Title 2:”We know with confidence only when we know little; with knowledge
doubt increases” (adapted from JW Goethe). Discuss this statement with
reference to two areas of knowledge.

Word Count:

    Knowledge and being certain of it plays a huge role in society nowadays. Knowledge can be
defined differently for every human being,  however it has common meaning for everyone. According
to Plato “knowledge is the  justified
true belief”. People that are
confident with having little knowledge, tend to be more ignorant when they obtain new data . At that point, confidence can be described  as the  consciousness and certainty  of one’s powers in different circumstances. Thus , confidence can be considered as the
state of being certain. It
is true that we know with confidence only when we know little since with
appearance of new data confidence diminishes  and falsification of knowledge increases the

    Forthcoming of new information affects the
confidence. From the perspective of ethics, increase of knowledge increases the
uncertainty of the situation. For example, abortion could not be considered
ethical. Consider the natural sciences and the way the human
brain is developed. It is clear that at this young fetus stage, it does not
have a brain. This causes an increase in doubt as

From the
perspective of human science hypothesis and theory could be considered with an
eye to prove that new information reduces the confidence. Disproving a hypothesis creates knowledge since it requires evidence however induces questioning creating doubt. To
disprove the theory of spontaneous generation, Louis Pasteur devised a way to
flask that allowed oxygen in, but prevented dust from entering. The broth did
not show signs of life until he broke off the neck of the flask allowing dust,
and therefore microbes, to enter. Through this experiment, Pasteur demonstrated
that life arises from existing life. This experiment laid the foundation for
the development of pasteurization, a process of heating food for the purpose of
destroying harmful human pathogens. Pasteur discovered that the destruction of
bacteria can be accomplished by exposing them to a specific minimum temperature
for specific minimum amount of time. Unlike sterilization, however, pasteurization
does not kill all microorganisms. Rather, pasteurization results in a reduction
in the number of viable microorganisms. Proper refrigeration of food helps to
prevent further growth and spoilage.

Appearance of new data and diminishing
of confidence leads to the progress in actions of human being . The existence of doubt means that the knowledge is imperfect.
Doubt therefore helps humans to improve their
knowledge by telling them that the knowledge they posses is deteriorated, and
pushing the knowledge towards completion.

of knowledge Falsification of the
Davson -Danielli Model (Before Davson and Danielli claimed to know that the
phospholipid bilayer was sandwiched between two layers of protein however,
after using more advanced electron micrographs, Singer Nicolson falsified his
theory by proving that proteins exist all around the bilayer
– Falsification increases doubt






Hypothesis vs Theory:

–Disproving the spontaneous generation theory by
louis pasteur


Mathematics can be seen as more reliable because it
uses reason. Natural science can be less reliable because it relies on
observation. ”

P A R A G R A P H  2




P A R A G R A P H 3

counter- claim


concl It is therefore clear
that mathematics is reliable to an extent, but often it can only show something
to be true within one fixed system or approach.”

P A R A G R A P H 6

To conclude it needs to be said that

P A R A G R A P H 7



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