Title 2:”We know with confidence only when we know little; with knowledgedoubt increases” (adapted from JW Goethe). Discuss this statement withreference to two areas of knowledge.Word Count: Knowledge and being certain of it plays a huge role in society nowadays. Knowledge can bedefined differently for every human being, however it has common meaning for everyone. Accordingto Plato “knowledge is the justifiedtrue belief”. People that areconfident with having little knowledge, tend to be more ignorant when they obtain new data . At that point, confidence can be described as the consciousness and certainty of one’s powers in different circumstances.
Thus , confidence can be considered as thestate of being certain. Itis true that we know with confidence only when we know little since withappearance of new data confidence diminishes and falsification of knowledge increases thedoubt. Forthcoming of new information affects theconfidence. From the perspective of ethics, increase of knowledge increases theuncertainty of the situation.
For example, abortion could not be consideredethical. Consider the natural sciences and the way the humanbrain is developed. It is clear that at this young fetus stage, it does nothave a brain. This causes an increase in doubt as From theperspective of human science hypothesis and theory could be considered with aneye to prove that new information reduces the confidence.
Disproving a hypothesis creates knowledge since it requires evidence however induces questioning creating doubt. Todisprove the theory of spontaneous generation, Louis Pasteur devised a way toflask that allowed oxygen in, but prevented dust from entering. The broth didnot show signs of life until he broke off the neck of the flask allowing dust,and therefore microbes, to enter. Through this experiment, Pasteur demonstratedthat life arises from existing life. This experiment laid the foundation forthe development of pasteurization, a process of heating food for the purpose ofdestroying harmful human pathogens.
Pasteur discovered that the destruction ofbacteria can be accomplished by exposing them to a specific minimum temperaturefor specific minimum amount of time. Unlike sterilization, however, pasteurizationdoes not kill all microorganisms. Rather, pasteurization results in a reductionin the number of viable microorganisms. Proper refrigeration of food helps toprevent further growth and spoilage.
Appearance of new data and diminishingof confidence leads to the progress in actions of human being . The existence of doubt means that the knowledge is imperfect.Doubt therefore helps humans to improve theirknowledge by telling them that the knowledge they posses is deteriorated, andpushing the knowledge towards completion.Falsificationof knowledge Falsification of theDavson -Danielli Model (Before Davson and Danielli claimed to know that thephospholipid bilayer was sandwiched between two layers of protein however,after using more advanced electron micrographs, Singer Nicolson falsified histheory by proving that proteins exist all around the bilayer- Falsification increases doubt http://danpouliot.com/blog/2013/02/dunning-kruger-effect/ EX NATURAL SCIENCESHypothesis vs Theory:–Disproving the spontaneous generation theory bylouis pasteur Mathematics can be seen as more reliable because ituses reason. Natural science can be less reliable because it relies onobservation.
“P A R A G R A P H 2claimexplanation exampleP A R A G R A P H 3counter- claimexampleconcl It is therefore clearthat mathematics is reliable to an extent, but often it can only show somethingto be true within one fixed system or approach.”P A R A G R A P H 6To conclude it needs to be said that P A R A G R A P H 7https://www.ibmastery.com/blog/history-notes-theory-of-knowledge