UDL is an inclusive framework for learning that aims at minimizing barriers and maximizing learning for all students.Every learner is unique with a set of strengths, needs and different abilities. Strength have been historically quantified such as in Intelligent Quotient, and needs have been labeled as disabilities.The curiculm design has been historically designed based on an “average student”.Research shows that there is not an average student.Strength can that define their learner print. Every learner has Each has needs, strengths and personality that is unique.stemmed for the need of meeting curriculum goals to a diverse group of learners. UDL aims to remove learning barriers that might be imposed by a rigit set of curriculum, that does not adapt to learners needs. It was thought that the problem is with the learner rather than the curriculum design. Neuroscience research has shown that brain has 3 networks:- Recognition network (what)- Skills and strategies (how of learning)- Caring and prioritizing (why of learning)Universal Design was first adopted by … An architect who found the need to remove barriers for the people with disabilities, and found that removing the barriers in the design of building is also beneficial for all people using the same facilities. … found that design for all removes the feeling of … for people with disabilities. A universally design building should be able to accomodate all usersResearch shows that “if you build for those in the margins, you build for everyone”. Curbs, cuts and … are used by people on wheelchairs, people on bikes…Instead of fitting the learners needs to the curriculum, UDL advocates designing the lesson plans right from the start to meet the variability of learners.Before discussing UDL we need to understand the need that brought UDL into life.Rose .. adopted in … the idea of design for all. The framework is curretly being used in …Learners are labled as smart, Variability constitute a strength rather than a weakness. A disability can turn into an ability.UDL guidelines stem from research in neuroscience: … networksSome researchers have questioned if UDL is only functional with the use of technolgyTeachers have questioned if there will be a need for AT when using UDLHow does the learner benefit from UDLHow does the teacher benefit from UDLWhat evidence exist that the learner benefit from UDLWhat evidence exist that the teacher benefit from UDLDoes UDL replace other theoriesUDL has impacted learners with disabilities, either intellectual of physical. Reasearch has yet the prove that UDL will benefit all learners.How to effectively use UDLMultiple ways of represenation: use different senses to reoresent the information to understand the subject matterconsider the various needs of learnersFormative assessments and diagnostic test and peer feedbackGive elarners choicesApply techniques to motive and engage studentsWhat are my goals and what are the barriers that will make my studets not reach the learning goal. To reach the goal UDL proposes 3 principles:1- Multiple means of representation: use multiple senses and multiple ways to present the information2- Multiple means of action an expression, Allow students to demonstrate what they know 3- Multiples of engagement: engagement is different from one learner to another. Presenting choices and options to learner helps them choose helps them interested. Most important is getting barriers in the curriculum out of the learners way, and let them run.