is a scarce science that prolong life, prevents diseases, preserves and
restores health and treat diseases. The study was carried out to investigate
the traditional utilization of fresh-water fish species for trado-medicine and
health care services among rural households in Ogun State. Specifically, the
study described demographic characteristics of the respondents, types of fresh-water
fish species used for trado-medicine and health care services, factors
influencing the utilization of fresh-water fish species for trado-medicine and
health care services and the effects on the demographic characteristics. A
multi-stage sampling technique was employed to draw the sample for the survey. Two
Local Government Areas were purposively selected for the study and five
communities were selected from the selected Local Government Areas, while 16
respondents were purposively selected from each of the selected community.
Thus, a total of 80 respondents were selected and interviewed for the study.
The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics,
Relative Importance Index (RII) and Chi-square analyses. Findings from the
study show the demographic characteristics of the respondents. The
mean age of the respondents was 49 years and the modal class is above 50 years.
Most of the respondents are male, married with low educational qualification, 45.00
percent engaged in herbal trading and 23.75 percent engaged in fish farming as
their primary occupation. Most of them have more than 23 years of fish
trado-medicine experience and they belongs to one or more social association while
88.75 percent of them are aware of the utilization of fresh-water fish for trado-medicine
and health care services.

common fresh-water fish species used for trado-medicine are Clarias,
Malapterurus electricus,
Barilius niloticus, Gymnachus,
Tetraodan fahaka,
Heterobranchus bidorsalis,
Hepsetus, tilapia, mormyrus, Calamoichthys calabaricus
(Eel fish), Polypterus, Chrysichithys nigrodigitatus.
However, the factors found to influence the utilization of fresh-water fish
species for trado-medicine are; potency and effectiveness of fish medicine
compare to orthodox medicine (0.98), its benefit to pregnant women (0.97), cost
effectiveness (0.93), benefit to children’s health especially at infant stage
(0.92), use for blessing new couple during wedding ceremony (0.92), use as a
gift to a new born baby or new bride (0.85), some beliefs that it doesn’t have
side effect on their health (0.78), it use to appease to the gods or use for
sacrifice (0.78), the taste is favourable compare to other traditional medicines

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The most common methods of
administering these fish medicine are herbal porridge (aseje), herbal bath
mixture with local soap, skin incision (gbere), and lotion form to be rubbed on
the skin. However, freshwater fish species are utilizes for fish medicine and
health care services among rural households in the study area.

Therefore the study recommends that
Government and NGOs through the ministry of health, should recognize, support
and fund research for in-depth studies on the manufacture of fresh-water fish
medicine, favourable policy should be introduce and implemented for
popularization of fish medicine, information needed regarding market access,
fish processing, storage and packaging could be made available through the extension
personnel, television and radio for wider coverage and also the fees or charges for NAFDAC registration should be subsidies by the

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