Nixon’s Foreign Policy: Global Balance of Power Period: 7 Background Richard Nixon entered office in the thick of one of the gravest foreign policy crises in American history. The Cold War was at its tallness. 100s of 1000s of American military personnels were in Vietnam. and the positions of society were split down the center. With the assistance of his national security advisor and secretary of province. Henry Kissinger. Nixon felt that it was imperative to alter America’s foreign policy.
They felt that it was necessary to back up our involvements in the long tally ; they felt it necessary to hold a balance of power throughout the universe in order to guarantee peace and prosperity. One has to take into consideration geopolitics when discoursing balance of power. The chief intent is stability by utilizing different political doctrines based on geographics. and self-interest. If the major powers pursued their self-interest rationally and predictably. equilibrium would emerge from the conflicting involvement.
Nixon knew that a strong America is indispensable to planetary equilibrium. and counted on stableness to bring forth it. Under Nixon’s new policy partnership. strength. and the willingness to negociate were the three pillars indispensable in maintaining peace. The policy would halt seeking to extinguish communism and win the Cold War. but instead replace it through new enterprises directed toward happening countries of cooperation. In fact it was clear that the Soviet Union was Nixon’s biggest spouse towards peace.
Nixon parted with the doctrine of containment. and thought that dialogues and peaceable competition would take to beef uping of democracies. These dialogues became known as Detente. When Nixon announced to the universe his new program for foreign personal businesss. it became known as the Nixon Doctrine. It was an lineation of America’s foreign policy that dealt with the ordeal that the past engagement in Korea and Vietnam. which were states with no anterior committedness to us. and in parts non protected by any confederations.
As a consequence he outlined the standards for engagement in universe personal businesss. He stated. “1 ) The United States would maintain its pact committednesss. 2 ) The United States would supply a shield if a atomic power threatens the freedom of a state allied with us or of a state whose endurance we consider critical to our security. 3 ) In instances affecting non-nuclear aggression. the United States would ‘look to the state straight threatened to presume the primary duty of supplying the work force for defence.
’” It was thought that if America would non ever be a safety cyberspace for smaller states. they would increase their defence systems to be more equal for the occupation. In the terminal the Nixon-Kissinger foreign policy furuncles down to stableness. and in order to accomplish that stableness there must be a planetary balance of power. They want Americans to maintain their idealistic values and advance peace. but recognize what the state has the capableness and authorization to make in the universe.