Hera and Zeus to have been part of the twelve Olympians is Ares, the god of war. Ares was known to violent and dangerous, and Homer described him to be murderous and the incarnate curse on the human race. The only god to ever love him was Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. Ares and Aphrodite had several children together but all took characteristics from their father. Ares had fought in the trojan war where he fought on the trojans side alone side Hector. Aphrodite is the goddess of fertility, love, and beauty. Unlike other gods and goddesses, Aphrodite has two completely different origin stories that end with her in the same place, Mount Olympus. The first is that she was the daughter of one of Zeus’s many affairs with women, but in this case it was with Dione who was the goddess of the oak tree. The second and most famous story is that when Cronus had slain his father Uranus and threw his male genitalia into the sea, it dissolved into seafoam in which Aphrodite had arisen. She rose naked from a scallop shell where the wind pushed her to the island of Cythera. Cythera was a very dull island with only sand and rock but as the goddess of beauty laid foot on the island it started to bloom, making it one of the most beautiful areas in Greece. Soon after Zeus had seen her beauty and brought her to Olympus where Hera told him that if he didnt marry her off, war was to come. Once Zeus had seen that the prophecy was true, he married her to the ugliest god of all, Hephaestus. In a turn of events, after their marriage she had three children but they were not Hephaestus’s, they belonged to Ares. Hephaestus learned of her unfaithfulness from another god and had wanted to return her to Zeus but she was unfaithful to all of the gods. She did try to pick up other skills such as weaving but Athena had complained to Zeus and had her banned from ever attempting to do another gods skill so she stuck to her own and caused more issues among the gods. She was as dangerous as she was beautiful and In the end was the one who caused one of the Greeks greatest tragedies, the Trojan War.Athena is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. As she was a goddesses over a great deal of subjects, it’s easy to see how she is the favorite of Zeus’s children, although it didn’t start that way. Athena was the child of another one of Zeus’s affairs but in the wind came a voice that told Zeus that if Metis would bare a son, he would depose of him as he deposed of his father. Zeus knew then that he had to destroy her and that child causing him to swallow metis along with her unborn child. Not long after he had done so he had a severe migraine and feeling as if a sword was stabbing at his skull and was ready to burst out, Zeus had Hephaestus split his skull open, as he did that a tall woman bursted out dressed in a suit of armor. Even through that incident occurring, Zeus was more than delighted to meet his daughter, and since the way she had been born, she was then to be a goddesses of intellectual activities. Athena appeared in many myths and legends but the most famous was how the battle between her and poseidon for Athens. Poseidon ruled over the sea but after he grew tired of only having the sea he went on a search for a city he could claim, he found the city of Attica and claimed it his by planting his trident in the ground where a salt spring spounted. The people of Attica knew him to be cruel and a bit bipolar so they had prayed to Zeus for him to help, Zeus ignored their pleas for help but Athena heard and came to help. Athena had sprouted an olive tree by Poseidon’s salt water spring which left Poseidon outraged causing him to raise a monstrous storm to reign down on the city of Attica which wiped out an entire fleet of fishermen. Zeus then came and called a counsel of gods to vote on who should rule over and they chose Athena, in that day the members and townsmen of Attica renamed the city Athens as a token of gratitude.Apollo and Artemis were twins born from Zeus and Leto, Apollo was the god of many things, of which include, poetry, music, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge. Artemis on the other hand was the goddess of the hunt, forest, moon, archery, forests, and hills. While leto was in labor she could not push out Artemis

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