The book “Turning Stones” . written by a practising societal worker. is a superb encyclopaedia of existent life experience for specializers in this country. Marc Parent provides sum-ups of his instances. associated chiefly with kids from hazard groups ; for case. there was a necessity of working with an allegedly comfortable adult female who inexplicably threw her two kids out the window from the 5th floor. There is besides a narrative about a sexually abused misss. diagnosed with a serious sexually transmitted disease and a boy of a drug-addict who threatened to kill his baby brother with a knife.

Furthermore. the writer describes kids digesting the inauspicious effects of their mother’s mental unwellness. such as the bush leagues. whose female parent feared expletives and therefore prevented their kids from eating adequate out of intuition that the nutrient was poisoned. However. the writer encourages immature societal workers and attempts to convert that such attempts should non be underestimated. given that even at the single instance degree it is possible to forestall the rippling consequence which consists in the spread of a societal pathology from coevals to coevals or in a community.

The instance. selected for the present paper. trades with eight-year-old Sean. who given his mental unwellness and his cocaine-dependent mother’s negligent attitude towards him. efforts to kill his biennial old brother with a knife. Harmonizing to the scenario. “Sean was a male child who knew himself and knew his frights.

They were coming for certain. dark ideas that were as familiar and good traveled as the lines of an old baseball baseball mitt. [ … ] Sean had exhibited distressing marks of mental unwellness for the past old ages [ … ] ” ( Parent. 1998. p. 14-15 ) . Sean grows up in a stressogenous environment. given that his female parent frequently leaves the level full of aliens. chiefly drug trades. who frequently exhibit force against each other. In response to mistreat and as a consequence of his upset. Sean has already tried to slay his younger brother with a knife.

Covering with this instance. I would foremost and first necessitate relevant information about the child’s mental unwellness. so I would reach his head-shrinker. It is critically of import to be cognizant of the type and nature of the upset and the chief thorns which can take to the tantrums and acute provinces. I would besides necessitate to pull the family’s profile and happen out his mother’s employment history. Sean’s ain history ( whether he has entree to instruction and healthcare services ) and the other caretakers who participate in the children’s upbringing. If I get stuck or experience powerless. I would happen out with which groups the male child interacts and reach the old societal workers that managed the specified instance and carry on several interviews with Sean and his female parent in order to measure their point of views and attitudes towards the state of affairs.

In this instance. there is an evident and perennial kid disregard. of which the female parent should be accused. At the same clip. given her dependence. which can be classified as a upset. due to the instability it brings to the woman’s psychological and societal life ; hence. she needs to be institutionalized. Her “victims” . Sean and Ben. both need to go to a mental wellness counsellor ; furthermore. disciplinary instruction and extra engagement into equal group would assist Sean. since he has small interpersonal experience with his contemporariess.

The chief strength of the household is the surprising consciousness of the symptoms and possible effects of his unwellness which Sean shows ( Parent. p. 14 ) . Furthermore. the kid is interested in fighting his wellness job and seeks to larn more about it ( Parent. 1998. p. 19 ) . One more resource is the presence of a grandma. who is non knowing plenty about the state of affairs. but appears to be willing to assist her girl and grandsons.

The ethical job a social worker is likely to confront in this state of affairs is the development of an appropriate attitude towards Sean. who has tried to end human life. However. it is critical to understand that the kid himself is non a job or beginning of problem. he is a personality with jobs. associated with parental failure to run into his demands. It is ever necessary to separate between a service user and their current troubles. which might look pathological ; significantly. Mr. Parent successfully manages to happen a common linguistic communication with the small client by appealing to the latter’s humanity and sincere infantile nature.

One of the possible attacks to the instance might be behaviourism. In peculiar. all household members tend to expose certain behaviours: the female parent behaves as an nut. i. e. leaves her kids in order to buy drugs and Lashkar-e-Taibas in ill-famed people like drug traders in order to guarantee she can entree the desired substance. Furthermore. Sean tends to react with certain behaviours to thorns like mother’s absence and noisy visitants: “He felt it undermining in on top of him – the gas. an detonation. a ruddy gyration face. traders. and drug addicts – all of it within the first seconds of being entirely.

It made him angry. but more than anything. it made him hurt for his mother’s return” ( Parent. 1998. p. 17 ) . As a consequence. the male child tends to move sharply or violently. This theory allows societal worker to recognize that these pathological behaviour and comparatively stable and that it is hardly possible to alter them on the long-run footing utilizing short-run session of phone guidance. as Mr. Parent did. Therefore. a broader intercession is needed.

The ecological attack takes into consideration a larger range of factors and positions all groups. involved into instance. as systems ( Vander Zanden. Crandell & A ; Crandell. 2007 ) . Sean’s household is the first microenvironment he faces. so it is his primary beginning of functions. values and forms. Given his mother’s negligent attitude. he likely devaluates household as a supportive environment. as a person’s psychological fortress and is hardly likely to trust it helps him in a adversity. Furthermore. he likely has an alternate position on self-fulfillment: given that his female parent actualizes herself in antisocial. aberrant activities. his mental unwellness might be worsened by the deficiency of normally shared values. associated with self-fulfillment. including community. instruction and calling ( Bronfenbrenner. 1979 ) .

