Traffic accidents each year claims the lives of 1.2 million people in the world(1), hundreds are injured and many of them are disabled. Although, the vast majority of these accidents happen in developing countries and affect pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and users of public transport, Because of that we choose most country has traffic disaster, It is Colombia especially.
Bogotá has one of the highest rates of traffic accidents in Colombia. The majority are due to drunk drivers, inexperienced women and reckless drivers of public service (buses, taxis and trucks) who do not respect traffic signs.First of all, In Colombia, in the year 2002 there were 190 thousand traffic accidents which caused 6,063 deaths (one person every 87 minutes)(2), higher than the number produced by the armed conflict in Colombia. Today, it has sufficient knowledge to take action in different areas in order to prevent unnecessary deaths and disabilities. Thus, there are many programs and policies for the prevention of traffic accidents as strategies to reduce speed and alcohol consumption, promoting the use of helmets and seat belts and increase the visibility of pedestrians and cyclists. Likewise, Colombia, in some cities and regions already is starting to see the results of the policies and campaigns which have been implemented. All this campaigns and polices with the purpose of decrease the levels of traffic accidents and the terrifying impact on health and the social and economic costs of injuries caused by traffic accidents in the country.
On the other hand, many researches have important evidence on the issue of injury, its risk factors and ways to prevent deaths caused by motor vehicles. They argument that the increased of motor vehicle accidents is related with the use of alcohol. Moreover, prevention strategies need to be assigning to the specific situation of countries.
From our point of view, the data must be collected and analyzed to demonstrate the impact health; social and economic damage caused by traffic accidents as well as monitor and evaluate road safety interventions. Additionally, public support of the promulgation of new laws, education on road safety, mass transit systems and insurance programs to cover health costs for the victims have led to reductions in deaths(3). However, the cost is still high. Successful strategies in reducing injuries suggest a multisectoral approach that includes the sectors of health, transport, education and law enforcement.
Governments have a crucial role in prevention efforts and create, promote and sustain an environment for road safety.To sum up, there are enough programs and campaigns appointed to prevent traffic accidents. All this campaigns and polices with the purpose of decrease the levels of traffic accidents and the terrifying impact on health and the social and economic costs of injuries caused by traffic accidents in the country. If the persons apply these rules, they will protect their life and the pedestrian’s life’s..