These values are to great extent replaced with aberrant 1s. His immediate milieus besides include vicinity. composed of families similar to his ain. which observe similar value systems. and drug abusers/traders. who often use force as a tool of dialogue and who might “teach” the kid that physical force and aggression are the lone methods of making consensus ( Bronfenbrenner. 1979 ; Vander Zanden et Al. 2007 ) . This is likely one of the grounds why Sean decides to kill his brother ; given that Ben is more dependent upon his female parent. he is more likely to get down shouting in her absence. so Sean might see slaying as a agency of soothing small Ben.

In the context of vicinity. it is of import to observe the civilization that usually forms in such groups. The topographic point is inhabited by low-income households. in which parents frequently abuse chemical substances or intoxicant and neglect their kids. so Sean might acquire used to this mode of upbringing and see no worthy options. If the kid attends a local school. he is likely to socialise with equals. who are similar to him. because they are turning up in the similar households ( Bronfenbrenner. 1979 ) .

However. there is one more system. which might be helpful given its possible engagement into the instance. The system is composed of his grandparents. or Sean’s grandma and her community. which might differ well from his ain. Because of her age. the adult female feels powerless in the present state of affairs. but after having encouragement and preparation from societal service bureau. she is likely to move more assertively and go the children’s caretaker for the period of his mother’s institutionalization and rehabilitation. In this sense. it is besides critically of import that the kid alteration his educational establishment and survey at a regular public school after having the necessary intervention and guidance. Sean’s analytical abilities seem extraordinary. sing his hapless intrafamilial raising. so it is possible to actuate him for educational accomplishment.

There is besides a set of institutional resources which should unify their attempt in covering with the instance. Emergency services for kids at hazard should closely collaborate with the bureaus supplying long-run services and rehabilitative guidance. whereas the latter are supposed to join forces with the school and grandmother’s community in order to assist kids accommodate and acquire involved into societal life. It is besides critical to maintain in touch with the healer and counsellor of Sean and Ben’s female parent. who will go the experts in specifying her preparedness to restart her parental functions. I believe ecological position allows pulling this strategy of functions. attributed to assorted establishments. which might supply helpful resources to the parties involved.

As one can presume. ecological systems theory allows defining general waies for intercession. whereas behavioural position will be helpful in organizing the new life style of the household and extinguishing unwanted or destructive behaviours.

When reading this book. I took a professional attack and tried to deflect from emotions which usually arise when larning about parents maltreating or slaying their kids. This book allowed me to recognize that there are no clear “perpetuators” in household force. i. e. there are no people to take the full duty for the pervert or condemnable act.

It is hardly possible to bear down a drug nut. who is non able to command their actions ; or a individual with an emotional upset. impacted by emphasis over and over once more. with child maltreatment or disregard. As a regulation. persons do non perpetrate offenses out of happy and harmonious life ; alternatively. such actions are exhibited by those affected by multiple troubles in household. occupational. societal and religious dimension. This place. as I believe. is to be assumed by a social worker. torn in two by ethical quandary. given that the book clearly shows it is possible to alter client’s beliefs. wonts and values and later assist them accomplish their full operation.

Harmonizing to the book. as I understood. the most appropriate manner of working with client. even the unsafe individual. is happening the “commonly humane” sides and values and larning more about the person’s likes and disfavors. experiences and worldview in general. For case. there is a dramatic differentiation between Mr. Parent’s and his supervisor’s attitudes towards the male child: the latter labels the kid “crazy” . whereas the social worker demonstrates echt involvement in the boy’s positions on “signs” and likely becomes the first individual who truly cares about what the boys thinks. feels and believes. The author’s position eventually allows forestalling the male child from the act. for which he would fault himself.

The concluding helpful decision I drew from the book is that the line between allegedly “normal” life and personal calamity is highly little and domestic force might happen in everyone’s life under the consequence of outside stressors. This belief will let me as a social worker to avoid the inordinate paternalism and “academic voice” when questioning the client and therefore “turning on” the client’s ain external and internal resources in defying emphasiss. injury and guilt.

Caseworker’s personal response to household force does non stand apart from the professional response and might act upon the latter. After a series of instances. such as those described by Parent. societal worker develops a sort of psychological unsusceptibility to this phenomenon and might lose single attack in covering with “easier” instances. which involve no calamities and necessitate briefer intercession. This might happen because of the accommodation of caseworker’s value and belief systems to the environment. where household force is a regular modus operandi and where salvaging human life becomes a precedence.

On the one manus. the social worker might develop a deeper consciousness of the basic rule of societal work. concentration on the physical safety of the client. On the other manus. in those instances. where there are no critical menaces. the social worker might consciously anticipate them and overrate the bing job. which would ensue in improper accent in goal-setting and instance direction failure. Therefore. it is extremely of import to keep the “unbiased vision” and handle each instance as fundamentally alone.

Reference list

Bronfenbrenner. U. ( 1979 ) . The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge. Ma: Harvard University Press.

Parent. M. ( 1998 ) . Turning Rocks: My Dayss and Nights with Children at Risk: A Caseworker’s Story. Ballantine Books.

Vander Zanden. J. . Crandell. T. & A ; Crandell. C. ( 2007 ) . Human Development. New York: McGraw Hill.

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